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ITS HisroT{r 


By Payson Sibley Wild 












36 7 

\^ I ■^<f^ w Tibi,Clio,Jidelis Jui — meo ipsius modo 


FORTUNATE is the historian who has lived through and 
been a small part of the history he essays to write. So is he 
able to view his material subjectively^ and to interpret it in 
accordance with his own exegetical bias. So also is he able to 
look at his material objectively, since it is altogether factual. 
From this double vantage ground it will be the aim of this his- 
torian to review both outstanding and minor events as they ap- 
pear in the written records of the Club between the end of the 
igz^-igz/f. season and the end of the ig^^-ig^^ season; to 
honor the memory of our members who have died within that 
period; to laud the work of those whose contributions have been 
of significant value to the Club; a?2d to comment ad libitum et 
amanter on any or all other matters that may seem to be worthy 
of note. 

The Chicago Literary Club was founded in iSy^f and has 
been a live and thriving organism ever since. The story of its 
first fifty years., of its formative, pioneer, hilarious, turbulent, 
never uninteresting periods, has been told in masterly fashion 
and in charmingly Boswellian detail by this historian s pred- 
ecessor, Frederick William Gookin, for forty years, from 1880 
to ig20, our Club' s unrivalled Secretary and Treasurer. He saw 
the Club through storm and stress, through healthy development 
until at last when he laid dowrj his pen our Navis Litteraria 
rested in quiet waters. It is now the duty of this historian to carry 
on and to tell his twenty-year tale as faithfully and truly as he 

Payson S. Wild 

Chicago, June i, 1946 



I. We have Kept the Faith. Club Library ... i 

II. Fifty-first season. Associate Membership. We 

move from tenth to eighth floor. Memorials . 6 

III. 1 925-1 926. Papers by members now deceased. 
McAndrew. A reporter intrudes. Denton J. 
Snider 11 

IV. 1 926-1 927. A formidable topic bravely attacked. 
Purgation. 1927-1928, Frank J. Loesch Presi- 
dent. James Thompson. George Packard. Meet- 
ing December 19, 1927 in Ryerson Physical 
Laboratory, University of Chicago .... 17 

V. Paul Shorey. Louis Block. Clarence Burley. 

Charles C. Curtiss. Louis F. Post. William Kent 24 

VI. 1 928-1 929. Memorials. fFe Move Agaiyi. 1929- 
1930. Medical and Dental Arts Building. Place 
de r Inquisition. Dreams of peaceful haven of 
rest shattered. "Pedagese." Back to Fine Arts 
Building. Origin of printing Club papers. Me- 
morials 29 

VII. 1 930-1 93 1. Lessing Rosenthal President. Vignet- 
tes by Louis Post. Alfred Bishop Mason. Edward 
S. Ames. Memorials 38 

VIII. Fifty-eighth year. Dr. Herrick. Our bank fails. 
Parlous times. Harvey Lemon on Michelson. 
Book Nights. Scintillating program. Memorials. 
1932-1933. Harvey Lemon President ... 47 

[ vii 1 

IX. John M. Cameron President 1933-1934- Classics 
Nights. Sixtieth Anniversary. "Kudos" medals. 
Season of 1 934-1 935- Henry M. Wolf President. 
Famous "Octogenarian Dinner." 57 

X. Sixty-second season. William E. Dodd's "Appre- 
ciation" of Henry M. Wolf. Club rooms en- 
larged. Walter L. Fisher. Frederick W. Gookin. 
Club Freedoms. Sixty-third season. Memorable 
Ladies' Night ("Black Oxen") 67 

XI. 1937-1938. Reunion Dinner at Chicago Athletic 
Club. Events and comments. 1938-1939. Anx- 
ious days. Hitler stalks abroad. Our Ivory Tower. 
Memorials 76 

XII. 1 939-1 940. Papers worthy of our best traditions. 
William E. Dodd. 1940-1941. Disquieting season 
internationally, but we carry on. Bishop Cheney. 
1941-1942. Change in fiscal policy. Sixteen 
deaths, a sad list. Dr. Reed 85 

XIII. Our war members. 1942-1943. Onr first Ladies' 
Night in the University Club. Odysseus calls it 
perfection. 1 943-1 944. Howard Eldridge. 1944- 
1945. Income tax immunity. Audit system initi- 
ated. Carey Croneis elected President of Beloit 
College. Casper Ooms appointed Commissioner 
of Patents. 1 945-1 946. We are obliged to move 
again. Epilogue. Mary Green 94 


A. List of the Club's Officers, 1924 to 1946. . . . 107 

B. Roll of members from September 30, 1925, to 
May 6, 1946 11 1 

C. Papers read before the Club from May 19, 1924, to 
May 7, 1945, with dates. Names in alphabetical order 123 

f viii 1 



William McAndrew 12 

Frank Joseph Loesch 18 

James Westfall Thompson 20 

George Packard 22 

Paul Shorey 24 

Clarence Augustus Burley 26 

Lessing Rosenthal 38 

Edward Scribner Ames 40 

James Bryan Herrick 48 

Henry Milton Wolf 62 

Charles Bert Reed 86 

Payson Sibley Wild 90 

Mary Green 104 

[ ix] 




Chapter I 

THAT the Chicago Literary Club has been for more 
than seventy years a cohesive, non-explosive struc- 
ture, maintaining a steady, unbroken series of weekly 
meetings from the first meeting to the two thousand three 
hundred and twelfth (the number at present writing), when 
one considers the great diversity of character, training and 
temperament of its various members as they come and go is a 
social phenomenon of marked significance. From one genera- 
tion to the next the membership has been drawn through a 
rigid "selective service," from the ranks of educated men, 
chiefly of the learned professions, as might be expected, the 
Law, Medicine, the Church, Education, Architecture, in- 
cluding Banking, Journalism, x'\ccounting, and certain other 
vocations, wherein may be found men eagerly in search of 
cultural values. 

At the end of his fifty-year history of the Club, Mr. Gookin, 
the erstwhile Secretary, wrote these words: 

"The future of the Club will be largely what we make it. As we 
sow, so shall we reap. The destiny of the Club is in the hands of its 

[ I ] 

younger members. It is for them to carry on its traditions, to up- 
hold its high standard, to make it the cherished meeting place 
where the best and most cultured men in the city will foregather. 
Each member in the future as in the past will need to have a keen 
sense of personal responsibility and be willing to give the Club of 
his very best. If the members do not fail in this, and it is incon- 
ceivable that they will, then at the expiration of another fifty years 
the Club should still be a lusty infant." 

Twenty years of those fifty have passed over our heads. 
Have we not kept the faith? We have sown no wind and 
reaped no hurricane. Rather we have kept on sowing our best 
selected seeds of literary eflFort and are consistently reaping a 
better harvest. The "younger members" of twenty years ago 
are now our older members. They have been true to their 
trust, have carried on our best traditions, upheld our high 
standards. All who were members one fifth of a century ago 
and are still alive, will attest the fact that our Club is the 
"cherished meeting place where the best and most cultured 
men of the city" still foregather. And who is there among 
us today who does not feel "a keen sense of personal responsi- 
bility" for the Club's welfare, and is not willing "to give 
the Club of his very best?" We venture to believe that the 
"lusty infant" of 1924 has already passed the "mewling 
and puking" stage and is fast learning to eat its spinach 
with gusto. 

So here we are, a body of men of full intellectual stature 
and prominent station, differing one from another politically, 
religiously, philosophically, but bound together year after 
year by love of the beautifully and correctly written and 
spoken word, and of the companionship of kindred minds 
and spirits. 

This twenty-year compendium has been compiled from 
the written proceedings of the Club as contained in three 
quarto volumes, numbers VIII, IX and X, of the Club rec- 
ords, from the annual reports of the Secretary and Treasurer, 
from the yearbooks, from recollections of members, and from 
a memory impervious to more than fleeting impressions. 

[ 2 ] 

The Library 

The library of the Club was at one time an interesting, if 
somewhat bizarre, aggregation of books. Members who 
wrote books, and many did commit that indiscretion, were 
expected to donate copies of their works to the Club library. 
There were dictionaries, encyclopedias and other reference 
books that in their day were timely and useful, but are now 
obsolescent. Other books were presented to the library. The 
accumulation grew in size and age. But the bookcases were 
locked (they still are !) and few asked for the keys. There was 
(and is today) almost no time for reading during Club ses- 
sions, and the rooms were not open to members at other 
times. Cacoethes loqiiendi (an itch to talk) over beer and sand- 
wiches was a readily acquired infection after the formal 
exercises, and was regarded quite properly with greater favor 
than dabbling in the printed lucubrations of long-forgotten 
authors. So it was that our incarcerated books gathered dust 
and begat worms. Eventually, however, a few members be- 
came troubled in conscience, and expressed the opinion that 
it was quite out of Literary Club character to allow such a 
fine library to lapse into desuetude. Something should be 
done about it. At the business meeting on February 26, 1923, 
these conscientious objectors offered a motion, promptly sec- 
onded and carried, that a Committee of Three be appointed 
to eliminate useless volumes from the Club library, and to 
arrange and catalogue the remainder. The following year that 
Committee worked valiantly if sporadically at reconstruction 
and reformation. In the Secretary's report to the Club, ren- 
dered May 19, 1924, appears the following paragraph: 

"I am not authorized to report for your Library Committee, but 
it may not be out of place for me to say that that Committee has 
carefully collated all our books and disposed by sale or gift of many 
which are doing better and more active service elsewhere than on 
our own musty shelves. The books remaining have been catalogued, 
and will be arranged in proper order at some future meeting of 
the Committee." 


That the Secretary spoke truly in part for that Committee, 
although not duly authorized, is evidenced by an item in the 
Treasurer's report of the same date to the effect that the 
really remarkable sum of I127.25 was realized in the sale by 
the Committee, of old books and brochures. What choice 
items the Committee may have found lurking in hidden cor- 
ners of the bookcases is not known, for there is no record. To 
the best of your historian's recollection, that catalogue, if it 
was made, was never mentioned or displayed. The Secretary 
says he has serious doubts that that "future meeting" of the 
Library Committee was ever held. 

The above Secretarial report went on to say: 

"Of great interest to the Club should be the knowledge that 
every Club publication issued since our birth as a Club in 1874, our 
yearbooks, Club papers, memorials and other brochures are all to 
be found in a certain one of our bookcases." 

This was true at the time of that report and we took great 
pride in that fact. But that state of completion did not last. 
The case containing these valuable records was gradually 
filled to overflowing with an ever increasing accumulation of 
new documents and reports; constant handling of the con- 
tents as some one of us from time to time went in search of 
a special item to fill out a personal collection or for other pur- 
poses, brought on a state of confusion that broke up and 
practically ruined that complete collection. In our difficulty 
we consulted our two professional librarians, both members 
of the Club, Carl B. Roden of the Chicago Public Library, 
and George B. Utley of the Newberry Library. Many of our 
publications were already in these libraries. Salvaging what 
we could from what we had left, and obtaining stray copies 
from private sources, we managed finally to round up every 
last item, not quite in duplicate but nearly so. George Utley 
assures us that the Newberry now has a complete set of 
everything the Literary Club has ever published. Mr. Roden 
informs us that his set in the Public Library is almost com- 
plete, that one or two items are still lacking. Copies of every 


publication issued by the Club from year to year are sent to 
these two libraries. Also on our mailing list are the John 
Crerar Library of Chicago, the Chicago Historical Society, 
the University of Chicago Library, Northwestern University 
Library, the American Antiquarian Society of Worcester, 
Massachusetts, and the libraries of Harvard University and 
Yale University. 

Three times since 1 924-1 925 the Club has transferred its 
earthly possessions to different quarters. We shall speak of 
these moves in due course. Each one left its hallmark of con- 
fusion on our little library. Today these books languish, as 
they have languished for twenty years, unread, well coffined 
and unsung. 


Chapter II 

WE OPENED the fifty-first season of the Club in 
October, 1924, under the presidency of George Ellis 
Dawson, then a man well along in years. He had 
been a member of the Club for thirty-four years, a modest, 
retiring man, faithful in attendance, of few words, genial, 
unaffected, amiable. The meeting was held in Recital Hall 
where Mrs. Green served one of her excellent dinners to 
seventy-two members and guests, after which Mr. Dawson 
delivered his Inaugural, The X Club. At this time the Club 
had one hundred and eighty-two resident members, sixty- 
five non-resident, one honorary, and three Associate mem- 
bers. Concerning Associate members a word is in order at 
this point. Three or four years before this fifty-first season, 
Merritt Starr, one of our foremost members and always ac- 
tively interested in promoting Club welfare, in whose fertile 
brain the idea was conceived, if we remember rightly, put 
forward the suggestion that the Club's prestige would be 
enhanced if we could lure into our fold certain well-known 
educators, such as college presidents and professors in insti- 
tutions at a distance from Chicago. Of course these men 
could not be classed as resident members or even non- 
resident since they had never been residents of Chicago. Mr. 
Starr proposed to call them Associate Members. The sugges- 
tion met with Club approval. Accordingly the By-Laws were 
revised and this new class of members was formally recog- 
nized. Like non-resident members, i\ssociate members have 
no vote and pay no dues. Their connection with the Club 
would seem to be somewhat tenuous, but it has lasted. Mr. 
Starr and his friends selected four names as a nucleus: Dr. 
Melvin A. Brannon, President of Beloit College, Dr. James 
L. McConaughy, President of Knox College, Professor 

[ 6 ] 

Kenneth McKenzie, Professor of Italian Literature at the 
University of Illinois, and Professor William E. Simonds, 
Professor of English at Knox College. These men were duly 
elected to associate membership. There have been no addi- 
tions since. Mr. McConaughy resigned shortly after his elec- 
tion, and went to an Eastern College leaving his three asso- 
ciates to do the honors and bear the burden of their class. 
This they have done without a break for the past twenty 
years. While on this subject we should mention the Club 
activities in which these associate members took part. It is 
a short record. Mr. Starr, who took a great interest in 
Italian literature, and was a devotee of Dante, obtained the 
professional services of Professor McKenzie and Professor 
Ernest H. Wilkins (of the University of Chicago at that 
time, and for many years President of Oberlin College) as 
collaborators in the preparation of a paper entitled Dante 
Six Hundred Years After ^ which he read before the Club with 
considerable effect in 1921. The Club published this paper, 
which is number XXVIII in our list of publications. That 
was Mr. McKenzie's only contribution, an indirect one, to 
our Club proceedings. Dr. Brannon made one appearance be- 
fore the Club, on March 8, 1937, when he read a paper on 
Ti7ne Thinking. At that time he had accumulated something 
of a record as an educational executive, having been, since 
his presidency of Beloit, Chancellor of the University of 
Montana, and President of the University of Idaho. At the 
time when he read his one paper he was a research worker in 
zoology at the University of Wisconsin. He now resides in 
Florida in partial, if not full, retirement. Professor Simonds 
retired to Ithaca, New York, some years ago; his continuous 
interest in our Club is evinced by an annual note of apprecia- 
tion to the Secretary. 

Now to return to our fifty-first season. To an invitation 
extended to us from the Literary Club of Cincinnati to 
attend the celebration of its seventy-fifth anniversary to be 
held during October, 1924, a prompt acceptance was re- 

[ 7 ] 

turned, and on October 13th Edwin H. Lewis was selected to 
be our representative. He reported duly that he had been 
pleasantly entertained in the Ohio city by a colorful group 
of amateur and semi-professional literati, men like ourselves, 
of education, eager to learn more of literature and science 
and to practise the art of writing. 

During the twenty years covered by this epitomized his- 
tory of our Club proceedings, between five and six hundred 
papers have been read before the Club, papers of high and 
low degree, as would be expected in a general literary forum 
such as ours. At the end of this volume will be found the 
names, alphabetically arranged, of the authors of these pa- 
pers, and the titles of the papers each author has read. We 
might add that there is also an appendix containing the 
names of all members who were alive at the beginning of the 
season 1 924-1 925, or have become members since, together 
with the dates of their "accession," and "dismemberment," 
if any, whether by death, resignation, or other cause. 

We have selected for special mention and comment, in our 
perusal of the record with an unprejudiced mind, only those 
papers of intrinsic worth that awaken our dormant memory, 
papers historical, philosophical, scientific, highly imaginative, 
authoritative, humorous and entertaining, all the while 
remembering that "One star differeth from another in 
glory." Among the outstanding papers read during this 1924- 
1925 season were Frank J. Loesch's " Personal Recollections of 
the Republican Convention of 1880; The Most Commonplace 
Thing in the Worlds by Wilfred Puttkammer (a paper he read 
again twenty-one years later before a mostly new generation 
of members); Scots ^ by William McAndrew; Irving Pond's 
Ladies' Night address. Education for Art and Life; Shake- 
speare and the Renaissance, by Merritt Starr (his final contri- 
bution) ; the first of a series of three exceptionally fine papers 
by Governor Horner entitled Restless Ashes \ and Values , by 
Edward Scribner Ames, read at the final meeting of the year, 
May 1 8, 1925. These were the literary high-lights of the season. 

[ 8 ] 

We Move 

There had been intimations of an impending change of 
quarters in the autumn of 1924. The Chairman of the Com- 
mittee on Rooms and Finance, Holmes Onderdonk, the 
Chicago Tribune's real estate manager, on October 29, "re- 
ported progress of negotiations for another Club room, and 
by vote of the members present was empowered to act." 
The change was effected in the following February when the 
Club transferred its Lares and Penates and other supellectile 
possessions from the tenth floor of the Fine Arts Building 
(Recital Hall, later called Curtiss Hall in honor of Charles C. 
Curtiss, one of our members and the Manager of the Build- 
ing) to the eighth floor of the same building, suite 806-807, 
fronting Michigan Avenue. On February yth, 1925, the 
Club met in the new rooms for the first time. The honor of 
reading the first paper on that memorable occasion fell to 
Samuel John Duncan-Clark of the Chicago Daily News, a 
journalist of repute, whose reports and comments during 
World War I had gained for him a large following. Duncan- 
Clark was also an amateur painter and star-gazer. The topic 
of his paper was, Adventures in Ruralia. We still had the 
privilege of using Recital Hall for Ladies' Nights and other 
special meetings. For four years we met in this eighth floor 
suite, where many interesting sessions were held before our 
next move, a most infelicitous one, concerning which certain 
remarks will be made at the proper time. Eleven new mem- 
bers were received into the Club during 1 924-1 925. Seven 
resident members were removed by death in this period. Mr. 
Charles L. Hutchinson has been memorialized with deep 
feeling by Mr. Gookin in his history. Thomas Dent, our lone 
honorary member, a retired lawyer, highly respected at the 
bar by his compeers for his suavity, gentle wit, and quiet, 
unostentatious manner both in and outside of court, died on 
Christmas Day, 1924. In "his last years, bereft of family, he 
lived alone in a comfortable Home for Aged Men. Frail of 


body he was rarely able to come to our meetings, but to the 
last his loyalty and affection were evidenced by a small 
annual contribution from his slender means to the Club 
treasury. This little auto-da-fe (in the literal meaning of that 
expression) is here recorded as a tardy tribute to his memory. 
For the other five members who died during this season : 
Clarke Jeffrey, Dr. Norman Bridge, James J. Wait, Edward 
P. Bailey, and Edgar A. Bancroft, all distinguished members, 
memorials were written by special committees and read be- 
fore the Club. The memorial for the last named was printed 
in the yearbook for the following year. Mr. Bancroft died in 
Japan July 28, 1925. In chapterTen of Mr. Gookin's History, 
that recorder, anticipating the end of his story, interpolated 
a touching eulogy of Edgar Bancroft. Our yearbook memo- 
rial said in part: 

"Mr. Bancroft was a leader in his profession, an orator of super- 
lative ability, a patriot of untiring effort, a public servant of un- 
flagging zeal, a watchful private citizen, a protagonist for the down- 
trodden, a wise counselor in the never-ending problems of racial 
conflict growing out of prejudice. . . . He would always rally to the 
cry of citizenship. All these activities were but experimental mate- 
rial for his fearless and intelligent conduct of the difficult office of 
United States Ambassador to Japan, where his skill and concilia- 
tory genius were leading surely to a restoration of harmony and a 
better understanding on the part of Japan when Death unkindly 
came. He was a member of our happy little band of literary aspir- 
ants, and lent his wit and charm to many of our meetings for sev- 
eral years." 


Chapter III 

THE season of 1 925-1 926 opened on October 5, 1925 
with the usual Reunion and Dinner, held in Recital 
Hall. Seventy-five members and guests listened atten- 
tively to the Inaugural address of President Charles Doak 
Lowry, The PForking Theory of a Laymmi^ wherein the 
speaker outlined and ably defended his own personal reli- 
gious convictions. Mr. Lowry was (and still is, though re- 
tired) a veteran administrator in our Chicago school system 
with an enviable record for long and efficient service. He has 
an extensive knowledge of early pioneer history here in the 
Middle West, especially in the Ohio River States, as two of 
his later papers attest, John Rankin^ Black Abolitionist, and 
The Imperial Forest. The Inaugural was followed a week 
later by a valuable and stirring contribution to Chicago his- 
tory by Frank Joseph Loesch, a paper entitled Personal 
Recollections During the Chicago Fire. The author's remark- 
ably clear memory enabled him to present details of his many 
experiences in that historic conflagration with vividness and 
exactitude, visualizing them for his hearers to a high degree. 
This quality is markedly noticeable in all Mr. Loesch's other 
papers dealing with past events, quorum pars magfia fuit. 
The following note appears in the record of the meeting at 
which this paper was read: "This paper was afterwards 
privately printed by its author and distributed gratis.'' 

This season was a particularly brilliant one. As one runs 
through the record of that series of meetings from October 
to May, one is struck by the fact that nearly all the papers 
were done by men whom we remember or still know as 
scholars or specialists, such men as Paul Shorey, professor 
of Greek at the University of Chicago; James Westfall 
Thompson, professor of European History at the University 

[ II ] 

of Chicago, and later at the University of California (Berke- 
ley) ; George H. Mead, professor of Philosophy at the Uni- 
versity of Chicago; Henry Justin Smith, Editor of the Chi- 
cago Daily News, and for a while assistant to the President 
of the University of Chicago; Francis M. Arnold, profes- 
sional musician, whose papers were quite often interpreted 
by himself on the piano; Charles B. Reed, of medical and 
literary fame, whose Masters of the Wilderness, and other 
histories of early Canadian days, not to mention his memo- 
rable stories of the North Woods read before the Club at 
various times, are works of distinction; William McAndrew, 
Superintendent of Chicago Schools; William E. Dodd, pro- 
fessor of American History at the University of Chicago, and 
United States Ambassador to Nazi Germany (appointed by 
President Roosevelt) from 1933 to 1937; Sigmund Zeisler, 
well known Chicago attorney, and author of Reminiscences 
of the Anarchist Case, a paper written for and read to the 
Club on May third, 1926, and published by the Club in 
January, 1927; and lastly, William Lee Richardson, author 
and editor, a blithe and cheerful spirit, and to the very 
end a purveyor and teacher of the best in literature. Please 
note that these men are no longer with us save in happy 

As one turns the pages of this season's record to the date 
of March 29, 1926, one reads these words by no means un- 
familiar to members of this Club: nox dominarum uxorum 
viRGiNUM. . . . Ladies' Night obviously. The record con- 
tinues: "Recitavit suum Ubellum Gulielmus Andreas Mc- 
Andrew: ''The Wells of Saint Boethius.''' Moistening the dry 
Andrewsian humor with frequent draughts from the Saint's 
Wells, The Ladies greatly enjoyed the occasion. If any apology 
for using a little Latin in a semi-public record twenty years 
ago is required, let it be said that at that time Latin as a 
medium of linguistic exchange was still alive, though breath- 
ing heavily; whereas today it is in a triple state of coma, dis- 
favor, and disrepute, a casualty of World War IL How much 

[ 1-- ] 


simpler is the electron than the subjunctive mood, or radar 
than the ablative absolute! 

There is much of interest that could be said here about our 
honored member William McAndrew, designated in the 
Ladies' Night record just mentioned as Imperator Notus 
Scholarum Publicarum (violent snorts from Mayor Thomp- 
son and Margaret Haley!), but this brief history cannot go 
into biographical details in extenso. One of our long-time 
members, a public school Principal, has kindly furnished us 
with copies of a slender publication, issued by and for public 
school teachers during the spring and summer of 1944, 
which sets forth the remarkable career of McAndrew from 
his early days until his suspension by the Chicago Board of 
Education in March, 1928, and his vindication later by the 
Board and by the Courts. He was an educator of national 
renown, kindly, approachable, of unshakable conviction, 
firm in his methods of school administration, and, though ad- 
mittedly in the right, was at times accused even by his 
friends of lacking in tact. In his stormy scholastic career we 
note that he either had his own way or got out, with a ringing 
farewell of cheerful defiance. We must quote what he said 
shortly after his departure; it is thoroughly characteristic 
of the man as we knew him both in and out of the Club : 

"I have been called the stormy petrel of education. It may be a 
fair name, for there have been, alas, storms in the two school sys- 
tems where I have spent most of my days. But I never raised a 
storm; I never started a fight. I merely hung on to the work that 
seemed worth doing. I never hated anybody. I never could see any 
reason for anyone's hating me. Chicago fired me out twice, but gave 
me a delightfully lively time when I lived there. Not a dull mo- 
ment! Chicago has for years had what seems to me a marvellously 
high proportion of talent in its schools, and a pitiful and idiotic 
record of debauching its teachers by Board stupidity and lack of 
humane consideration ... I knew the likelihood of trouble so well 
that when I went to Chicago the second time I had a pretty good 
opinion that I might last six weeks. I lasted one hundred and 
eighty-four. Why not let me blow that horn and be thankful for the 
lively days I spent there?" 

[ 13 ] 

That they were lively days we who survive can well re- 
member. In this connection it is pertinent to record here a 
later incident that had its humorous as well as serious side. 
On October 17, 1927, a year and a half after his Ladies' 
Night address, McAndrew read a paper before an audience of 
more than a hundred members and guests in Recital Hall. It 
was his final contribution to our Club programs, and came 
in the midst of his political fight when hostilities had waxed 
very hot. We entertain a little more than a suspicion, but 
may be entirely wrong, that he chose his topic with mischief 
and malice aforethought, knowing that it would probably be 
misconstrued, as it was. His topic was Life Among the Bone- 
heads. When the announcements came out the week before, 
McAndrew at once became suspect in the eyes of an after- 
noon newspaper that got wind of the matter. This newspaper 
arranged secretly to have a reporter on hand at the reading. 
But McAndrew saved his enemies harmless. He dealt criti- 
cally but not unkindly with the various varieties of ossified 
human crania with which he had come in contact during his 
long professional career. His paper had no connection what- 
ever with its author's political foes, and was quite void of 
animus. The next day a garbled account of the paper, dis- 
torted to cause the reader to infer what was never implied, 
appeared in that nev/spaper. This aroused considerable feel- 
ing in the Club. \t the following meeting Frank J. Loesch, 
who was president at that time, made a few caustic remarks 
anent the affair, and stressed the sacredness and intimate 
character of our Club proceedings. McAndrew protested, 
and the Secretary wrote to the editor of the newspaper, 
whom he knew rather well, asking for an explanation. The 
reply was more an attempt to justify the newspaper than 
an apology: "Well, you know it was news^ therefore grist to 
our mill." McAndrew joined the Club x^pril 8, 1890, and was 
a member (a non-resident most of the time) until his death, 
June 27, 1937, a period of forty-seven years. The Secretary 
remembers with pleasure the receipt of several felicitous 

[ 14] 

notes from McAndrew after he left us, which were illus- 
trated with unique straight line drawings of his own design. 

To return to the 1 925-1 926 season. During that year the 
Club received into membership fifteen men, of whom seven 
are still actively with us. We lost two resident members and 
three non-resident. These latter were Dr. Charles Gordon 
Fuller, Robert Todd Lincoln, and Denton Jaques Snider. 
Dr. Fuller, a well-known oculist, is remembered as a man 
short in writing Club papers (he read only two in Forty- 
three years) but long in his genial contributions to our fa- 
mous post-exercises aftermaths. x'\s a raconteur he had ac- 
quired much fame; his ever-ready humor made him a most 
welcome companion at all meetings. Robert Todd Lincoln 
came into the Club in 1876, and was on our list of members 
for fifty years without ever having attended a single meeting of 
the Cluby a record in the Club annals. He had held high 
Government office — Secretary of War from 1881 to 1885, 
and Ambassador to England from 1887 to 1893; and was 
President of the Pullman Company for fourteen years. With 
Edward S. Isham, also one of our very early members but 
much more active in the Club, he was a founder of the 
Chicago law firm bearing their names. 

Denton Snider's relation to the Club was a peculiar one. 
He became a member in 1888 and remained on our list for 
thirty-seven years. According to the Club records he never 
read a paper before the Club, but he did write books — books 
galore; witness that top shelf in the Club's large bookcase, 
whereon lie at least/or/y volumes in fairly good binding done 
by this prolific writer — we had almost said hack. It is a fair 
presumption that these volumes were presented to the Club 
by the author in accordance with that erstwhile custom al- 
ready mentioned. Snider had been a teacher in St. Louis; he 
lectured widely throughout the Middle West. He possessed 
a large fund of general information, and wrote on a variety 
of subjects, as one may see by running one's eye over these 
titles. There are The Cosmos, several volumes of com- 

[ 15 ] 

mentaries on Shakespeare, Dante, and others, The Life of 
Froebely A Trip to Europe^ European History, The Iliad, The 
Odyssey, quite a lot of verse, and treatises on Philosophy, 
which, we are told, was his favorite topic. Contemplating 
this gallimaufry of erudition one is forced to the sad conclu- 
sion that scholarship got lost in the shuffle, and not for the 
first time in literary history. 

The Secretary's report read at the close of this 1 925-1 926 
season ended as follows: 

"All Committees have done their work faithfully and well. The 
papers have been of exceptional quality in most instances, and have 
uniformly tended to maintain that quiet atmosphere of dignity, 
seclusion, and enjoyment, which is the chief asset of this ancient 
and honorable institution." 

16 ] 

Chapter IV 

THE season of 1 926-1 927 opened auspiciously with 
the usual dinner, sixty members and 12 guests attend- 
ing, in Recital Hall. President Carl B. Roden de- 
livered his stirring Inaugural, the topic being Chicago. 
(Roden's papers were always "stirring" and refreshingly 
entertaining. Has any one of us who was living in 1922 ever 
forgotten Roden's Pennsyhany-Dutch'^.) If the members 
present at most of the meetings of this season were to make a 
general appraisal of the papers read, all would doubtless 
agree that at least fifteen, or fifty per cent., were of the high- 
est excellence. When one considers the different degrees of 
education, intellectual power, and training existing in a 
Club such as ours, that ratio is really remarkable. Ladies' 
Night on January 21, 1927, was the most largely attended 
meeting of the year. More than a hundred members and 
guests were present to hear Professor Arthur J. Todd's first 
paper before the Club on the subject Three PVise Men of the 
East. The record states that refreshments were served after 
the exercises. That was then and for a time afterwards the 
custom on Ladies' Nights. Gradually the habit grew upon us 
of serving refreshments to the Ladies beforehand. One of the 
jokesters of the Club, recalling both customs, queried at a 
much later date (it might well have been Doctor Reed) if we 
fed the Ladies after the paper as a solace for their boredom, 
and before the paper as a fortification against it! Suffice it to 
say that serving a dinner to our Ladies before the exercises, 
as latterly we have done, has increased the popularity and 
enjoyment of Ladies' Night to a very marked degree. As 
these words are being written the Ladies are demanding more 
frequent Noctes Mulierum. 

Professor Todd, of the department of Sociology at North- 

[ 17 ] 

western, was a man whom merely to meet was instinctively 
to like. He made one feel that one's interests were his. His 
paper, The Secularization of Do?nestic Relations: Nineteen 
Centuries of Church versus Sex, read to the Club a year later, 
was a sociological study of considerable import, as we who 
heard it well remember. The Club published this paper as 
Number XXXVI in its list of publications. Professor Todd 
read three other significant papers before he felt constrained, 
because of overwork, to resign. 

A startlingly formidable topic confronted us one evening 
during this season. It was this: y^ Trilogy of Essays in Outline: 
Institutions, Their Functions and Instruments; The Near and 
the Remote Aspects of Liberty; Publicists, Their Characteristics 
and Functions. There is no note or comment in the record to 
indicate the listeners' reaction to the reader's intellectual 
struggle to cover hectare with a bull's hide without cutting 
the hide into strips. The record says merely: "For purposes 
of elucidation special charts were used," which struck some 
of us present as like piling Ossa on Pelion. But our recollec- 
tion is that the reader came through bravely, having made 
some headway at least against a wind of hurricane propor- 
tions. A belated credit is his due for his courageous effort. 

At the end of the year the Secretary in his report began by 
waiving his usual rhetorical sublimations: 

"Then hence, begone, the cunning metaphor, 
The pretty trope, the artful orator, 
For nothing must our minds (alleged) detract 
From stale statistics and from frozen fact." 

These were portentous words, for the statistical report that 
followed immediately seemed to imply that the Club's 
euphoria was being threatened by something malignant. It 
was stated that the Club had lost during the year twenty- 
four members, a record number, the causes of this social dis- 
solution being, besides the natural one, death, voluntary 
resignation, and involuntary decapitation administered 
legally by the Electoral Committee (which furnishes no 

[ i8 ] 


cerements). Tragic are the misfits that occasionally and para- 
doxically find themselves lost in our Club. They are bound 
to us by a mere filament, which soon breaks. Fewer and 
fewer, we are happy to say, as recent years have passed, have 
been these cases requiring drastic action. We took in seven 
new members that season, ending with one hundred and 
sixty-eight resident members, a net loss of only seventeen. 
This purgation proved beneficial, as the report for the follow- 
ing year clearly shows. 

Lyman J. Gage, for forty-three years a member of this 
Club, died in retirement at Point Loma, California, on 
January 26, 1927, at the age of ninety-one. He was so well 
known in the world of finance and politics during \ns floruit 
(the final decades of the nineteenth century and a few years 
thereafter) that most of us are familiar with his name at 
least. This eminent financier wove his remarkably useful and 
successful career into the tapestry of our city's history. 
Chicago was then in a rapidly growing stage of development, 
and Mr. Gage was a large factor in that growth. He was 
President of the First National Bank of Chicago for a num- 
ber of years, and, as Chairman of the Board of Directors of 
the World's Columbian Exposition in 1893 (which those liv- 
ing few of us who saw it regard as second to no other before 
or since), was largely responsible for its phenomenal success. 
Mr. Gage was also Secretary of the Treasury under President 
McKinley, and then President of a New York Trust Com- 
pany until he retired in 1906. Mr. Gage is said to have nur- 
tured a personal interest in Things of the Spirit; it may be, 
therefore, that his selection of Point Loma in Southern 
California as a place of retirement, where various cults of 
the Occult were much in evidence, was more than a coin- 
cidence. As showing Mr. Gage's lasting interest in the Club, 
we quote from the Secretary's report last mentioned: 

"In December, only a month before his decease, Mr. Gage sub- 
scribed most generously toward defraying the expense ot publish- 
ing Sigmund Zeisler's paper on the Anarchist Trial." 

[ 19 ] 

As the fifty-fifth president of the Club Frank J. Loesch 
assumed office on October lo, 1927, and after the dinner read 
his Inaugural address before an audience of eighty-one mem- 
bers and guests, his topic being Four Pedagogues and a Boy. 
This was the eleventh of sixteen papers read by Mr. Loesch 
before the Club during his membership of thirty-five years, 
and the fourth coming within the purview of this twenty- 
year history. He was to write four more sui generis papers 
before his death in the summer of 1944, at the advanced age 
of ninety-two. These latest papers were all based on events 
and scenes of his earlier days, his recollections of which, as 
we have already seen, were so clearly stamped on his mem- 
ory as to be almost photographically accurate. Mr. Loesch's 
next paper, presented a little over eight years later on April 
27, 1936, was unforgettable — A Domestic Tragedy. Let us 
look at the Secretary's note of that meeting: 

"For one hour and thirty-five minutes, which passed altogether 
too quickly, the reader, hale and hearty at eighty-four, in a clear 
and resonant voice, and in effectively dramatic fashion, entertained 
the Club with an account of the notorious Leslie Carter divorce 
case of the late eighties, in which Mr. Loesch had actively partici- 
pated as counsel. The paper was received with great applause." 

That scandalous story, that had rocked Victorian prudery 
off its feet, was told without reserve and with rich humor. 
A year and a half later, on Ladies' Night, November 29, 
1937, "an exceptional occasion," as the record states, Mr. 
Loesch was the reader on the topic Gleams from the Glimmer- 
glass^ another set of recollections, colored by fancy and de- 
livered with poetic feeling. This meeting was held in the main 
dining room of the Chicago Woman's Club, then situated on 
East Eleventh Street, the unusually large mixed audience 
numbering one hundred and sixty-two. Mr. Loesch, still vig- 
orous, read his next paper on April 22, 1940, his subject: 
Memories of the Chicago Bar in the Seventies and Eighties. 
This was of special interest to our legal members, who were 
familiar with the names and traditions of the well-known 

[ 20] 


lawyers, and judges of that earlier period. One more 
paper was written for the Club by Mr. Loesch while he 
was confined to his rooms a confirmed invalid — a non- 
agenarian faithful to a commitment made months be- 
fore. Unable to appear in person to read his final contribu- 
tion on May lo, 1943, Mr. Loesch asked Bernadotte E. 
Schmitt to read it for him, which was done most acceptably. 
The title of this paper was Some Leading Chicago Business 
Men in the Eighteen-nineties — more from that capacious bag 
of memories. In July of the following year this long and 
active life came to its close, and the Club lost a stalwart 
member, a man of striking appearance, patriarchal in his 
latter days, commanding instant respect, a type of citizen 
altogether too rare. During his incumbency as President of 
the Club (1927-1928) rich and nourishing pabulum was 
served to the Club by fifteen of our best writers of that 
period, who have since died. Ten men still living contributed 
papers of the highest quality; eight of these men are mem- 
bers today (two non-resident, six resident). Twenty-five of 
what Horace calls "'Nodes DeunC (nights of the gods) out of 
thirty nights mark the season with a double asterisk of excel- 
lence. It is a difficult and delicate matter, without seeming to 
be unfair, to single out certain papers for special mention, 
but since a few here and there stand out more clearly in 
memory than others because of some particularly note- 
worthy feature, we venture to particularize with no shadow 
of intention to make invidious distinctions. Two eminent 
historians occupied the desk on two successive evenings, 
William E. Dodd and James Westfall Thompson, the former 
reading us A Chapter from American History^ written with 
characteristic clarity and emphasis, the latter distinguishing 
Hell horn Dunkel with only a faint reference to beer. Thomp- 
son had a great flair for belaboring a welter of apparently 
unrelated facts, gathered from many sources, and moulding 
them into a consistent and logical historical sequence. He was 
a master of research; he had an inordinate knowledge of 

[ 21 ] 

historical events, chiefly mediaeval and ancient; he also 
knew men and books of all ages. He became a member of the 
Club in 1899, was Professor of European History at the Uni- 
versity of Chicago until about 1934, when he went to the 
University of California, where he died in September, 1941. 
During the thirty-five years he was in Chicago he read 
twenty-eight papers to the Chicago Literary Club, two of 
which the Club printed. The Last Pagan^ his presidential ad- 
dress in 1 91 6, and Cain, read in 1926. Thompson was a con- 
scientious and indefatigable worker, a prolific writer, an 
accurate historian. We miss a truly gifted member. 

Some Further Samples oj the Drama of Today was a lively 
discussion of three modern {modern in 1927) plays by George 
Packard, who, according to the record of that evening, laid 
special emphasis on the apothegm: "Drama is the Right 
Hand of Literature, and Must Not Die." Plays and play- 
acting were and still are one of his hobbies; he always reads 
with dramatic effect and vigorous intonation, which makes 
for easy listening on the part of the audience. George Packard 
joined the Club in 1894. He and Lessing Rosenthal (1898) 
share the high honor of being our only living pre-twentieth- 
century resident members. Packard was President of the 
Club for the season of 1918-1919, and has ever been a faith- 
ful attendant and a ready and able contributor to the exer- 
cises. In the course of his fifty-two years of Club activity he 
has prepared and read thirty papers. If the record has been 
correctly read, this number exceeds the number of papers 
read by any other member during Club history. Several 
memorials to deceased members show his delicate touch. He 
has the gift of saying just the right thing in appropriate words 
and in the proper tone. George Packard has done much to 
preserve the ideals and the traditional atmosphere of the 
Club. He entertains strong and well-defined convictions, 
which he does not hesitate to express when occasion arises; 
but he is never contentious; those who differ with him re- 
spect his views and opinions, and any argument that may 
ensue always ends peacefully if indecisively. 



Revenons a nos ynoutons. In a little "box" on the page giv- 
ing the account of Henri David's Motoring with Belphegor^ 
we find this quotation: 

''Je vois oil moti sort me mene, sans me plaindre ou m'effrayer" 

an attitude of mind proper to an adventurous traveller, 

Francis M. Arnold's paper on Our Greatest Composer^ as he 
termed Edward MacDowell, was a musical treat to those 
who heard it that night, November 28, 1927. Either this 
paper or one similar to it had been heard or seen by Mrs. 
MacDowell three months before, for in another "box" in the 
record we read the following excerpt from a letter to Arnold 
from Mrs. MacDowell dated September 29, 1927: 

You have made a very human and lovable figure of my husband, 
and also given a keen and appreciative review of his work and his 
place in the musical world." 

Arnold used the piano to illustrate MacDowell instru- 
mentally, while an outside friend sang some of MacDowell's 
choice songs. 

We forsook our own rooms to meet in another place on 
December 19, 1927. An invitation had been extended to us a 
month earlier by the University of Chicago to hold this meet- 
ing at the University in some suitable room to be duly desig- 
nated. As the record has it, 

"This meeting was held in Room 32, second floor, of the Ryerson 
Physical Laboratory (the birthplace of three Nobel Prizes in 
Physics). Before the exercises a number of our members dined at 
the Quadrangle Club by special arrangement." 

The paper of the evening was by Professor Harvey B. 
Lemon, the title being Stars and Atoms, and was copiously 
and beautifully illustrated by many rare experiments. 

[ --3 ] 

Chapter V 

IADIES' NIGHT, January 30, 1928, was held in Re- 
cital Hall with an attendance the "largest in many 
-^ years," one hundred and ten ladies and outside 
guests, and sixty-seven members, a total of one hundred and 
seventy-seven. Paul Shorey was the orator. His topic was 
Evolution — A Conservative's Apology. It was a character- 
istically brilliant essay and elicited ringing applause at the 

Paul Shorey, whose father, Daniel L. Shorey, was one of 
the founders of this Club in 1874, joined the Club in 1884. 
For half a century he was a literary glory of this unique or- 
ganization. He died at his residence in Chicago on April 24, 
1934, Though in recent years he seldom appeared at our Club 
meetings, partly because of poor health and partly because 
of the demands upon his time of academic and literary work, 
he nevertheless prized his membership and never refused to 
participate in our exercises when asked. His last appearance 
was at our annual Ladies' Night on October 30, 1933, when 
he read a paper before a large and enthusiastic audience on 
Soakiiig the Rich in Ancient Athens. 

His death deprives the world of a scholar of the widest re- 
nown in the language and literature of ancient Greece, and of 
hardly less renown in the languages and literatures of West- 
ern Europe. It has been said, and many of his students have 
no difficulty in believing it to be true, that he was fully 
qualified to head the departments, in any university, of 
Latin, French, German, Italian, Spanish, and English litera- 
tures, and philosophy and logic. His learning was simply 
prodigious, and always accurate. His memory was extraor- 
dinary. In matters of general interest, science, political econ- 
omy, political science, JVeltpolitik, he was thoroughly in- 

[ 24] 

PAUL S H O R E \' 

formed. His opinions were always pronounced, were based on 
what he felt to be the truth, and almost always leaned to 
the right. He was by nature a conservative. Furthermore, his 
opinions were carefully thought out, logical, and expressed 
with such force and conviction that only a trained disputant 
and dialectician could hope to cope with him with any de- 
gree of success. His papers read before the Club were eagerly 
anticipated and keenly enjoyed. Humor, learning, and 
brilliancy shared equal honors. 

Singularis, Doctor pergratus, 

Fronte serena, tranquillus, sedatus, 

Blandiloquens et artifex fandi, 

Eruditus, peritus, et mente praegrandi, 

Amabilis vir, veneratus ubique, 

Semper colendus, pol, tibi mihique. 
Ave et vale, O tu gloriose, 
lucunde, urbane, illustris, famose! 

Another memorable meeting of this season was that of 
April 30th when more than a hundred members and guests 
assembled in Recital Hall to hear Roscoe Pound, Dean of 
Harvard Law School, on Another Side of British Cri7ninal 
Justice. Dean Pound became a member in 1910. Clear in the 
mind is the recollection that when the then Secretary ap- 
peared before the Electoral Committee to read Pound's 
application he (the Secretary) remarked almost with awe 
that never before in Club history had such a flattering record 
of scholarly and scholastic attainments, legal learning, and 
success as a teacher been crowded into a single application. 
After graduating from Harvard Law School Pound returned 
to his native State, Nebraska, where he practised law and 
soon became Professor of Law in the University of that State. 
Later he accepted law professorships at Northwestern and 
Chicago Universities. The Club saw almost nothing of him 
for he left at once after joining us to teach law at Harvard, 
where he became Dean of the Law School in 1916. After 
eighteen years of non-resident membership he returned to 
present the only paper he ever read before the Club, the one 

[ 25 ] 

mentioned above. Though past the age of retirement he is 
still moderately active. His name is an honor to our roster. 

Five men of great usefulness in their different spheres of 
activity were removed by death during this 1 927-1 928 sea- 
son. Three of these were resident members at the time of 
their decease, two were non-resident. All were well known in 
Chicago and had filled places of responsibility and honor. 
Louis James Block (i 894-1927) achieved educational fame 
as Principal of the John Marshall High and Elementary 
Schools, where he was held in the highest esteem by teachers, 
pupils, and the community he served. Besides being an ad- 
mirable administrator he was a versatile writer and poet. 
Many of his poems were of a high order of merit, as were his 
various plays and essays. Quite a number of these appeared 
in the seventeen papers he read to the Club. His last contri- 
bution bore the title Five One-act Plays. 

Clarence Augustus Burley, a valued and active member 
from 1877 to 1928, was a solid pillar of the Club at all times. 
During his fifty-one years as a member he not only played an 
important role in Club business affairs but appeared at the 
lectern with papers on a wide variety of topics (ranging from 
Crime to Aesthetic Culture) and as the Leader of Symposia 
and Book Nights, for a total of twenty-six times, an average 
of once in every two years. A member of the Club wrote of 
Clarence Burley, some years before the latter's death, these 
words : 

"He enjoys a well-deserved reputation for impartiality, poise of 
manner, weighty utterance, carefully prepared opinion, fairness of 
attack, and uniform courtesy and kindliness." 

That was true of him to the end. /\fter his death a brief 
memorial said of him: 

"He was a member of many clubs, but his attachment to the 
Chicago Literary Club, and his affection for it, were peculiarly 
marked. He had served as Chairman of all the standing commit- 
tees, and was the Club's President in 1 902-1 903. His papers were 
always well thought out, his discussions, debates and impromptu 

[ 26 ] 


remarks clear, forceful, logical, to the point . . . Those who were 
privileged to know Clarence Burley during his riper years will ever 
carry with them a delightful and wholesome memory of a man of 
calm and unruffled temper, amiable, deliberate, never over-asser- 
tive or opinionated, a well-informed patron of the arts, a wide and 
critical reader, a liberal thinker; in short, a man who lived 'the 
good life' of the true philosopher." 

A member who did the Club a most useful service, namely, 
engineering us into the Fine Arts Building in the spring of 
1910, where we enjoyed comfortable quarters on the tenth 
and eighth floors respectively for nineteen years before mak- 
ing a most unhappy change, was Charles Chauncey Curtiss. 
Mr. Curtiss joined the Club in 1886, but never read a paper 
or attended more than half a dozen meetings during his 
forty-two years of membership. This unusual relationship 
was due to the uncertain condition of his health, which re- 
quired him to spend his evenings at home. But he was a loyal 
member whose great interest in our welfare never lessened. 
His manner was courtly and dignified, never stiff or haughty; 
he was approachable and kindly receptive. One noted the care 
with which he selected his tenants: the story is that he se- 
cured control of the building when it was a warehouse and 
sales room for the Studebaker Wagon Company, and con- 
verted it into a home for artists, musicians, culture clubs, 
and the like, calling it the Fine Arts Building, and insisting 
that his tenants should possess certain aesthetic qualifica- 
tions in order to obtain a lease. The character of the building 
thus established by a sound patron of the arts has continued 
to this present. Mr. Curtiss was our benefactor for many 

Two striking personalities died early in 1928, Louis Free- 
land Post and William Kent. The first thing that comes to 
mind as we who knew him recall Louis Post is that he was a 
"single taxer," a devoted follower of Henry George and ad- 
vocate of the Georgian theories. But he was much more. A 
virile and fearless writer, editor and reformer, who acquired 
his qualifications for these activities the hard way because of 

[ 27 ] 

early educational limitations, he had been first a lawyer, 
serving as Assistant United States Attorney in New York, 
and later running for Congress on the Labor ticket, then be- 
came an accomplished editorial writer, and finally landed in 
Chicago in 1898. There he and his wife edited and published 
that unique periodical. The Public^ for a number of years. He 
joined the Literary Club in 1901. The record credits him with 
eight instructive and entertaining Club papers, the last one 
read in 19 17, when he was living in Washington as Assistant 
Secretary of Labor under President Wilson, a position he 
held from 19 13 to 1921. First, last and always Post was La- 
bor's great friend and stand-by. He died in retirement. 

William Kent lived a strenuous life both in Chicago and in 
California. As a member of the Chicago Common Council for 
two years he stood for political reform, fighting graft and 
dirty politics with great vigor. He was the first president of 
the Chicago Municipal Voters' League. Having returned to 
California in 1907, he represented districts in that State in 
Congress. He was an Independent politically, and a forceful, 
picturesque, not to say picaresque, character. The last paper 
he wrote for the Club bore the title My Political Beginnings. 
It was sent to the Club from California and was read by Carl 
Roden on January 4, 1926. An older paper by Kent, written 
and read by him in 1905, Res Indigestae^ was revived twenty- 
eight years afterwards and read by Wilfred Puttkammer on 
October 23, 1933. 

We ended this outstanding season of 1 927-1 928 with one 
hundred and seventy-five members, a net gain of seven over 
the previous year. The average attendance of members (ex- 
clusive of guests) at each meeting was fifty-one. as against 
forty-one the year before. A crown of wild olive was awarded 
to Francis M. x\rnold, our musical interpreter, for having 
been present at every meeting. 


Chapter VI 

IF ONE were to select a member of this Club as a composite 
typical representative of our ideals, principles and high 
purposes, the choice would rest on a man who has served 
the Club in various capacities officially, has been a steady at- 
tendant for years, has written original papers on divers sub- 
jects, a man with a classical background to his professional 
knowledge, widely informed, and always ready with sound ad- 
vice when asked for it. The Club has had such men in days 
past, and it has them now. We may call them "sustaining 
members." One man of this kidney was President of the Club 
during the season of 1928-1929, Charles P. Megan. His Inau- 
gural address of October 8, 1928 was a keen analysis of the 
unusual will of Dr. Norman Bridge, a wealthy member of the 
Club who had died shortly before. The season offered us 
again a goodly array of exemplary papers. To particularize: 
there was Thompson on Shakespeare and the Politics of His 
Time; Packard on Eugenie O'Neil; Roden on The Epic of the 
Prairie Schooner; Rabbi Stolz on Jewish Classics; Henry P. 
Chandler on Whether and How Can Democracy Attain Intelli- 
gence? (question still unanswered in 1946); William E. Dodd 
on History and Patriotism^ and Norman Hapgood, a mem- 
ber of the Club (i 894-1937), author, editor and scholar, 
whom the Club imported from New York to discourse on 
The Modernness of Shakespeare's Women. There is seldom 
a gap in our list of creditable papers, and there was none 
this year. 

We ended the year, after balancing the gains and losses, 
with one hundred and eighty resident members, five more 
than we had the year before. Two resident members died, 
one of whom was Professor Albert H. Tolman of the Univer- 
sity of Chicago, a Shakespeare expert and President of the 

[ ^9 ] 

Club in 1920-1921. A memorial to Professor Tolman said 
of him: 

"He was an industrious, careful, exact scholar ... a high-minded 
citizen, standing firmly for what he conceived to be right; a friendly 
spirit among his fellow men. We shall not forget the charm of his 
personality and humor." 

Dr. Emilius Clark Dudley was a physician of note in 
Chicago's medical annals. He became a member of the Club 
in 1 88 1. During his membership, broken by resignation in 
1916 and renewed in 1919, he read many papers, his final one 
in 1924 after returning from a trip to China. Shortly after 
that he was obliged to seek a warmer climate because of 
failing health. He died December first, 1928. 

Somewhat amusing is the excuse for resigning given by a 
member with a one-track mind. The Secretary's report of 
May 20, 1929, says: 

"He alleged as his reason for desiring to effect a disjunction that 
he thought the Club papers lacked unity and coordination, mean- 
ing, if we interpret correctly his elaborated and considerably in- 
spissated letter of resignation, that a single theme of political or 
economic interest should be treated by all the essayists, thus afford- 
ing the Club a broad basis for the discussion of a single subject from 
many angles." 

"That fellow evidently doesn't like variegated topics by 
variegated members," was someone's comment at the time. 

We Move Again 

Toward the end of the year mysterious meetings of the 
Committee on Rooms and Finance had been held. What that 
Committee was considering came to light at the meeting on 
May 6, 1929, when President Megan announced an import- 
ant matter of business for immediate attention. The record 
reads thus: 

"Although not a regular business night the question of moving 
to other quarters next year was deemed so important that the 
Directors thought it necessary to have the Committee on Rooms 


and Finance present its report for discussion and action at this 
meeting. Accordingly Chairman Osgood of that Committee re- 
cited the history of the negotiations and finally recommended and 
moved that the Club transport itself to the Medical and Dental 
Arts Club, twenty-second floor, 185 North Wabash Avenue. The 
motion was duly seconded, and with very little discussion carried. 
It was also voted to hold the final meeting of the present season. 
May 20th, in the new quarters." 

We had to move fast to make this change, but under Mrs. 
Green's able superintendence our entire outfit, furniture, 
books, pictures, everything mobile, was freighted across the 
Loop to the Medical and Dental Arts Building, set up in the 
Club room, and ready for the final meeting of the year — a 
notable achievement. This move was precipitated in part 
by what seemed to be a general desire for a change, in part 
by the lure of a much lower rental, which, including the ex- 
penses of transport, would still be less than what we had 
been paying, and partly because the proposed new Club room 
looked wonderfully attractive and convenient when the 
Committee and various members first inspected it. Mr. 
Curtiss' death the year before, and a possible unfriendly 
change of management of the Fine Arts Building may also 
have influenced our decision. x'\t any rate we bade a fond fare- 
well to the Fine Arts Building in our final meeting on May 
13th in Curtiss Hall. At this meeting officers for the follow- 
ing year were elected and Charles D. Lowry read his paper 
on John Rcmkiji^ Black Abolitionist. 

On the 20th sixty-four of us assembled in the new Club 
room, after taxing the elevator service to its groaning limit, 
admired our newly polished furniture, and freshly pur- 
chased (by us) curtains and draperies, and prepared with 
smug satisfaction to enjoy the paper oi the evening, recking 
little of the troubles and petty annoyances that were to beset 
us in the future. Dr. J» Wendell Clark christened the occa- 
sion with his essay Fashion^ requests for printing which were 
sufficiently numerous to justify its appearance later as num- 
ber XXXVII of our published papers. In his annual report 

[31 ] 

that night the Secretary announced a net gain of five for the 
year in resident membership. The evening ended in jubilance, 
and only the Electoral Committee in secret conclave knew 
that a disgruntled and wholly unfit member had been jetti- 
soned owing to the extreme exiguity, which finally reached 
total deficiency, of his dues payments. 

Came the autumn of 1929 and the shattering debacle of 
national and world finance, and of our dreams of a peaceful 
haven of rest and intellectual recreation. With regard to 
longed-for quietude we were speedily disillusioned. What we 
thought after the first two or three meetings might prove to 
be only a minor tribulation, euphemistically so called, be- 
came permanently a major affliction. Cacophony reigned in 
that multisonous hall. Round about us were half-open spaces 
whence drifted in upon us, despite our magnificent heavy 
draperies, splitting earfuls of culinary clangor, disquieting 
applause not intended for us from raucous rioters in noisy 
session, cash register symphonies, the jangling of elevator 
doors at inopportune moments, loud echoes from careless 
footsteps on the stone flagging, and other deafening alarums 
of divers sorts, all most embarrassing to both reader and 
hearer. Our beloved Gallic member, Henri David, was Presi- 
dent of the Club during that frenetic year, a distressing job 
unwittingly wished upon him but faithfully performed. His 
Inaugural address. The Destiny of the Soul, was delivered 
with difficulty. He confessed later to this narrator that he 
had a vivid recollection of shouting himself hoarse that night 
trying to convince us that our souls had not already reached 
their final destination in the Place de V Inquisition, forever 
condemned to bedlam. 

But there were extenuating features to this season. It was 
by no means all gloom and sour disappointment. We tacitly 
agreed to banish Erebus, enjoy ourselves despite untoward 
circumstances, and cultivate that fellowship which is pecul- 
iar to this Club. 

A large majority of the papers read during this season were 
full of literary vitamins. We were well nourished. There was 

[32 ] 

Packard again with a story of travel in the Sahara; Thomp- 
son, who drew a deadly parallel between the Roman Empire 
and America Today; Victor Yarros on Letters and Literary 
Sta7idards in Boiirgeoisia; Edwin A. Munger with a sprightly 
tale of his early days in the country, As Told by the Survivors \ 
Llewellyn Jones on John Dewey's Philosophy; George Marsh, 
whose scholarly papers on early nineteenth century literature, 
and its minor authors in particular, have so acceptably been 
heard on our programs — his topic this time, being Spoon 
River a Century Ago; Dr. Anton J. Carlson on Hunger^ illus- 
trated with charts, and afterwards satisfied at Mrs. Green's 
sandwich table; Dodd on The First Integrated Social Order of 
the South; O. J. Laylander on The Genesis of Pedagese — and 
here we pause for a special comment. This paper was unique. 
It coined a new word in the American language. An educator 
for years, a former school superintendent, and later a mem- 
ber of a school-book publishing firm, "O. J.," as he likes to 
have us call him, has had ample opportunity to become 
familiar with all existing educational theories and methods of 
Schools of Education. His paper excoriates the flummery, the 
excess verbiage, the complicated methodology, the useless 
courses of these Schools. We quote his own words: 

"Pedagese is the verbal coin of the pedagogic cult. It is the jar- 
gon of educational psychology parrots. ... It embraces all the 
mysterious terminology used by the educationists to confound the 
uninitiated and to exalt the leaders above the common herd of 
plain, everyday school teachers. It is the verbal cloak used, not to 
conceal thought, but to cover the hole where thought is not." 

This was a timely message to teachers everywhere. O. J. 
had it printed and distributed it. Some years later he sent a 
copy to H. L. Mencken of Baltimore, and received the fol- 
lowing reply: 

"Dear Mr. Laylander: You are kind indeed and I offer my best 
thanks. Your little essay is a masterpiece and I hope to quote from 
it in my book now under way. 

Sincerely yours, 

H. L. Mencken" 

\32> ] 

Upon the Club, where this novel paper originated, is 
faintly reflected the glory that is O. J.'s. 

In February, 1930, we enticed a distinguished non-resident 
member from New York, William L. Chenery, Editor (now 
Publisher) of Collier s^ to our platform, to tell us about The 
Modern Magazine^ which he truly did to our great enlighten- 
ment. At the next meeting Dr. Luckhardt, of the University 
of Chicago Medical staff, discoursed, with the aid of lantern 
slides, on High Lights and Shadows in the Discovery of General 
Anesthesia. A qualified expert in the field of anesthetics, him- 
self an originator of a new variety, the Doctor gave us a not 
too technical paper that was most informative to those of us 
who were not versed in medicine. An historical document 
that aroused wide interest was Bernadotte Schmitt's Inter- 
viewing the Authors oj the War (World War I), a paper read 
on St. Patrick's Day, 1930, and later published by the Club. 
Schmitt had just returned from Europe where he had had vis a 
vis conversations with the Ex-Kaiser and several other promi- 
nent war potentates. Two papers were our entertainment on 
Ladies' Night, with an audience of one hundred and thirteen 
ladies and members present, one by Clarence Hough, The Wild 
Nineteen-twentieSy the other. The Dreaded Nineteen-sixties^ by 
Morris Fishbein. Since only half the time has elapsed between 
1930 and i960, it is too early to conjecture whether Dr. Fish- 
bein's gloomy forebodings for a period fifteen years hence have 
any chance of fulfilment. A glance at what has happened dur- 
ing the last fifteen years would frighten any ordinary prophetic 
instinct into silence, if not extinction. Before the Ladies' Night 
meeting adjourned a motion was made by Lessing Rosenthal, 
duly seconded, and carried, to the following effect: 

"that the Chicago Literary Club add its petition to the petitions 
of many other bodies and individuals that Congress purchase for 
the United States a well known collection of incunabula (including 
a Gutenberg Bible)." 

Although the Literary Club adheres strictly to its rule 
never as a body to give expression to its views or opinions on 


political or other extraneous matters, or to urge legislators to 
take certain action, in this instance, since the question was a 
purely literary and bibliophilic one, it seemed fitting and 
proper to add the Club's name to this petition. 

A lively little debate on the question of Socialized Medi- 
cine was that between Holman Pettibone and Dr. Reed. 
Each speaker had an evening to himself, Pettibone advocat- 
ing Socialization, Dr. Reed the status quo. The question is 
still a wide open one at this present. 

Willard King's Notes (not mites) on Cheese tickled our 
olfactories by suggestion, and caused us to approach the re- 
freshment table with a discrimination theretofore unexercised 
save by experts. The following Monday night, against the 
usual din, which had become a streperous constant, aug- 
mented by the unrestrained conversations of otologists, 
laryngologists, and various other votaries of Aesculapius 
wandering in and out of our bailiwick supremely indifferent. 
Professor Todd raised his voice and successfully put over his 
sociological essay, Our Vanishing Family. At the next meet- 
ing, on May 12, 1930, after the formality of electing the new 
officers of the Club, expectantly we greeted Chairman Petti- 
bone of the Rooms and Finance Committee, when he rose 
and with ill-assumed gravity announced that he and his Com- 
mittee had made satisfactory arrangements, on the strength 
of which he was able to recommend that the Club move from 
the Medical and Dental xArts Club back to the good old Fine 
Arts Building and into Suite 825 on the eighth floor, on a five- 
year lease. The recommendation was ratified vive voce before 
the President could put the question. Our high spirits were 
tuned just right then to hear John Heath's characteristically 
humorous story on Life at Dear Old Saint Swithin s. Carl 
Roden ended the year's literary program with a "Western," 
Overland Stage and Pony Express. 

It was a case of quitting Bedlam for Beulah Land. No one 
was more highly gratified than Mrs. Green, who had the 
requisite stamina not only to oversee the details of moving us 

[35 ] 

both ways in one year, but also to endure without complaint 
the inconveniences and racket of a kitchen not her own. 

From the outline of the year's program, cited above, it will 
be seen that our papers maintained a high level of human 
interest and literary excellence notwithstanding the sordid 
and confusing environment. Belles Lettres was still quoted at 
par when we got back to our new stockade in the former 
Anna Morgan studio, which during the summer that fol- 
lowed was redecorated and refurnished. Blind Homer's im- 
passive bust occupied its wonted position, our familiar por- 
traits and pictures were hung, our traditional "atmosphere" 
was revitalized. Our gravid fiscus groaned with gold, for, as 
the Treasurer had reported, in the matter of rent alone we 
were twelve hundred dollars in the black (after deducting 
the nominal rental charged us and the very considerable cost 
of moving, much of which had been imposed upon us by the 
powers that were in the Medical and Dental Building), and 
the Great Depression had not yet started the banks on their 
lethal pathway. Our financial condition was sound, and we 
were ready for a new era in the autumn of 1930, under the 
presidency of our well known philanthropist and public 
benefactor, Lessing Rosenthal, whose life, as a member of 
the club, added to his father's before him, as a member, 
spans the entire history of the Chicago Literary Club. Be- 
fore closing the story of this 1 929-1 930 season, we should 
note the loss of two members, Dr. William T. Belfield, who 
died only three days before the season opened, after forty- 
one years of membership, and John D. Wild, whose death 
occurred on August 6, 1929. Both men were closely iden- 
tified with the Club intellectually, and both read papers 
that the Club published afterwards. It may be interesting 
to recall the time when the rules for printing papers were 
formulated. In his history Mr. Gookin states that at a 
certain meeting held during the season of 1 893-1 894 several 
short stories were read, among them David Swing's A True 
Love Story ^ a delicate and amusing satire, and Henry S. 

[36 ] 

Boutell's A Deserted Village. An urgent desire to see these 
two papers in print started the Club in the publishing busi- 
ness; the rules were drawn up forthwith, and these two 
papers appeared in print simultaneously in November, 1894, 
as numbers I and II on our list of Club publications. Dr. Bel- 
field's paper, The Value of Mental Impressions in the Treat- 
ment of Disease, was printed a little over a year later as num- 
ber III on our list. It was Dr. Belfield's first contribution to 
Club programs. (These regulations for printing papers have 
been in effect for fifty years, and have worked fairly satis- 
factorily. Latterly, however, we are discovering that these 
regulations have rusted in a broken mold, and need recasting 
in sounder metal. This parenthetical observation is made for 
whatever it may be worth.) Dr. Belfield's papers were few 
but cogent and practical. He was a clear and forceful writer. 
John Wild's paper, Pseudo-Humanism, was printed in De- 
cember, 1915, and is number XX on our list. He read three 
other papers to the Club, all philosophical in character, for in 
philosophy he was a "natural." Of him James Westfall 
Thompson, a close and understanding friend of many years, 
wrote in a highly sympathetic laudatiofunebris: 

"His human interest in all sorts and sides of things, his keen 
imagination, his cheerfulness made him the soul of stimulating 
friendship. He could be gay without frivolity, he could be serious 
without being solemn. He was interested in men and events, in 
current social and religious problems, in the march of knowledge; 
he had an aptitude for new ideas, a singular freshness and clarity 
of thought. But his private reading and his most serious conversa- 
tion was about philosophy. For he was born with a naturally con- 
templative, reflective mind. . . . He knew the history of philosophy 
not as an amateur but as a scholar." 

Thompson concluded by saying that John Wild, like the 
ancient Stoics, "found in the progress toward virtue a suffi- 
cient end of existence. But his was not an austere, but a 
sunny stoicism that may still be vivid to help in the forward 
groping of humanity." 

[ 37 

Chapter VII 

BACK in Curtiss Hall, our Year of Horror over, we as- 
I sembled on October 6, 1930, eighty-four members and 
eighteen guests, the largest initial meeting in several 
years, to hear Lessing Rosenthal's Inaugural address, Mil- 
ton's ^'Areopagitica\ and the Liberty of Licensed Printings 
received with great favor and applause. This greatest of Mil- 
ton's prose works was carefully interpreted, and shown to 
have been one of the strongest factors, if not the strongest 
factor, in ultimately and permanently establishing that free- 
dom of the Press now enjoyed by our English-speaking 
peoples. Lessing Rosenthal, a veteran of forty-seven years of 
the Club's numerous vicissitudes, down-sittings, uprisings, 
major agreements, minor disagreements, and attempts to 
promote good literature, is an eminent lawyer, conciliator, 
benefactor, bibliophile, a man of a thousand friends. A 
cordial word is always on his lips. His quiet philanthropy is 
widely known. He is a trustee of Johns Hopkins University 
andof the Brookins Institution. His interests are many, ranging 
from higher education and civic welfare to industry and com- 
merce. He has supported generously this Club in all its pro- 
jects and purposes, an ever dependable stand-by. And now 
we greet him as he calls the first meeting in the new rooms 
to order, and gazes upon a decorative transformation effected 
by architect Harry F. Robinson and Mrs. Green, "a veritable 
Victorian vision of simplicity, utility, harmony, and restful- 
ness" (the words of an eye witness, a bit exuberant, but under 
the soft, ceiling-reflected lights, recently installed by Chair- 
man King of the Rooms Committee and by Earle Shilton, the 
rooms did look wonderful). It was home^ exclusively our own, 
until changeless Change should overtake us. Horace aptly 
described the situation in his Carmen Saeculare, when he said: 

[38 ] 


"And now good faith, peace, honor, erstwhile modesty, and 
virtue, long neglected, venture to return, and blessed plenty, with 
her full horn, is here again." 

Edwin L. Lobdell introduced the new rooms to literature, 
in the guise of history, with his Recollections of Fifty-five 
Years in Chicago. These Recollections of our aged and aging 
members, which from time to time are presented for our en- 
lightenment, serve to show that the past, that is, history, 
ancient or modern, is something not to be put aside and for- 
gotten, but something Jiiiman, as much a part of us as is the 
present itself; that humanity is universal. We had an excel- 
lent "run of shad" (to use a piscatorial metaphor) all through 
this season, "choice to good," and all edible. William L. 
Richardson's On Giving One's Self Away, read on the night of 
October 20, before a large audience, was a luminous and en- 
gaging essay by a master of English, That evening, before 
the meeting, Mrs. Green served the first of a series of six- 
thirty dinners for members in Curtiss Hall, an innovation 
that met with instant favor. Dr. Bowman C. Crowell, a 
specialist in tropical diseases, read his first paper before the 
Club on November 10, with general approbation: The JVhite 
Man in the Tropics. That same evening President Rosenthal 
announced a gift to the Club oftwo plaster vignettes oftwo de- 
ceased ex-presidents of the Club, Edwin Burritt Smith (1901- 
1 902) and Clarence A. Burley ( 1 902-1 903) . The vignettes were 
made by the late Louis F. Post, a well-remembered former 
member, and were presented to the Club by Mrs. Post. 
Whither these objets d' art have disappeared, whether the 
friable plaster of their composition could not long endure 
time's inexorable anatripsis, this deponent saith not. Presi- 
dent Rosenthal, on the evening just mentioned also read a 
letter recently received by the Secretary from Alfred Bishop 
Mason, an octogenarian member residing then in Florence. 
The letter was a friendly reminiscence of his early days in the 
Club, a token of continuing interest in our welfare. We may 
remind ourselves at this point that there were two early 


and prominent Masons in the Club, both of our founding 
year, 1874. Edward G. Mason, was in at the very birth of the 
Club in March, while Alfred B. Mason came in in the follow- 
ing November — when we were still in our swaddling-clothes 
era. Edward G. Mason was the first Secretary of the Club 
(i 874-1 876). He died twenty-seven years before the time 
when this present narrative begins. From Edward Mason's 
records, memoranda, and letters Mr. Gookin derived a con- 
siderable amount of material for his story of the Club. 
Alfred B. Mason lived until January, 1933. 

On December first Edward S. Ames' paper. Religious 
Humanism^ a major effort, so caught the fancy of those pres- 
ent that one hundred and five copies were immediately sub- 
scribed for in case the Publication Committee should decide 
to publish the paper. The Committee acted promptly, and 
the paper appeared the following February under the Club's 
imprint with its title shortened to Humanisyn^ pure and 
simple. There is length, breadth, thickness, a uniform solid- 
ity, beauty, in the thought of Edward Ames as expressed in 
the papers he has read to the Club since 1915- Eight of these 
have been philosophical or religio-philosophical in character. 
They have stirred our dormant thought-processes and 
aroused us to think for ourselves on things that in our daily 
routines we are wont to ignore. He balances opposing argu- 
ments and different lines of thought, and leaves one to infer 
his conclusion, or, better, to draw one's own. He is eminently 
fair; his attitude is always unassuming, never dogmatic; 
philosophy is not a one-way street; traffic flows both ways. 
Dr. Ames combines dignity with charm and simplicity. His 
language is clear, unequivocal. He makes one feel (as another 
has expressed it) that the cosmic element is essential to relig- 
ion; that we must learn to get along without using misleading 
terms ; that we should go forward more quickly if men were less 
willing to stand for what they have really abandoned; that 
facing the facts is better than any anodyne and that when we 
manage even in small measure to see life steadily and see it 
whole, there is a kind of deep delight, too deep for words. 

[ 40 ] 


The record states that Mrs. Green was absent that even- 
ing, so could not serve us the customary collation of un- 
needled beer, sarsaparilla, white rock, and ginger ale (we 
were still in the anti-alcoholic period), and the delicatessen 
thereunto appertaining. At any rate we dispersed feeling 
quite euphoric and sublimated. 

Casper W. Ooms proved himself rarely fine as both writer 
and reader with his first paper on January 19, 1931, which 
dealt with D. H. Lawrence: Censored and Unsung. Careful 
reading and research, and an ability to appraise values 
quickly, moulded this paper into a keen critique. 

The much mooted question of Prohibition was in the air 
all over the country at this time; heated discussions pro and 
con were rife. The Club took its full share in the argument. 
It was therefore quite appropriate that we should listen to 
a disquisition on the subject from a legal and fairminded 
point of view. Temperate in thought, habit, and attitude 
Charles Megan was just the man to discuss the Dry Law. He 
settled nothing, of course, but we hearkened interestedly, 
though with our individual convictions unchanged. An- 
nouncement was made on the night of March 16, that Ladies' 
Night would be observed the following week, the 23rd, in 
order to accommodate the speaker. Dr. Preston Bradley, 
who could not be present on the 30th, the night set apart for 
the ladies. It was agreed by unanimous vote at this same 
meeting to set forward one day the March 30 meeting, that 
is, to March 31st, Tuesday, for the put-pose of allowing our 
members to attend a lecture by the English novelist John 
Galsworthy in Orchestra Hall scheduled for the 30th. Dr. 
Bradley gave his audience of more than one hundred good 
listeners in Curtiss Hall his Personal Impressions oj Iceland, 
which he had visited the summer before. Iceland was then 
one of the distant outposts of civilization, but World War II 
has given it a new significance. Preston Bradley came in to 
the Club in 1926. Probably no man in semi-public life in and 
around Chicago is a more familiar figure. Though a man ot 
seemingly limitless physical and mental energy, one wonders 

[41 ] 

how he manages to keep going so successfully in his endless 
activities. Besides ministering to his huge popular church on 
the North Side, and its numerous ramifications, he must re- 
spond continually to calls to the lecture platform, to address 
civic, religious, secular, and various other gatherings, and to 
broadcast on the radio. His moral force has acquired a mo- 
mentum that carries it far. His attendance at our meetings 
has been sporadic because of these endlessly diverting en- 
gagements; but he values his membership and maintains it 

Death deprived us of six members during this season. 
Three were of the very texture of the Club: Edwin A. Mun- 
ger, Clement W. Andrews, and George Herbert Mead.The 
first named enjoyed life — in the fullest sense of those words; 
his disposition was buoyant and cheerful; he had a facetious 
fancy, a friendliness that invited friendliness. He was per- 
sistent in the accomplishment of the ends he had set for himself 
to attain, and with the final results of his life work he was con- 
tent without vainglory. He was a diligent lawyer, and a faithful 
Master in Chancery for twenty years. His religious interest 
was Swedenborgian, the New Church, as it was called. With 
this sect he was actively connected until his death. He lived 
a good and blameless life. His memorialists said of him: "No 
blessing which men crave was denied him" — an exceptionally 
strong statement, but accepted by his friends without re- 
serve. Edwin Munger could truly say with the Psalmist: 

"The lines are fallen unto me in pleasant places; 
yea, I have a goodly heritage." 

His death occurred on September i8, 1930. Six months 
later his son. Royal F. Munger, Financial Editor of the 
Daily News, read his first and only paper. Finance Since the 
World War^ a comprehensive survey made two years after 
the unforgettable deflation-sodden era had begun. 

Clement Andrews was a New Englander from witch- 
haunted Salem, Massachusetts. Boston Latin School and 
Harvard gave him a thorough education. Having specialized 
in chemistry he became an instructor in that branch of 

[42 ] 

science at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Ap- 
pointed to supervise the Institute's library, he soon became 
so interested in library work that he decided to veer into 
librarianship as a career. About that time, 1895, John 
Crerar, a member of this Club, who left us a generous be- 
quest in his will, was founding and endowing a free library 
here in Chicago, the John Crerar Library, now recognized 
as one of the great scientific libraries of the world. Andrews 
was called hither to organize and build up this famous insti- 
tution. His skill and devotion brought great returns. He did 
the Club much durable service on Committees and as Presi- 
dent (1917-1918), and had ten papers to his credit on the 
record. He was one of those whose loss may be accounted 
great. Andrews quickly adapted himself to the rapid pace of 
Chicago life, ate of our local lotus, and made no bones of the 
fact that Lake Michigan breezes were a relief from the noto- 
rious East Winds of the Hub. He died November 20, 1930. 
George Herbert Mead, Chairman of the Department of 
Philosophy at the University of Chicago at the time of his 
death, April 26, 1931, was a gifted and inspiring teacher,who 
offered a wide range of courses covering the entire history of 
philosophy. His general philosophical position was that of 
pragmatism. What better epitaph could he have than the 
words of his close friend John Dewey: 

"His mind was deeply original — in my contacts and in my judg- 
ment, the most original mind in philosophy in the America of the 
last generation." 

Here are three different types of men. This diversity of 
character in our Club membership is one of the structural 
rivets that have contributed to the integrity and soundness 
of our literary craft, and helped to keep it afloat for seventy- 
two years. 

From time of old Monday nights have been sacred to the 
Literary Club, but, as stated above the meeting on March 
31st, 1 93 1, was held on a Tuesday, the previous evening hav- 
ing been given over as a sacrifice to a noted Englishman of 
letters. There was no indication that the sweet savor arising 

[43 ] 

from our altar ever reached his divine nostrils. Toward the 
end of this season there were three contributions of note 
added to our Club literature, all written by men whose useful 
careers have since been brought to an end by death. Some 
Old Eye Doctors and Pseudo-Eye Doctors was the title of Dr. 
Sanford R. Gifford's first paper, read April 6, 1931. It called 
our attention at once to the uncommon qualities of this skill- 
ful and popular ophthalmologist, famous son out of the West 
of another famous eye-specialist, whom the son delightfully 
memorialized in a later paper, Garlic and Old Horse-blankets^ 
published by the Club in 1943. Dr. GifFord had a smooth 
narrative style, unexpected humor bubbling to the surface 
every now and then, that raised an appreciative laugh. His 
second paper, read in 1935, was purely literary and non-pro- 
fessional, Arthur Symons. The Aetiology of a Literary Crush. 
This paper was a striking proof of Dr. Gifford's wide cultural 
background. When he read his final paper on February 14, 
1944 (a reminiscential valentine, as it were). Nasturtiums and 
Stained Glass^ was lurking behind him, though we saw 
it not, for only eleven days thereafter he was gone, a victim of 
devotion to his patients, who were also his friends, and to over- 
work. He had won from us our highest esteem and affection. 
Most untimely seemed his death to us who know not what 
mysterious hand guides the capricious shears of Atropos. 

Henry Horner came into the Club in 1922. He read only 
three papers, all bearing the same title. Restless Ashes. The 
third installment was read on April 27, 1931. Judge Horner's 
memorialists have given us concisely the substance of these 
papers : 

"All described the musings of the dead as from afar they ob- 
served how wondrously their wishes and best-laid plans were 
twisted and broken by relatives, lawyers, and even probate 

In November of the following year Judge Horner was 
elected Governor of Illinois. He then took on non-resident 
status for eight years. His gubernatorial career is so recent as 


to be familiar to all of us now living. He was reelected to a 
second term in spite of his political enemies, but it was a 
stormy term. His personal attention to all the details of his 
office was too much for him. He succumbed to overstrain 
and died October 6, 1940. Though not with us he was of us 
until the end. 

Dr. Irving S. Cutter, the third of the trio mentioned 
above, joined the Club in 1926. The subjects he chose for his 
four papers were strictly Western, the first dealing with an 
historical event, the Yellowstone Expedition^ the second with 
a political event of considerable local interest, The Case of 
the Lincoln, Nebraska, City Council (May 11, 1931), and two 
character studies, Edwin James, Explorer, Botanist, Physi- 
cian, and Charles M. Russell, Cowboy Painter, both read on 
later dates. On Mid-western and Western history Dr. Cutter 
was thoroughly well informed. He was Dean emeritus of 
Northwestern University Medical School, Medical Director 
of Passavant Hospital, a physician of importance and learn- 
ing, popularly known in the city and countryside through his 
Health Column in a morning newspaper, from which he dis- 
pensed medical advice and comment to the multitude. Dr. 
Cutter died February 2, 1945. 

Two men of early prominence in the Club died between 
seasons in the summer of 1 931, William Mackintire Salter and 
Merritt Starr. The few of us who date our membership back 
forty odd years will recall Mr. Salter's personality, a man of 
winning exterior and scholarly mind. Trained for the minis- 
try he released himself from the toils of dogmatic theology, 
and for many years was the Leader of the Chicago Ethical 
Society, a predecessor of Horace J. Bridges, whom our pres- 
ent membership knows more intimately, as he was with us 
until the autumn of 1945. Mr. Salter was also a trained phi- 
losopher. His books, of which he wrote quite a number, deal 
with the Ethical movement and with Philosophy, and were 
widely read. Mr. Salter added lustre to an already brilliant 
assemblage of highly educated and talented members. 

[45 ] 

Merritt Starr's personality stands out in this historian's 
memory like a church steeple in a rural etching. He was 
President of the Club during the season 1910-1911. He was 
not only a lawyer of great ability but a talented and finically 
scrupulous writer. The Secretary remembers sitting with him 
when he was correcting the proofs of his Dante Six Hundred 
Years After. He had rewritten those proofs two or three times. 
When gently reminded that that sort of thing ran up the 
expense of printing considerably, his curt reply regarding 
expense was the same as Farragut's regarding torpedoes. He 
was quick and easy in conversation. When he and Judge 
Brown and Walter Fisher, all equally facile of tongue, met 
at the post-exercises refreshment table and fell into an argu- 
ment, there followed a logomachy that brought a crowd 
around to listen in amused amazem.ent. We can remember 
several such occasions. Starr was forceful, thorough, practi- 
cal. If any one move of his was impractical, it would seem to 
have been his sponsorship of Associate Membership, which 
he conceived, bore and nursed into a By-Law, which for 
twenty-five years has received no attention whatsoever from 
resident members. We have already in a previous chapter set 
forth briefly the story of the genesis and present status of 
Associate Membership. To the few of us who occasionally 
consult our antiquated By-Laws and give them a little 
thought, x'\ssociate Membership seems utterly superfluous, 
an "appendix" that could be excised without loss of "face," 
dignity, or prestige. Of course the three names of Associate 
Members, who have been on this static list for a quarter of 
a century, should remain as long as they live; but to select 
men, no matter how prominent or eminent, who have never 
lived in Chicago, who can contribute nothing to the Club 
(distinctly a Chicago institution), seem.s incongruous, and 
perhaps ridiculous. On our own front lawn awaiting the call 
are giants, knights-errant, literati, scholars, sufficient for 
maintaining a strong resident membership. All honor, how- 
ever, to the memory of loyal and progressive Merritt Starr! 

[46 ] 

Chapter VIII 

"^uspiciis optijnis, Medice Famose, incipit te Giibernatore 
noster Annus LVIIF' 

THUS began the historian's epitome of events, when, 
on his Httle journey through the crisscross by-paths of 
the record, he came to the eighteen hundred and 
seventy-eighth meeting of the Clan, where four score mem- 
bers and guests were assembled in Curtiss Hall to dine and 
hear the Inaugural address of a past master in the gentle art 
of presiding, Dr. James Bryan Herrick. Clio was at his side 
as he told us about Castromediano^ a Forgotten Patriot aijd 
Martyr of the Italian Risorgimento. 

Dr. Herrick's beloved figure, though now not so often seen 
in the Club as formerly because of increasing years, is famil- 
iar to us all, even to our newest members, for the extraor- 
dinary medical reputation he achieved during the long period 
of his activity as practitioner and consultant is still well 
remembered. A member of the Club since 1909 he has seen 
us through good and evil times, one of the latter being the 
year when he was President, and when we and the world 
were in the very heart of the Great Depressiojj. According to 
the record Dr. Flerrick has read eleven papers before the 
Club on assorted subjects, historical, medical, rurally remi- 
niscent, autobiographical. His two or three medical papers 
were exegetical essays, clear, simple, non-technical. IFhy I 
Read Chaucer at Sixty aroused considerable wonderment in 
the minds of many, chiefly his colleagues in medicine, that he 
could ever find time, even more have the inclination, to 
delve into unintelligible (sic) fourteenth century poetry; but 
the Doctor merely snorted, said he had given his reasons, 
which were valid enough, and — he is still reading Chaucer 
at eighty odd. 

[47 ] 

Dr. Herrick's autobiography, charmingly read, was se- 
verely handicapped by adverse meteorological conditions. 
Here is a part of the record under the date of January 30, 


"Arrangements had been made for a Ladies' Night Dinner at 
the Chicago Woman's Club on East Eleventh Street. One hundred 
and sixty-two reservations had been made. Early that morning a 
violent blizzard visited Chicago and continued unabated until mid- 
afternoon. Fifteen inches of snow fell accompanied by a high wind. 
Traffic was badly jammed, streets and walks were impassable for 
hours. The meeting, however, was not cancelled. A hardy few, mem- 
bers and their ladies, braved the storm, enjoyed a good dinner, and 
listened with delight to The Story of a Good Boy by James Bryan 

That was a memorable storm, a veritable "Norther" 
straight from the Arctic Tundra. It retarded locomotion but 
quickened the spirits of the minority that made the grade. 

Dr. Herrick had the happy faculty, when presiding, of 
saying the right thing at the right time, gracefully and 
featly. His little introductions, comments, obiter dicta, in 
smoothly flowing words, usually with a light touch of humor, 
were a real feature of that year's meetings. 

At this point it may be well to record what happened to us 
financially in the early summer of 1931, a few months prior 
to the opening of the fifty-eighth season. The Treasurer 
wrote in the record as follows: 

"On the eighth of June, 1931, the bank containing the Club's 
cash funds closed its doors. The Treasurer was away at the time in 
the East and did not return until the end of the month. Acting un- 
der instructions from the Chairman of the Committee on Rooms 
and Finance the Treasurer sold one of the Club bonds, one thou- 
sand dollars, at a premium of five and one quarter per cent and 
accrued interest. With the proceeds of this sale a new account was 
opened at the First National Bank of Chicago." 

Dividends of thirty-five per cent on the amount impris- 
oned in the defunct bank were paid to us within a year by 
the Receiver. All together, including a final dividend paid in 

[48 ] 

JAMES B R \' A N H E R R 1 C K 

December, 1945, we have received a little over fifty-five per 
cent. Those were parlous times, as we remember only too 
well. The interest on some of our bonds was defaulted, and 
the bonds lay dormant for a considerable period, but in time 
became salable. Other bonds with gilded edges were called 
at a good premium. In the long run the Club suffered 
comparatively little financial damage, thanks largely to a 
strong finance committee, and to the nation's recuperative 

It was in this depressive period of June, 1931, that the 
death occurred of a long-time potent member, whose impor- 
tance to the Club, as a writer and loyal supporter was more 
than ordinary, Sigmund Zeisler. He came into the Club in 
1893. He wrote with vigor and a full understanding of what 
he was writing about on such contrasted subjects as the 
Oberammergau Passion Play and the imaginative Mysterious 
Case of Kasper Hauser. But the present generation will re- 
member him best for his story of the famous (or notorious, if 
you will) trial of the so called Anarchists. 

Mr. Zeisler was an active participant in that trial as a 
member of the counsel for the defense, the unpopular side. 
It is a dramatic tale he tells; the progress of the trial he re- 
hearses in detail, and an unprejudiced reader must admit 
that the case he makes for the defense is a strong one. We 
have stated before that this paper was so well received and so 
highly regarded as a historical document that the Club voted 
promptly to publish it. Nearly six hundred copies were 
printed and distributed to members. Mr. Zeisler was engaged 
in writing the life of that talented, and Chicago's own, 
musician, Fannie Bloomfield Zeisler, when death overtook 
him. Two chapters of this work he read before the Club. They 
constituted his last offering. We might add that Sigmund 
Zeisler, at the time he read his Anarchist paper, was the sole 
survivor of all who took an active part In that trial. 

A very special occasion was Ladies' Night, November 30, 
1 93 1. The Secretary extended himself somewhat when he 


wrote the account of that red-letter evening in the Club 
album. His comments, if any, are usually brief. List ye: 

"It was an enthusiastic, appreciative audience in high spirits. 
Professor Harvey B. Lemon of the Department of Physics of the 
University of Chicago was the reader of the evening, his subject 
being Albert A. Michelson, the Man and the Man of Science. After a 
proper and humorous introduction by President Herrick, the reader 
held the rapt attention of his audience with a significant appraisal 
of the great physicist, and an exposition of his accomplishments, at 
once sympathetic, emotionally restrained, and literary. ... It is to 
be noted that after the reading members and guests lingered longer 
than is their wont on Ladies' Nights. The atmosphere was one of 
cordiality and good feeling, due in no small measure to the quality 
of the paper and to its felicitous rendition. It was a happy crowd. 
Dr. Herrick was a genial and busy host. Ralph Clarkson, the artist, 
had placed two portraits of Michelson on the stage and arranged 
the lighting of them. Mrs. Green served refreshments to more than 
one hundred and sixty persons." 

That was only one of the Club's many "high spots," 
which we touch not infrequently because we have men with 
a long reach. 

We have as yet said nothing about our long-established 
Book Nights. These are an important feature of our pro- 
grams. In the early days of the Club there were Conversations 
and Symposia on certain evenings, generally conducted by a 
Leader, who introduced a topic, and then called upon various 
members for their individual views, or else turned the meet- 
ing into a free-for-all discussion, which often became a rather 
warm affair. Out of these somewhat informal occasions was de- 
veloped the more formal Book Night. On the prepared pro- 
gram appeared the name of a Leader for a given date. It was 
his duty to find two or three other members who volunteered 
to select books of sufficient worth to justify a written review. 
The names of these books and their respective reviewers 
would then be printed on the announcement card for the 
given date. The Leader would preside, announce each re- 
viewer, and read his own review last. This has been the cus- 

[ 50] 

torn for many years. As a rule we have only one Book Night 
a year, but at times there were two. These are profitable 
occasions. The reviews, carefully prepared, enable other 
members to acquire a fairly definite idea of the quality and 
scope of the book under review, and to determine its worth 
for ownership. Each review is timed to be read in about 
fifteen minutes, in case there are four reviews, and in twenty 
minutes in case there are three. Let us look at a typical Book 
Night. The reviewers are trained connoisseurs of books, 
skilled in the fine art of winnowing the wheat from the chaflT, 
straining the whey from the curd, and obtaining a digestible 
concentrate. The time is December, 1931. The books were 
timely then, and still deserve a place on the front shelf of 
your library. Willard King is the Leader. He introduces 
Charles Megan, who presents Willa Gather in her Shadows 
on the Rock. Victor Yarros follows with Bernard Shaw's Cor- 
respoyidence with Ellen Terry. The gist of James Harvey 
Rogers' America Weighs Her Gold is then given by Casper 
Ooms. And last of all comes the Leader with an analysis of 
The Epic oj America by James Truslow Adams. It is an hour 
of distilled information, pleasant to the taste, stimulating to 
book-lovers, which we all are — or are supposed to be. To re- 
view a book properly and intelligently is no easy matter. It 
requires both literary skill and literary acumen, besides a 
general knowledge covering a wide field. The Club has been, 
and still is, fortunate in having men of this caliber, such men, 
for example, as those named above, John M. Cameron, 
William Lee Richardson, Carl Roden, George Utley, George 
Packard, Theodore Buenger, Irwin Gilruth, and others, one 
and all of whom are good M. B.'s — Masters of Bookishness. 
The general economic prostration of the early thirties had 
just about reached its nadir as the new year 1932 swam into 
our ken. Financial distress was general. Even Club dues were 
a burden to some of our members who were caught in the 
pecuniary vise. One evening about mid-season the Club 
Directors met and "voted to instruct the Treasurer to sus- 

[ 51 ] 

pend the dues indefinitely of members known to be in finan- 
cial straits and unable to pay." This relief was duly adminis- 
tered, and the Treasurer's recollection is that in nearly every 
instance the amounts suspended were ultimately repaid. But 
our individual financial troubles were as naught compared 
with the scintillating program of that year: Dr. Reed's 
Forest Phantasms, Irving Pond's circus paper, Hold Your 
Horses, the Elephants are Coming!, George Halperin's initial 
Russian paper Gogol, Henry P. Chandler's The State as 
Parens Patriae, Galla Placidia by Theodore Buenger, Uncle 
Americus by George Powers, Madame de Sevigne by John 
Cameron, Professor Todd's A New Critique of Cant (requests 
to publish were numerous), and several others of homo- 
genized Grade A rating. Unique was Lewis Stebbins' "//" a 
Man Die, Shall He Live Again,'' a paper based on a question- 
naire sent to the members of the Club to obtain their per- 
sonal views of the question. The paper was mimeographed by 
the author and distributed to members two weeks later. At 
the final meeting of the year Ernest Zeisler read his first con- 
tribution to the Club, a paper on Causality. This brilliant 
young author's papers, six of which he has read since his ad- 
vent in the Club, bear on their face his ideograph: a shining 
shield embossed with a figure of Minerva holding a scroll on 
which appear the words Logic and Reason. At the desk, with 
a lightning-like gesture, he opens a hermetically sealed can, 
pours out the highly condensed contents, and anon we are 
deluged with a shower of syllogisms, causes, efi^ects, pure and 
false reasoning, and all the other paraphernalia of the logi- 
cian, before we can get our umbrellas up. To the nimble- 
witted his essays are delightfully diaphanous. 

It had been a season of financial anxiety for most of us. In 
his report at the last meeting the Secretary, somewhat too 
sententiously and sentimentally, as this recorder thinks, 
philosophized as follows: 

"We have steadfastly gone on our literary way, pursuing our 
ideals, and turning — at least once a week — from sordid things to 

[ 5^- ] 

things incorruptible, which as Tully once said, 'are the food of 
youth, the consolation of age, the ornament of prosperity, the com- 
fort and refuge of adversity.' Adversity has been a blessing to us, 
for we have attended our meetings this year in larger numbers, as 
the figures show, than heretofore for some years. Be it said, how- 
ever, sotto voce, that we are not praying for a continuance of ad- 

Professor Harvey B. Lemon became the sixtieth president 
of our tight little democracy, and was inaugurated on 
October 3, 1932, in Curtiss Hall. We listened with close at- 
tention to his exposition of Cosmic Rays, and went as far as 
our lay minds could go toward understanding that mysteri- 
ous force, about which the speaker said physicists knew but 
little. We were still holding our larger meetings in Curtiss 
Hall; in late October on Ladies' Night Judge Holly addressed 
an audience of one hundred and twenty on the topic, A For- 
gotten Governor, namely, John P. Altgeld, the first Demo- 
cratic Governor of Illinois elected (1892) since the War 
Between the States. Rabbi Louis L. Mann read his first and 
only paper, A Study in the Philosophy of Doubt — What the 
Disbeliever Believes, which held our thoughtful interest. Ow- 
ing to the exigencies of his position as the head of a large 
congregation, as a lecturer, and civic worker, Rabbi Mann 
felt obliged to sever his connection with us in 1936. It is a 
matter of regret that we had nothing more from his potent 
pen. Just after the election in November, 1932, the Club 
voted that 

"the Secretary be instructed to convey to the Hon. Henry Horner, 
our fellow member, the Club's congratulations and felicitations on 
his recent election to the Governorship of Illinois." 

This was duly done, and two weeks later the Secretary 
read to the Club Governor Horner's gracious acknowledg- 
ment. A piece of excellent writing was Pierce Butler's The 
Ancient Books of Wales. Butler's special field was librarian- 
ship and old-book lore. Prolonged applause greeted the 
speaker at the close of his reading. A trinity of Book Nights 

[ ^Z ] 

featured this season — something unusual, since, as we have 
already seen, two Book Nights per annum have been the 
rule (latterly only one). At the Book Night meeting of 
December 12, 1932, the author oi Remakers of Mankind, Mr. 
Carleton Washburn, was present in person, and heard his 
book reviewed by Theodore Buenger. The other two Book 
Nights fell on February 10 and April 13, 1933. Edward 
Thomas Lee, founder and Dean of the John Marshall Law 
School, joined the Club in 191 5. He was always loyal to our 
traditions and faithful in discharging his obligations. His 
papers, not many in number during the twenty-eight years 
of his membership, were either legal or historical, as a rule. 
On January 14, 1933, he gave us his Reminiscences of Fifty 
Years, a rich assortment of episodes and experiences, unique, 
varied and various, a human document, spiced with dashes 
of a characteristic dry wit, for which he was well known. 
Dean Lee's health failed in 1943, and his death occurred in 
December of that year. Other papers of this season that left 
their favorable impress on our memories were John Nuveen's 
Jesse James was a Piker, Carl Rinder's Hew to the Viands, 
Let the Vita?nins Fall Where They May (his first), Irving 
Pond's What is Modern Architecture? , and Charles Yeomans' 
Gloria in Peristalsis, a paper that kept the audience in a state 
of continuous mirth, and for printing which many requests 
were signed. There were also Harry Robinson's The Master 
of Gunston Hall, Frederick Andrews' A Hoosier Sunset, Leon- 
ard Hancock's Servants of the City (the obligations — not to 
call it slavery — of a public School principal), Byers Wilcox's 
Mysticism in Modern Science (his first), and Arno Luck- 
hardt's An Adventure in Science. In vogue at that time, 
established a short time previously, was the custom, eventu- 
ally to lapse into desuetude, of awarding a medal, jovially 
called the High-Cockalorum-Kudos medal, to the member or 
members who had achieved a one hundred per cent attend- 
ance record for the season. It so happened that this lofty 
honor was conferred upon the same two members who had 

[ 54] 

won it the year before, namely, Irving K. Pond and Harry S. 
Hyman. At the end of the year we had only 158 members. 
Resignation, transfer of residence, and death had been most 
unkind. William Lee Richardson, one of our choice littera- 
teurs, retired to Hingham, Massachusetts, where he wrote 
and taught, under the burden of failing health until his death 
in 1940. James Westfall Thompson accepted a professorship 
in the University of California at Berkeley; Seargent P. 
Wild went to Vermont and is now city editor of a daily news- 
paper; and Henry Horner established bachelor's quarters in 
the Governor's mansion at Springfield, Illinois. Three mem- 
bers died in 1932, two between seasons in the summer, and 
one in December. Martin A. Ryerson maintained his mem- 
bership in the Club for forty-one years, but took almost no 
part in Club affairs. Small wonder, for his outside interests, 
business, philanthropy, trusteeships, were so large that his 
time was constantly at a premium. As a Trustee for years 
of the Art Institute of Chicago, he established and gave to the 
Institute the famous Ryerson Library of art; he was a mem- 
ber, and for many years president, of the original Board of 
Trustees of the University of Chicago; he was one of the in- 
corporators of Field Museum of Natural History, and he 
gave to the University of Chicago the Ryerson Physical 
Laboratory. These were only a few of his many activities 
and benefactions. A man of this stamp who values his mem- 
bership, though an inactive one, sufficiently to preserve it 
intact for four decades, is distinctly an asset to the Club. 
Jesse M. Owen was with us for only a few brief years, but, 
a gentle soul and a thorough scholar, he left his mark in the 
form of three impressive papers, two of which are especially 
to be remembered, his Landmark in Early Irish Literature ^ and 
his John Woolman and Quakerism in the American Colonies. 
We received eight new members that season (four of whom 
are still with us). As the record saith: "They were cordially 
welcomed to our fellowship and to our three and two tenths 
per cent, refreshment table." 

These were portentous times. Hitler's shrill yapping was 
beginning to be heard across the Atlantic; Huey Long, like a 
boa constrictor, was squeezing Louisiana to death; Franklin 
D. Roosevelt's torpedo chaser was showing its lights on the 
horizon; and John M. Cameron was elected President of the 
Chicago Literary Club. 

1 56 

Chapter IX 

1% yf'R. CAMERON'S Inauguration in Curtiss Hall on 

October 2, 1933, was celebrated by a horrible din of 
raucous human voices, drums, bugles, and brass 
bands. But we members were innocent of evil intent; we had 
planned no such welcome. The racket came from Michigan 
x^ venue, where the "Forty and Eight" Parade of the Amer- 
ican Legion (in Chicago for its annual convention) had 
formed, and was wasting its energy in a peaceful but tumul- 
tuous riot of noise. 

By crowding together after the dinner in the rear of the 
hall, we managed to hear fairly well ex-President Lemon's 
introduction of his successor, and the latter's address. An 
Ancierjt Wonder JVorker. This was the first and only occasion 
in Club history, in so far as this recorder wot, when a Club 
president's reception was accorded the honor of a torch-light 
procession and the blare of trumpets. Mr. Cameron con- 
jfessed that he was quite overcome by such a spontaneous 
political demonstration. 

One week later George Halperin read his second paper on 
the great Russian writers, this one being Dostoevsky. This 
paper, and two read subsequently, on Tolstoi and Turgenev 
respectively, as we write are being printed by the Club under 
one cover as Number XLIX of our Club publications. As was 
said in the announcement of this brochure, "These studies 
are well written, comprehensive, sympathetic, informative." 

Dr. Frederick C. Test's papers are always interesting. 
Very much so was his Historic Halts, read on November 6. 
In this paper the author "deceptively and artfully hung 
on the old Trip-to-Hades peg his presentation of famous 
and infamous historical characters with well known physi- 
cal deformities." 

[ 57 ] 

Earle Shilton's first paper on November 13, Old T/^Wdr, was 
a real "western" thriller, a dramatic story of the author's 
experiences in his early days in the far West. Shilton's con- 
tributions — we have had six of them, and anticipate more of 
them with zest — always make us sit up and listen. His is 
virile writing, lively, shot through with humor. Leaders and 
Wheelers, another exciting tale of the West, followed in 1936. 
Most of us will not forget his three latest papers, Blight 
(1939), God's Country (1941), and Gentleman Farmer (1944). 
The first named was an expert realtor's tragic survey of the 
numerous areas in Chicago that have fallen into decay and 
disrepute; the second was the story, vividly related "with a 
sweep and a swing," of a farming experiment out on the Great 
Plains; the tale was rich in humor and racy incident. This 
was a Ladies' Night paper before a highly delighted audience. 
Gentleman Farmer (the tribulations of an absentee farmer) 
was the author's Presidential Address in October, 1944. 

Two Book Nights and two so-called "Classics Nights" 
were special features of this 1 933-1 934 season. A "Classics 
Night" is an evening given over to the rereading of a paper 
written and read years before by a former resident member, 
now non-resident or deceased. On December 18, Frederic A. 
Delano's Authority and Responsibility, read by the author 
before the Club in January, 1910, was read again by Casper 
W. Ooms. And on January 29 Paul V. Bacon's essay on 
Leonardo da Vinci, read originally by the author just twenty- 
three years before, was read by Llewellyn Jones. Both auth- 
ors are still living at this writing, one in Washington, D. C, 
the other in Boston. Paul Bacon's essay was memorable for 
the care and thoroughness with which he portrayed the great 
artist and engineer. 

Other noteworthy papers of the year were the aged (87) 
George E. Dawson's Reminiscences, which commanded our 
profound respect. Mr. Dawson lived about a year and a half 
longer, just long enough to participate in Henry Wolf's dis- 
tinguished Octogenarian Dinner on March 11, 1935. Mr. 

[ 58 ] 

Dawson died in the following August. Dr. Arthur J. Cramp 
gave us another of his "Pink Pill" papers. He was an expert 
on pseudo-medicine and patent remedies, and scored both 
with telling effect. 

Dr. Reed's Sieur de St. Denis, and Jallot His Valet de 
Chambre, was one more of his historical treatises, that called 
for well-deserved applause. George Bowden's Politics was a 
keen comment on the current political situation; and George 
Marsh's The Boswelling of Boswell, like all his essays, was a 
delight to hear. 

Came the second of April, 1934, and our Celebration of the 
Sixtieth Anniversary of the Founding of our Club. We gave a 
dinner to ourselves at the Woman's Club on East Eleventh 
Street, and eighty-seven of us were there. We call upon the 
written record for further details: 

"President Cameron presided and opened the post-prandial 
exercises with appropriate remarks. He then called upon Mr. Fred- 
erick W. Gookin, Secretary and Treasurer of the Club from 1880 
to 1920, who told us something about events and members of 
former years. The President then asked Mr. Casper W. Ooms of 
the Program Committee to read an address delivered before the 
Club by the First President of the Club, Dr. Robert Collyer, at the 
First Club Dinner held in June, 1874. This address, an important 
historical document, was greatly enjoyed and much appreciated 
for its still timely significance after sixty years of change and 
growth. This reading concluded the exercises. It had been planned 
to have present as Guest of Honor, Hon. Franklin MacVeagh, the 
Club's oldest member (97), and the only surviving Charter mem- 
ber; but at the last moment he was obliged to remain at home, de- 
tained by the infirmities of age. At the speaker's table besides the 
President, were five of our older members: George Dawson, George 
Packard, Frederick Gookin, Frank J. Loesch, and Irving Pond. 
A telegram of regret was received from Cyrus H. McCormick." 

Franklin MacVeagh lived only three months after this 
sixtieth anniversary. He was quite active during the early 
days of the Club. The record states that he read nine papers, 
his latest and last being his Inaugural Address as President 
in October, 1906, when we began holding our meetings in the 

[ 59] 

Orchestra Hall Building on Michigan x'\venue. MacVeagh 
was U. S. Secretary of the Treasury during President Taft's 
administration, 1909-1913. The Club saw very little of him 

Godfrey Eyler's Waldemar papers, rich in spontaneous 
humor, and vastly entertaining, autobiographical and inti- 
mate, have been marked additions to our Club Library of 
Wit and Humor. The first of these papers we heard in 1927, 
the second in 1934, and two more were to follow in three and 
six years respectively. It is to be hoped that Waldemar has 
not drained his recollections dry. 

Ambassador William E. Dodd, at home on a brief vacation 
from Berlin, honored us with a visit at the meeting on April 
23rd, 1934, and listened to a paper by one of his former 
colleagues, James Westfall Thompson, now also a non-resi- 
dent member, on The Libraries and Book Trade of Ancient 
Rome. Book-making and Libraries, ancient and modern, were 
among Thompson's special subjects of research. This paper 
was to be his ultimate contribution to our Club programs, 
for, as previously stated, he died in California in 1941. A 
week later Howard Eldridge read a paper, A Glance at Speng- 
ler, which was far more than a mere Glance \ it was in reality a 
condensed, thoughtful, and philosophic review of Spengler's 
Der Untergang des Abendlayides. Eldridge had the mathe- 
matical mind to understand and interpret this extremely 
difficult book. 

Two men of very strong character, but differing widely in 
temperament and education, were lost to us during this sea- 
son of 1 933-1 934. They were, Arthur John Mason, a natu- 
ralized Englishman, and Paul Shorey. We have already paid 
tribute to the latter in these pages. Arthur Mason joined us 
in 191 1, and was a faithful member for twenty-two years. 
His papers were not many, but were written and delivered 
with spirit and enthusiasm. An engineer, inventor, philan- 
thropist, he will be remembered by those who knew him well 
as a man of the strictest integrity, of eagerness to accomplish 


whatever scheme or purpose was in his mind, of forceful 
leadership, of wide interest in human and humane affairs, of 
keen and active intellect, full of the zest of living, a man 
whose friendship was a valuable asset to those fortunate 
enough to possess it. We ended this season with 156 resident 

The awarding of the High-Cockalorum-Kudos medals for 
perfect, unadulterated, individual attendance came as a sur- 
prise of the first magnitude. Two weeks before the end of the 
season it was evident to the Secretary that the same two 
men who had won the honor twice before were set to win it 
a third time. So the Secretary had applied to the august 
Finance Committee for an appropriation to purchase two 
gold (Mex.) medals for these triple winners. Somewhat 
grudgingly the Finance Committee (as is its wont in the mat- 
ter of extraordinary expense) granted the appropriation. But 
— eheu, nos miseros! — it was discovered at the final meeting 
that there v^tvQfour others who had also won the honor! This 
was an anticlimax of the first water. Two medals certainly 
could not suffice for six winners; accordingly, the six had to 
be content with having their names read, and a summa cum 
laude conferred upon them collectively. During the time 
when it was customary to report the number of meetings 
attended by individual members, this was the only occasion 
when there were more than one or two one-hundred-percent- 
ers. The six winners were, including the two who had al- 
ready won twice, namely, Irving Pond and Harry S. Hyman: 

"Our ever-faithful and efficient President, John M. Cameron; 
Mrs. Mary Green, who feeds us so richly from week to week, re- 
stores our lost hats and umbrellas, and removes the ashes and 
other debris of our orgies; our President-elect, Henry M. Wolf, 
whose future herculean job he is already entering upon with en- 
thusiasm; and the Secretary." 

At the end of this most interesting year we applied a fig- 
urative stethoscope to ourselves, found that we were sound 
in wind and limb, and acknowledged with satisfaction the 

[ 61 ] 

removal of legal restrictions on potent beverages. Now those 
who so desired were able to look upon spiritus Jrumenti when 
it was amber — or white (mule) — with a conscience void of 
offence and with unfelonious interest. 

The "reign" of Henry IV (Wolf) began de facto on October 
8, 1934. (He had been Ruler de jure since the previous May.) 
Before going farther we may as well state who the antecedent 
Henry's were: Henry I (Huntington), 1 883-1 884; Henry \\ 
(Freeman), 1 898-1 899; and Henri Troisieme (David), 1929- 
1930. (We have also a goodly list of Charleses, Edwards, 
Jameses, Georges, and Johns on our list of King-Presidents, 
but as this is not a history of royalty, we are concerned for 
the present only with our kindly and efficient "Henry IV.") 

We met for the usual Reunion and Dinner at the Woman's 
Club on Eleventh Street. (At that time the Woman's Club 
was observing its strict rule of total aridity. Later on, as will 
be duly related, we held our Reunions and Ladies' Nights 
where our palates and thirsts could be appealed to and 
quenched, respectively, more in accordance with the desires 
of the majority.) At the close of the dinner President Wolf 
issued his first "edict" in the form of certain Suggestions, 
which were read and received with applause. They were: 

i) The names of newly elected members shall be printed on the 
postcard notice of the first meeting following their election. 

2) Each newly elected member shall be generally introduced by 
one of his sponsors at the first meeting he may attend following his 

3) Because of the care that is exercised in the selection of new 
members, each member of the Club shall be deemed to have been 
introduced to each other member of the Club. Accordingly, it shall 
be regarded as good Club practice for everyone attending a meeting 
to speak to any other person attending the meeting, regardless of 
whether there has been a formal introduction or not; and the same 
custom shall apply to guests of members. 

The spirit of these suggestions has been followed, if not 
the letter. President Wolf's Inaugural Address bore the title. 
And Who Was Townsend Harris? In his twenty-nine years of 

[ 62 ] 

H E X R \' M I L T () X WOLF 

membership Henry Wolf contributed only two papers (this 
Inaugural was his second and last), but his interest in the 
Club was always so Intense, and his nature so generous, that 
his connection with us was of inestimable value. In October, 
1935, just a year after the date of Mr. Wolf's Inaugural, the 
then President of the Club, George Utley, read an "Appreci- 
ation" by William E. Dodd, a sort of Oratio Funebris, of 
Henry Wolf, which we shall record in these pages farther on. 
This season of 1 934-1 935 developed a number of literary high 
points reached by several readers. All the papers were excel- 
lent, but we mention only those that particularly Impressed 
us and elicited more than perfunctory applause. There was 
Irving Pond's Just One Thing after Another; George Pack- 
ard's Jean Nicolet and His Discovery of Lake Michigan; 
Bernadotte Schmitt's The War — Twenty Years After ^ for 
printing which there were many requests; Harry F. Robin- 
son's paper on William Lloyd Garrison, entitled / Will Be 
Heard; Edward S. Ames' A Critical Constructive View of Re- 
ligion; A Spiritual Autobiography, requests for printing which 
were numerous; Marcel Proust, by Henri David, published 
by the Club one year later; More Summers in a Garden by 
Dr. Herrick (enthusiastically received); Charles Megan's 
To Have and to Hold; Professor Arthur Todd's A Bundle of 
Myrrh (like all his papers a gem of thought and of composi- 
tion); Dr. Test's Hedgeway Rambles (illustrated with pic- 
tures); George Powers' The Daring Dane; Through a Glass 
Darkly by Anan Raymond; George Halperin's Tolstoi; and 
Walter Llewellyn Bullock's The Poetry of Gabriele D'Annun- 
zio. This was Professor Bullock's final paper and appearance 
before the Club, for thereafter he was leaving the Chair of 
Italian Language and Literature at the University of Chi- 
cago to accept a similar professorship In the autumn at the 
University of Manchester, England. Bullock, English born 
but educated in the United States, taught large classes suc- 
cessfully at the University of Manchester both before World 
War II and for four years of it. During the War he was 

[ 63 ] 

called upon for special war work, one of his tasks being to 
act as a sort of liaison interpreter between groups ofCI's" 
and English "Tommies," explaining to one group the lin- 
guistic peculiarities and manners of the other. He died in 
February, 1944, from overwork and exposure, while fulfilling 
some special mission. 

There were three unique meetings during the season under 
review, for the uniqueness of which three causes were respon- 
sible, namely, meteorological conditions, a different environ- 
ment, and coincidence. Our Booknight fell on December 10, 
1934. That afternoon between four and seven a highly local- 
ized and violent blizzard swept down on the city, contrary to 
weather predictions. Coming as it did during the closing 
hours of business, it naturally created an intense desire to 
reach home on the part of all who were not already there, and 
once there to remain. As a result the attendance at this meet- 
ing was the smallest on record, only a brave sixteen being 
present, which included the three reviewers, the President 
and Secretary. Only seven of these sixteen are resident mem- 
bers today; four are non-residents, and four are dead. We 
might add that Mrs. Green, anticipating the usual large 
attendance on Booknight, had prepared her "snack" accord- 
ingly. Most of it went begging, and had to be given away to 
the needy. The second unique meeting was held in Room 133, 
Eckhart Hall, University of Chicago, on March 25, 1935. 
Room 133 was the Physics Laboratory and Lecture Room of 
the University. We listened first to a short lecture by Pro- 
fessor Hermann L Schlesinger on The Production and Use of 
Scientific Talking Pictures. This was followed by Talking 
Movies illustrating a) Molecular Theory, b) Sound, q)Acous- 
ticSy d) Energy and its Transformation, and e) Electricity. 
This sort of thing was quite new in the annals of the Club, 
and the fifty-five members and guests who were there were 
fully alive to its importance. 

April 29, 1935, was the third unique meeting. The year 
1935 celebrated the two thousandth anniversary of the birth 

[ 64] 

of the Roman poet Quintus Horatius Flaccus. By an unusual 
coincidence tlie reading of a paper on Horace {How Old is 
Horace?) by the Club Secretary on this Ladies' Night hap- 
pened to fall on the occasion of the two thousandth con- 
secutive meeting of the Chicago Literary Club. This meeting 
was held in the Zeisler Room of the Chicago Woman's Club 
at 72 East Eleventh Street. 

The "most unique" (if we may be allowed in this one in- 
stance that exuberantly redundant and impossible phrase) 
meeting of this season, and perhaps of many seasons, was the 
Complimetitary Dinner, on March eleventh, 1935, at the 
Woman's Club, given to the members of the Literary Club 
by President Henry M. Wolf, in honor of the Club's six 
Octogenarian members, who were seated (with one exception, 
namely, Mr. Joseph Adams, who was in Florida) at the head 
table with the President. These six were: 

Mr. John J. Glessner Born 1843 

Mr. George E. Dawson Born 1847 

Mr. Joseph Adams Born 185 1 

Mr. Frank J. Loesch Born 1852 

Mr. Frederick W. Gookin ..... Born 1853 

Hon. Charles S. Cutting .... Born 1854 

All five seemed to be in fairly good health except Mr. 
Glessner, aged ninety-two, who was quite feeble, but had 
made a supreme effort to attend this meeting despite his in- 
firmity. Three of these six died within a year; a fourth sur- 
vived for thirteen months, and two lived eight and nine 
years longer respectively, Joseph Adams and Frank Loesch. 
All six were long-time members and constituted a group of 
ancient and honorables, the like of which the Club had never 
seen before. A.t the close of the dinner President Wolf eulo- 
gized the Octogenarians (humorously alluded to later by 
Judge Cutting as the "Octoroons") and introduced them in- 
dividually. Appropriate responses, interspersed with flashes 
of wit, were made by the five, all still mentally alert. The 
Secretary read a letter of regret from Joseph Adams, the 

[ 65 ] 

missing Octogenarian; also a letter of regret that he could not 
be present from Lessing Rosenthal, and a telegram of con- 
gratulation from James Westfall Thompson of Berkeley, 
California. The regular paper scheduled for the evening was 
then read by Professor Marcus W. Jernigan on New Dealers 
and Social Planning During the American Revolution. Seven- 
ty-eight members responded to Mr. Wolf's invitation to 
attend this exceptional occasion. President Wolf attended 
only three more meetings after this. Early in April he was 
taken ill, never recovered, and died June 4, 1935- 


Chapter X 

^T THE first meeting of the Club on October 7, 1935, 
/-\^ George Burwell Utley became the sixty-third Presi- 
-^ -^ dent for the sixty-second season. (The apparent dis- 
crepancy is due to the fact that there were two presidents for 
the season of 1 896-1 897.) After the usual dinner (we were 
still meeting on special occasions at the Chicago Woman's 
Club) President Utley made appropriate allusion to the 
recent death of Henry Wolf and then read the following in- 
formal communication from our William E. Dodd, U. S. 
Ambassador to Berlin. The Club voted to have this Appre- 
ciation spread on the minutes of this meeting. This was done. 
Your historian hereby transcribes the document in its 


I became rather intimately acquainted with Henry Wolf the 
evening when I read my first paper before the Club, October 28, 
1 91 2. The subject was the puzzling American leader of Civil War 
times, Robert J. Walker. [See Chicago Literary Club Publications, 
No. XIV.] As the Great War came on, and the changes of our 
economic relations with the world were evident to all, we had many 
occasions for intimate exchange of our views. He was more sympa- 
thetic with Germany than I during those days, he of a German 
family, I a student at Leipzig about 1900. As Woodrow Wilson de- 
veloped his world peace and freer trade policy, we came almost to 
agreement. At the same time Mr. Wolf developed an intense inter- 
est in College and University education, and was generous enough 
to give the History Department of the L^niversity of Chicago one 
thousand dollars a year to support a Chicago Fellowship in German 
Universities. It was a most stimulating gift, and a number of very 
able young scholars and teachers in our country were set upon their 
careers in this way. Spending some months in Japan while Edgar 
Bancroft, a member of this Club, was U. S. Ambassador in Tokyo, 
Mr. Wolf became so interested in Far Eastern life and politics that 

[ 67 ] 

he gave the History Department thirty-five hundred dollars a year 
to help establish a Chair for the teaching of Chinese-Japanese his- 
tory; and Professor Harley F. McNair came to the University of 
Chicago as a result. There was never a hint from the donor that the 
Chair of Far Eastern History should bear his name, though I feel 
now that such a reminder of Mr. Wolf's generous interest in the 
University of Chicago ought to appear in the catalogues. Although 
I do not know the exact terms of his now famous will, I am con- 
vinced that the University was not forgotten. 

When I left Chicago in June, 1933, our friend showed a troubled 
interest, and we talked over certain problems more than once. He 
was a little doubtful then of my happiness in the troubled realm 
of Europe; but his generosity toward distressed Germans was equal 
to his generosity toward the History Department. When I saw him 
again in the spring of 1934, our interests were the same as they had 
been for years, and he seemed so well that my former uneasiness as 
to his health almost vanished. And a little later I learned of his 
election to the presidency of our beloved Literary Club, and I ex- 
pected to see him and meet with the Club in January, 1935. Un- 
fortunately I was seized with Influenza about the middle of the 
month, our whole family similarly ill, and I was unable to visit 
Chicago. It was one of the great regrets of my life. In June, 1935, 
the sad news of his death reached me here (Berlin). A twenty-five 
year friend had passed away. He was an honest, able, and frank 
lawyer of high attainments, and I think his life and work will long 
be remembered in the Club and in our city. His gifts and his will 
are marvellous reminders to men of wealth how much one may do 
for the advancement of the fortunes of his fellows and his people. 

At the request of President Utley the members stood in 
silence while the Secretary read the names of the four mem- 
bers deceased since our May meeting: Francis M. Arnold, 
George E. Dawson, Otto L. Schmidt, and Henry M. Wolf. 
The President then read his Inaugural essay entitled, An 
American Collector and His Bagy an account of the life of 
Edward E. Ayer and his fine collection of Americana, arti- 
facts and books, now in the Field Museum and the Newberry 

During the summer of 1935 our Club Rooms had been en- 
larged by the addition of an extra room, which made for much 
greater convenience. 

The outstanding papers of this season, besides the Inau- 
gural address, were these: Petronius^ by Theodore A. Buen- 
ger, an account of the life and works of the famous Roman 
Arbiter; Ze'itoiin^ by Dr. Percival Bailey; A Lawyer Looks 
at Life^ by George Packard; Arthur Symons. The Aetiology of 
a Literary Crush ^ by Dr. Sanford R. Gifford; A Modern Aspa- 
sia^ by John M. Cameron; A Literary HoaXy by Ward E. 
Guest; A Doctor Looks at Communism ^ by George Halperin; 
A Predatory Prince^ by Dr. Charles B. Reed (the Prince being 
a black wolf of the North Woods, whose history was fascinat- 
ingly told in vivid language) ; The Mystery of Lights by Har- 
vey B. Lemon; The Arithmetic of Choice^ by Billy E. Goetz 
(his first paper before the Club); Going West to the East, 
Ladies' Night address, March 30, 1936, at the Woman's 
Club, by Bernadotte E. Schmitt; Black and Ta?j: the Ja- 
maican Melange y by John R. Heath; A Domestic Tragedy 
(previously mentioned in this history), by Frank J. Loesch; 
Tolerance, by Judge William H. Holly; and the final paper of 
the year, Hugo Grotius, whose great treatise on International 
Law is his chief claim to fame, by Casper W. Ooms. 

At the close of the exercises on this last evening of the sea- 
son. May II, 1936, a resolution was offered to the effect that 
the Club consider holding its Annual Reunion at some place 
where members, who wished, might have beer, wine, or cock- 
tails with the dinner. The resolution was carried by a re- 
sounding viva voce vote. 

Walter L. Fisher, who has been mentioned before in these 
pages, a member of the Club for forty-four years, died on the 
ninth of November, 1935. At the meeting on December 
second, a memorial to Mr. Fisher was read by Judge Cutting. 
We quote the following excerpts : 

This Club has lost in the death of Walter L. Fisher one of the 
most brilliant and powerful men that have ever joined its ranks. 
He was our President for the season of 1913-1914. . . . He was a 
lawyer of distinction, and as the wielder of a logical, vigorous, well- 
stored wit, he probably had no equal at the Chicago Bar. His 

[ 69 ] 

strongest weapon was a satirical sting with which he clothed his 
unusual faculties of analysis and elucidation. . . , Those of us, how- 
ever, who were in a position to know him in his less tense activities 
will always recall with delight the exercise of his striking store of 
accurate information that his unusual memory swung into action 
to the discomfiture of those who ventured to disagree. He was as 
skilled in playful dialectics as he was in the serious business of his 
profession, and with quite as much success. . . . This Club mourns 
with everyone in Chicago capable of intellectual appreciation, the 
passing of this valiant, honorable, able, and outstanding man. 

Walter Fisher was Secretary of the Interior under Presi- 
dent Taft, and many of us recall his connection as "expert- 
extraordinary in the tangled traction and railway terminal 
affairs of this community." It seems quite probable that two 
of the most powerful intellects the Club ever had were those 
of Paul Shorey and Walter Fisher. Their temperaments were 
very different — Shorey 's was gentler, Fisher's more violent; 
but both were men of facile wit and astounding memory, and 
invincible in argument. Verily eo tempore erant gigantesl 

On January 13, 1936, after the exercises, many of the 
members, in response to an invitation read by the Chair, 
went into the Cordon Club adjoining our rooms to view an 
exhibition of paintings by Mrs. Irwin T. Gilruth, the wife of 
our esteemed member. We were received most cordially by 
the artist and admired her work. 

Frederick William Gookin died on January 17, 1936. He 
was eighty-three years old. He joined the Club in 1877, so 
was thus a member for fifty-nine years. The service he ren- 
dered to the Club during that period of nearly three score 
years cannot be evaluated in concrete terms, for it was a 
great and invaluable service, beyond normal estimate. He 
was elected Secretary and Treasurer of the Club in 1880 — we 
may say that he was Executive Secretary — and for forty 
years was the Club's pilot, guiding the Club safely through 
its adolescence to maturity. All his records are marvels of 
accuracy and penmanship. He was an artist not only with the 
pen but with the brush. For many years he embellished our 

[ 70 ] 

Club publications and the Yearbook covers and pages with 
designs of his own, no two ever alike, both in black and in 
colors. They were truly works of art. He was a man of wide 
culture, though not a college graduate. His early banking 
experience, and the diligent cultivation of his natural artistic 
ability made him a notable authority in finance and art criti- 
cism. He wrote and read before the Club twenty-one papers, 
most of which dealt with either finance or art. His last paper 
was read to the Club in 1927. 

Mr. Gookin's crowning achievement was his History of the 
Chicago Literary Club, covering the Club's first fifty years. 
This was a monumental piece of work, that could have been 
done only by a man thoroughly familiar with Club affairs to 
the last detail, who preserved a huge file of correspondence, 
enjoyed intimate personal relations with the members, and 
was blessed with an accurate and retentive memory. He writes 
with deep feeling, touched at times with emotion, of mem- 
bers and events of the early years of the Club, That early 
period, the first twenty or twenty-five years, let us say, was 
characterized by many more conspicuous happenings than 
were the next twenty-five. Small wonder that Mr. Gookin 
laid special stress on those formative years of rapid juvenile 
growth, of strain without and within, of futile but humorous 
attempts to entertain visiting English dignitaries, of the 
necessity of moving Club headquarters every little while. 
But the years grew quieter, bizarre events ceased to occur, 
and Mr. Gookin apparently sensed the fact that the Club 
had reached maturity, and had settled down to its real busi- 
ness of cultivating belles lettres. The final paragraph of his 
Foreword is just as true today as it was when he laid down 
his pen: 

"The personnel of the Club is of course constantly changing 
from natural causes, yet the Club itself has changed little, if any, 
as the years have slipped by. The distinctive character that was 
given it in the beginning has always been maintained. New mem- 
bers take the places of the old but the Club remains the same." 

[ 71 ] 

The greater part of Frederick Gookin's life was the Chi- 
cago Literary Club. His Fifty-year History alone confirms 
this statement. 

At the final meeting of the Club on May ii, 1936, the 
annual report said: 

"Retiring President Utley has been faithful in attendance and 
in the discharge of all his duties. It may safely be said that the most 
hazardous feature of a presidential regime, next to preparing the 
Inaugural Address, is being regularly present. This obstacle has 
been but a low hurdle for the highly esteemed occupant of the Chair 
this past year." 

The same report also let drop the following general obser- 
vations for the purpose of allaying certain misunderstandings 
and fears that had arisen on the part of our newer members 
regarding taking part in the exercises: 

"It may be well to remind ourselves i) that it is a distinct honor 
to be elected to membership in this Club; 2) that the Club does 
not consist of a Doctor Johnson and a handful of stooges; 3) that 
participation in the exercises is purely voluntary, that is to say, 
an invitation to contribute is not to be construed as a royal 
mandate, but to be accepted only at the convenience of the mem- 
ber invited; and 4) that the Club thus guarantees the freedom 
of each member, freedom of action, freedom of speech, freedom of 

The sixty-third season opened on October 12, 1936, under 
the most favorable auspices. Our affairs were in strong exec- 
utive hands, hands familiar with the requirements and obli- 
gations of the presidential office. The Chair was well endowed 
with dignity, wit, and the gift of winged words. The Program 
Chairman was suffering from an embarrassment of riches: he 
had more voluntary contributors on his hands than there 
were dates to be filled! And, quite as important as anything 
else, we were gathered where total siccity did not prevail, 
namely, at the University Club at Michigan Avenue and 
East Monroe Street. (This was in accordance with the resolu- 
tion passed at the last May meeting.) It was a highly agree- 

[72 ] 

able and most acceptable change. An excellent dinner with 
wine and a cognac cordial was served in the College Room on 
the eighth floor. President Irwin Thoburn Gilruth, after be- 
ing introduced by ex-President Utley, made an appropriate 
speech of acceptance, and then called on John M. Cameron to 
read a memorial to the late John J. Glessner. This was a 
beautiful tribute, beautifully written. Mr. Cameron was one 
of our best artists in words and phrase-making. President 
Gilruth's Inaugural bore the title, The Last of the Victorians^ 
a dissertation on Kipling. It was unanimously agreed that 
this Reunion was far more delightful than any other in recent 
years. Others of the same kind were to follow in the future, 
and in the same place. 

The literary high spots of the year were numerous. There 
was Wilfred Puttkammer's Princes of Thurn and TaxiSy the 
story told in the author's smooth and lucid style, of "the 
creators of the postal system as we know it today, the origi- 
nators of the organized, systematic, regular transportation of 
mail nationally and internationally." It was a bit of valuable 
history dug up out of a field little known to most of us. The 
paper was printed and published by the Club in 1938 as 
Number XLI of our publications. Then there were ^ Unique 
Gift by Louis M. Sears (a non-resident member), Professor 
of History at Purdue University; a discussion of the Railroad 
Problem by Ex-president of the Santa Fe Railroad, William 
Benson Storey, a quiet, modest man of high reputation, 
whom we respected and admired; and Henry Barrett Cham- 
berlin's Reminiscences of a War correspondent^ an account of 
his exciting and dangerous experiences in the Spanish War of 
1898. A large audience heard this thrilling story. Three years 
later we heard the sequel to this paper, an equally hair- 
raising tale. Mr. Storey died in 1940, and Mr. Chamberlin in 
1 941. Both were men who had lived fully and richly. At the 
meeting on November 9, 1936, two members, Dr. C. B. 
Reed and Henri David, both ex-presidents of the Club, were 
chosen as delegates to attend a Dinner on November 18 to be 

[73 ] 

given in honor of our fellow member, Carl B. Roden, for 
many years Librarian of the Chicago Public Library. 

A few other papers of the year deserving of more than 
casual mention were: Snappers up of U?iconsidered Trifles by 
George Marsh (one of this learned author's numerous snappy 
titles, under which he successfully screens his theme) ; Arctic 
Knight Errarit by Charles Yeomans; The Horatian Trail by 
Stephen E. Hurley, a keen thinker and excellent speaker, 
whose private collection o^ Horatian a, by the way, is perhaps 
the largest in the country outside of the Congressional 
Library; A Rebel Against Reason (Bergson) by Theodore 
Carswell Hume, a brilliant young preacher and philosopher, 
who was shot down in 1942 by an enemy plane on the North 
Sea while on his way to Sweden as a delegate to a religious con- 
ference; and Dean Edward T. Lee's A Chapter in United States 
History y which the author published in brochure form later, a 
copy of which is in our Club collection in the Public Library. 

One of our very largely attended Ladies' Night meetings 
was the one held March 29, 1937, at the Woman's Club. One 
hundred and sixty members and lady guests sat down to an 
excellent dinner at seven o'clock. The main dining room was 
filled to capacity; many members had brought three and four 
lady guests. President Gilruth called us to order at eight 
o'clock, the audience arranged itself to listen comfortably, 
and the Speaker of the evening was introduced. Dr. Anton 
J. Carlson, well known Physiologist and Scientist of the Uni- 
versity of Chicago, whose somewhat startling paper was en- 
titled Black Oxen and Toggenberg Goats. The speaker began 
at once to rip open, expose, ridicule and refute all the theo- 
ries and experiments hitherto made involving attempts by 
pseudo-scientists and charlatans to bring about human reju- 
venation. The lecture was forthright, purely scientific, 
illuminated with humor, prudery-shaming, philosophical, 
fact-exposing. It was received with applause, especially by 
the younger generation fresh from school and college to 
whom the scientific facts set forth by the speaker were noth- 


ing new; and with weaker approval by some of their elders, 
who were as yet not fully conditioned to the constantly 
broadening dissemination of biological knowledge. 

Eighteen new members were admitted during this season, 
the largest number in many years. Our resident members 
numbered one hundred and fifty-eight. The deaths of four 
men should be mentioned here: Charles S. Cutting died in 
April, 1936; Edwin L. Lobdell in May, 1936; Cyrus H. 
McCormick in June, 1936, and Paul Steinbrecher in January, 
1937. Judge Cutting and Edwin Lobdell had been members 
for a quarter of a century and served the Club well. The 
Judge had a fine sense of humor and a genial presence. Mr. 
McCormick, though inactive in his later years, had kept up 
his membership for fifty-five years. Paul Steinbrecher, a 
successful business man, a prominent civic worker for polit- 
ical and social betterment, always found time for mental im- 
provement, was a discerning reader, and acquired a wide 
knowledge of books. Though with us but a short time he so 
endeared himself to his fellow members that Mr. Cameron 
said of him in a brief memorial: 

"That for which he will be longest remembered, and most great- 
ly missed, was the charm and the friendliness of his personality, 
and his genuineness, his sincerity, and his personal worth," 

an epitaph of which any man might well be proud. 

As a colophon with which to end this pleasant and profit- 
able season may we quote the words of the immortal Marcus 
Tullius as written in his De Deoriim Natura: "Life is sus- 
tained by three things: food, drink, and the spirit, that is, 
the mind." This Club has all three of these things; Mrs. 
Green and the Fiscus furnish the first two, the members the 
last named, the spiritus, that intangible thing — call it what 
you will, the soul, the intellect, that mysterious quality with- 
out which a Literary Club would be but a collection of witless 
wights, alive but wholly non-noetic. 


Chapter XI 

ORANGE JUDD LAYLANDER, familiarly and best 
known as "O. J." to all of us, graced the Curule 
Chair for the season of 1 937-1 938. This genial and 
generous gentleman, endowed with a lively and non-caustic 
wit, had made arrangements some months before for holding 
our Annual Reunion and Dinner on October 1 1 at the Chi- 
cago Athletic Club's palatial quarters, 12 South Michigan 
Avenue. "O. J." was a man of ripe years and experience, de- 
voted to the Club, and possessed of a youthful spirit and zest 
for life, undaunted by whatever might happen, a "contented 
man," as he liked to call himself. We met, one hundred and 
eleven of us, in the banquet hall of the Athletic Club. The 
flowers and liquid refreshment were furnished by the new 
President as a thank-offering to Flora and Bacchus. It was a 
sumptuous dinner, after which President Laylander, duly in- 
troduced by his predecessor, delivered his Inaugural Random 
Shots. These hit the mark with such frequency as to arouse no 
little merriment. Enthusiasm and good feeling were rampant. 
In a world of flux, at a time when all things, domestic and 
foreign, economic and political, seemed to be at sixes and 
sevens (the second global war was in the making but not yet 
visible), the Club made its way unostentatiously, gracefully, 
profitably, creatively through its sixty-fourth season. We 
heard a series of papers of a high order of literary merit, 
papers intelligent, intelligible, entertaining, instructive, 
scholarly, such as we had learned to expect from our mem- 
bers. The President set a precedent in the matter of intro- 
ducing the speakers. Being a "natural" in wit and raconteur- 
ship, he always had at his immediate command a pertinent 
bor2 7not (at times an unvarnished mot de risque)^ which put 
the audience in good humor, and gave the reader an oppor- 


tunity for a "comeback," if he had one — which was not 
often. This habit enlivened many a meeting. On the eighth 
of November, 1937, Henri David read his eleventh paper be- 
fore the Club, Casanova, a large audience, eighty-two, being 
present. M. David's papers always attract a crowd of eager 
listeners. His themes are almost wholly French, French writ- 
ers, French historical events, French life, and are couched in 
flawless English, though he knew no English when he came 
to this country about the end of the last century. His achieve- 
ment in the linguistic line has been most remarkable. He is 
thoroughly versed in French literature. He carries over into 
his English the Gallic charm of the best French writers. 
Until his retirement a few years ago he was a Professor of 
French at the University of Chicago. He joined us in 191 5, 
and has contributed fourteen delightful papers. Mention has 
already been made of his Motoring with Belphegor and his 
presidential address at the beginning of that heart-sinking 
year in the Medical and Dental Arts Building. He bore up 
well under that ordeal, which must have been more difficult 
for him than for the rest of us. M. David is a lively and en- 
tertaining conversationalist, well informed on literary and 
political subjects. For over thirty years he has been an orna- 
ment to this Club. We are proud of him. Three of his best 
papers have been published by the Club: Flaubert and George 
Sand in Their Correspondence (No. XXXII), for which, for a 
long time after, there were frequent calls from booksellers; 
Marcel Proust (No. XL), and La Douceur de Vivre, on the 
Reign of Terror (No. XLIII). 

Dr. Morris Fishbein, well known editor of the Journal 
of the American Medical Association, a member for nearly 
twenty-five years, expounded to us in November of this sea- 
son the evil methods of quackery in a paper. Modern Medical 
Charlatans. Dr. Fishbein keeps himself informed on up-to- 
date illegal medical practice just as he does on legal. 

Dr. Chauncey Maher's first paper, read in January, 1938, 
proved him to be an artist in depicting rural life. He told us 

[77 ] 

the story of a little town in Southwestern Illinois, where he 
had lived as a boy, and drew the picture with such simple 
lines and clear perspective that the memories of many of us 
who had had similar associations with country villages in the 
days of our youth were vividly stirred. Dr. Maher gave us 
two other papers later, the third, Louie, the simple story of a 
"village quean", told with delicate matter-of-fact-ness and 
verbal artistry. 

Death came on December 6, 1937, and claimed John 
Maxcy Zane in California. He joined us in 1905, resigned 
later, and rejoined us in 1935. Oratory is No More was his 
swan song to the Club in April, 1937. This was a peculiarly 
fitting subject for Mr. Zane since he cherished a great fond- 
ness for the Roman and Greek orators and poets and read 
them constantly and familiarly in the original. His paper was 
a lament that such men were no longer to be found among us 
in these latter days. Mr. Zane had won for himself an en- 
viable position in the practise of law, and was the author of a 
widely read legal treatise. He was also well versed in modern 
literature. He was an avid collector and connoisseur of fine 
and rare books, and for several years had been and was at 
the time of his death President of the Caxton Club, the un- 
identical twin of the Chicago Literary Club. 

There was a goodly number of papers read during this sea- 
son by members who had already proved themselves distin- 
guished writers. At this point they need not be mentioned, 
for lo, are their names, titles and dates not duly inscribed, 
with comments here and there, in Volume X of the Records 
and Proceedings of this Club? Seven new members were 
taken into the Club during this season, among whom and 
still with us as active members, were Bertram J. Cahn, 
Nathan S. Blumberg, and David S. Oakes. Anticipating a 
little, we may remark that the paper. One Sixth of a Dozen, 
read by the last named, to the Club in 1944, was one of the 
wittiest papers we ever listened to; it kept us rocking in our 
seats with laughter. There were three resignations: men who 

[ 78 ] 


lacked the cranial fortitude to maintain their interest, and 
could not acclimate themselves to our rarefied atmosphere. 
Two good men were transferred to the non-resident list: Dr. 
Henry C. A. Mead (son of our Professor George H. Mead, 
named heretofore in these pages), who was called to the 
Johns Hopkins Hospital in Baltimore, and Llewellyn Jones, 
journalist, bookman, and literary critic, who was quite sud- 
denly called to Boston in April, 1938, to assume the chief 
editorship of the Christian Register y the official organ of the 
x-^merican Unitarian Association. 

Furthermore, it must be recorded with regret, two mem- 
bers, whose qualifications for membership were of the best, 
dismembered themselves by permitting their economic in- 
terest in the Club to reach the zero level of their personal in- 
terest. At the business meeting held January 24, 1938, the 
following amendment to the By-Laws was proposed by 
Willard King, at that time Chairman of the Committee on 
Rooms and Finance, namely, that the figure "seventy-five" 
in section 6, Article III, be changed to "sixty-five" so that 
the latter part of section 6 shall read thus: 

". . . and provided further that in the case of members who have 
been enrolled for twenty years or more and are in good standing 
and have reached the age of sixty-five years, the payment of fur- 
ther dues by them shall be optional on their part." 

Due notice of this proposed change was mailed to members 
and at the next business meeting on February 21 the amend- 
ment was adopted by more than a two-thirds vote of the 
members present and voting. 

Rethumbing the pages of this season this historian repents 
his decision to omit further mention of papers in the upper 
bracket of excellence. Two are worthy of a word of special 
praise which can be given without prejudice or doing violence 
to the others. These two are Harry F. Robinson's Precursors 
of Mark T-n'ain and the final paper of the year. Collectivism^ 
by Billy E. Goetz. There were many requests that the former 
be published; it was a grand piece of laborious research, 

[79 ] 

a contribution to pre-Clemensiana of no inconsiderable 
value to literary historians. Collectivism was a well-equal- 
ized and dramatic presentation of two opposite points of 
view; the arguments were so well balanced that it was 
difficult to choose between them. It high-lighted the end of 
the season. 

About this time the work of Lin Yutang, the popular 
Sinologue, was much in vogue and provoking much discus- 
sion. The attention of the Club was called to one of his books 
in which he had classified the present generation of mankind 
into the herbivorous and the carnivorous, the former being 
sweet-tempered, the doers of things, the creative artists, the 
latter being the opposite. Someone remarked incidentally in 
casual conversation that if that classification had a grain of 
truth in it, then the Literary Club must be wholly herbivor- 
ous, for were we not all creative artists, and did we not come 
hither hebdomadally to graze on choice literary herbage for 
a fumid and soporific hour? Yes, interposed another some- 
one, but when yonder curtain is drawn at the end of a cud- 
chewing hour, does not grass-cropping then lose its attrac- 
tiveness, do the fleshpots of the Nile not beguile us, and 
does not the dormant carnivorous instinct assert itself as 
we line up with drooling lips at the snack table? Where- 
upon the second someone recited in a tone of finality these 
unpremeditated lines: 

Here live we well and scarcely know 
The wide world's constant ebb and flow; 
Here grass is green, the herbage lush, 
Strong waters gurgle, bottles gush; 
We feed our minds on chlorophyll. 
On chives and chard and pungent dill; 
We feed our maws on fowl and fin, 
On sugar, fats, and protein. 
We are the perfect syncretist, 
To whom both hay and flesh are grist. 
I think that Lin Yutang would say 
The golden mean is the natural way. 

[ 80 1 

The first someone said he quite agreed. 

Dour-faced Anxiety bestrode a world steadily becoming 
more threatening and certainly much smaller as George IX 
{ne Linnaeus Marsh) assumed the crown and scepter on 
October lo, 1938. Adolf Schicklgruber, the miraculous up- 
start, was firmly seated in the German saddle; six months 
before our annual reunion he had annexed Austria, and as we 
foregathered was taking over the Sudetenland; universal 
hegemony was clearly his goal. Europe was aflame and the 
sparks were falling on the other nations of the earth, already 
dry as tinder. "Amid the confused voices of the world's 
ignorance and sadness," to which we listened for the next 
half dozen years, what do we, the Literary Club, do? We 
must find consolation somehow; compensation must be 
sought for our utter loss of confidence in what the late and 
much lamented "B. L. T.," a Chicago Columnist of renown, 
was wont to call "the w. k. human race." We resort to our 
Ivory Tower, leaving our sordid shoes of trouble at the door, 
don the robes of the human spirit blithe, and give ourselves 
over for a brief hour to meditation on the finest and greatest 
things of our inheritance. Our Committees on Exercises 
rarely fail to provide us with spiritual nourishment to meet 
our individual tastes, from the thick and heavy roast to the 
nuts and raisins. During this season of 1938-1939 our pro- 
gram ranged from President Marsh's gently flowing This 
Other Eden^ Demi-Paradise, his felicitous Inaugural, to Ern- 
est Zeisler's severe critique of the famous (in his own circle) 
French mathematician, Evariste Galois, read at the final 
meeting in May. We concluded that the writer of this bril- 
liant paper was not in agreement with M. Galois in many 
respects, but not being at all familiar with higher math- 
ematics, we hardly understood the grounds for disagreement. 
But a spicy argument, tinged with a soup^on of vitriol, and 
couched in the King's English was good to hear and helped 
us, as we faced a five-month vacuous vacation to forget that 
"der Fuehrer" was careering more madly than ever on his 

[ 81 ] 

wreckage-strewn, carnage-stained way, and about to under- 
take his nefarious invasion of Poland. 

Irving K. Pond read his twenty-sixth and last paper be- 
fore the Club in October, 1938, Do Children Think? It was 
autobiographical, a careful analysis of his own psychology 
and mental growth. At the time of his decease, which oc- 
curred within a year after reading this paper, the unbroken 
tenure of his resident membership was longer than that of 
any other surviving resident or non-resident member, with 
only one exception in each list. He wrote much, easily, clear- 
ly, entertainingly, precisely on architecture (his profession), 
art, and general topics of human interest. The literary and 
professional facets of his mind shone with equal brilliance. 
Acrobatics was his hobby, in which he had been proficient 
from his youth up, and of which he was a profound student 
until his death. He was personally acquainted with most of 
the "rhythmic" artists in all the large circuses and carefully 
studied their methods and movements. The results of this 
study, combined with his expertness as a draughtsman, en- 
abled him to prepare a paper for the Club, A Day Under the 
Big Top: A Study in Life and Art (published by the Club in 
1924 as Number XXXIII of our publications), that was a 
work of genius. It was a scientific analysis and study of the 
art and rhythms of acrobatic performance, signally illus- 
trated with elaborate figures and designs by the author. 
Irving Pond was devoted to the Literary Club, and proved 
his devotion by constant and regular attendance year in and 
year out. For several seasons he never missed a meeting. He 
was a conversationalist of the first order. His opinions were 
strongly held, but we respected them though we could not 
always accept them. He joined the Club in 1888, and was our 
President for the season of 1 922-1923. One of the strongest 
pillars of the Club broke and fell when Irving Pond answered 
the call of Death. 

No novice at writing or in delivery but merely making his 
first appearance before the Club on October 31st, 1938, was 

[ 82 ] 


Dr. Ralph W. Gerard with his The Shears of Atropos^ a story 
of personal experience, a remarkable escape from death by 
plague. It held us spell-bound. Two other papers of singular 
merit have come from his pen since then, Unresting Cells^ and 
Ola, the latter a clear-cut delineation of a shrewd type of 
Vermont Yankee, now becoming scarce, with whom the au- 
thor had had many dealings and conversational bouts — a 
tale of great charm. Another new member. Professor D. Roy 
Mathews, also made his initial appearance at our lectern, on 
February 27, 1939, with an historical paper, French Exiles 
and English Relief, that evidenced no little research and was 
received most favorably. His second paper. Generals and 
Geographers, was read in 1943; it dealt with geopolitics, a 
novel topic arising from the War. 

Still another new member in his first appearance before us 
on March 6, 1939, gave us a wonderful evening of pleasure 
and instruction, Tappan Gregory with his The Camera's 
Catch of North American Wild Animals (illustrated), a run- 
ning talk on his own photographs of animals from moose to 
mice taken by set cameras and flashlights. A year later we 
were favored with his Eze, on the Corniche, and two years 
later with his The Black Sox, the sinister story of corruption 
in professional base ball, and in 1943 with his The IVhisper of 
the Guns. 

Outstanding papers of this 1 938-1 939 season (every sea- 
son has them for that matter) were many, done by the tried 
and true who are never found wanting — their experience 
guarantees an acceptable and often perfect product, but as 
most of these authors and their work have already received 
comment in these pages, we must turn to other matters, 
pausing, however, for a moment to say that Bernadotte 
Schmitt's resume of the period From Versailles to Munich, 
igi8-igj8, was another masterly historic document, for the 
publication of which there were many requests; and that 
Charles Megan's Murder in the Tower, the latest develop- 
ments by research in the story of the two young princes, 

[ 83 ] 

was published by the Club in 1940 as number XLII of the 
Club publications. 

Between May 1938 and May 1939 death removed from us 
three valued members, Samuel John Duncan-Clark (June 12, 
1938), Homer Hunt Cooper (January 28, 1939), and John 
McRae Cameron (Janury 2, 1939). The loss of these mem- 
bers brought us acute sorrow. A Committee, with George 
Packard as Chairman, appointed by the President to prepare 
a suitable memorial to Mr. Cameron, read its report on 
February 6, 1939. This little summary is so appropriately 
done that we are fain to quote here some of its phraseology: 

"John McRae Cameron was one of the finest characters and best 
loved men that ever graced our Club's presidential chair. In his pro- 
fession he attained most of the possible honors, and was President 
of the Chicago Bar Association in 1924. . . . He possessed an in- 
flexible character, relieved by a trenchant humor, was an omniv- 
orous reader, and his mind and intellectual sympathies were always 
on the alert. . . . This Club knows well the literary acumen shown 
by his many papers. He was well known as a writer and speaker on 
public affairs. A fine and loyal citizen, he could be counted on in 
any emergency. Mr. Cameron knew not how to compromise with 
any man or measure that did not conform to his very strict ideals of 
fair human conduct. His scorn for the trivial was intense and yet he 
liked to be and was one of the most companionable of men. We, 
who remember his graphic comments at our dinners and his dry 
wit and unusual wisdom displayed in all his Club relations, shall 
probably miss him most of any of the circles to which he belonged. 
He was a great lover of books and a most appreciative collector of 
rare editions. . . . We who are left are glad that he lived so long and 
so fully— that he was one of us— and so modestly and faithfully 
filled the niche in Nature's economy to which his rare achievements 
entitled him. ... To have known him as we knew him was indeed a 
privilege that makes more heavy our sense that he has left us. To 
realize that he loved us as much as we loved him is the one assuag- 
ing factor in our separation." 


Chapter XII 

TO THE new Premier, Wilfred Puttkammer, on October 
9, 1939, was handed the gavel by retiring President 
Marsh, to whom just one year before it had been 
handed by Vice President Puttkammer acting for President 
Laylander who had been unable to attend meetings during 
the final weeks of the previous season. The Premier's delight- 
ful and scholarly Inaugural followed. The Marshals of 

The feeling had been growing and had become quite gen- 
eral that it was unbusinesslike, because of the tenuous tenure 
of life common to all men, that access to the Club's safety 
deposit box should be the prerogative of the Treasurer alone. 
Consequently the Directors met at the close of this meeting 
and passed a resolution that the Chairman of the Finance 
Committee, Willard King, should act as Second Lord of the 
Treasury and be provided with a key to the safety box. This 
action brought a measurable sense of relief to the First Lord 
of the Treasury, who had long felt that his responsibility 
should be shared. 

One week after our Reunion meeting Dr. Charles B. Reed 
read his twenty-ninth paper before the Club, The Gossip of 
the Pines. It was his last appearance as a reader, for within a 
year he was gone. He did write one more paper for the Club, 
however, at some time during the following months, which he 
called The Haunted Cedar. The manuscript of this paper was 
turned over to the Club by his wife and was read posthu- 
mously to the Club by a fellow member shortly after Dr. 
Reed's death. A further estimate of Dr. Reed, his work, and 
his connection with the Club will be made later in this nar- 
rative. On October 23 the Club Directors appointed Presi- 
dent Puttkammer to represent us at a meeting to be held in 

[ 85 ] 

Hull House on November i6 to honor the memory of Irving 
K. Pond. The President reported duly on this meeting, and 
told us in detail about the many tributes paid to Pond by 
individuals and by organizations. Pond had long been a 
patron of Hull House and its generous friend. 

A charming discourse on Nonchalance by Stephen E. Hur- 
ley, following a clever and witty introduction by the Presi- 
dent, was the treat in store for us on Ladies' Night, October 
30, when one hundred and sixty members and guests gath- 
ered at the Woman's Club (we had not yet established the 
custom of inviting the ladies to dine with us and listen to 
winged words at the University Club) to celebrate this an- 
nual event, an event that seemed to be growing in impor- 
tance, satisfaction, and pleasure-giving with each successive 

The list of papers read this season was worthy of our best 
tradition in respect to quality. The writers were mostly of 
the Faithful, who can always be relied upon to produce what 
we like and enjoy. Some papers are anticipated with eager- 
ness because we know that their authors are likely to have 
something extraordinary to say and will say it most attrac- 
tively; but all papers receive respectful attention. Among the 
Memoranda published in our yearbook for nearly a quarter 
of a century (the wording is Victor Yarros') is this; 

"That the best papers often flash upon us unexpectedly, and not 
infrequently are read by members whose names may be unfamiliar, 
or who have recently been admitted; and that all members are 
entitled to the benefit of the presumption of fitness and compe- 

One of those papers that "flashed upon us unexpectedly" 
was The Pathologic Physiology of Endowed Institutions by 
Dr. Emmet B. Bay, a brilliant young physician, and com- 
paratively new member. It was his first and thus far only 
paper read to the Club. It is to be hoped that he will follow 
up such a good beginning with more "flashes" from his pen. 
We had two Book Nights this season, one in January, and 


one in March. The books reviewed were all significant and 
timely, and the reviewers of our best. The Book Night is a 
real Institution in this Club, and merits the large attendance 
it usually has. It so happened that the same book, Lin Yu- 
tang's Moment in Peking, was reviewed at each of these Book 
Nights by two different members. That astute gentleman was 
riding high in those days and stirring up considerable interest 
in the book-reading world. 

William E. Dodd, one of our best known members, who 
has been mentioned many times before in these pages, had 
been transferred to the non-resident list, and was living near 
Washington, D. C. We learned with sorrow that he had died 
on February 9, 1940. From the memorial prepared by a 
special committee, a comprehensive and sympathetic memo- 
rial (written, so we surmise, by Dodd's colleague, Bernadotte 
Schmitt) we quote the concluding paragraph, which sums 
up beautifully the character of Professor Dodd as we knew 
him in the Club: 

"We of this Club remember Mr. Dodd as a quiet, unassuming 
gentleman with a keen sense of humor. Beneath his placid and 
genial exterior, however, there was a strong will, a stern devotion 
to truth and justice and an intense desire to serve his fellow men. 
Without being in any sense a zealot or a fanatic, Mr. Dodd was, 
whether in academic life or in national affairs, a force making for 
righteousness; his passionate denunciations of tyranny, after he 
laid down his ambassadorship, will not soon be forgotten by those 
who heard him. This Club has lost one of its most distinguished and 
noblest members." 

So we bid farewell to our honored dead and welcome the 
quick who must take the vacant places and carry on. 

'The disquieting season of 1940-1941 arrived. The Hit- 
lerian hawk had pounced upon Poland and brought on a gen- 
eral European war; the Nazi buzzard was close behind de- 
vouring the smaller and helpless countries piecemeal; isola- 
tionism and internationalism were having a heated argument, 
and we were beginning to discover that our vaunted ocean 
barriers would not be invulnerable to foreign attack. We 

[ 87 ] 

were in a state of unrest and confusion. It is quite unneces- 
sary, however, to remind ourselves of those days and events 
which we all remember too well. As a Club we went on with 
our job of "pulmotoring" humanistics, of trying to conserve 
and promote the imponderable things of the human spirit, 
which are the better part of life. 

It had now become an established custom to hold our an- 
nual Reunion at the University Club and there we gathered 
on October 7, 1940, ninety-five in number, to hear the new 
President, Harry Sigmund Hyman, deliver his Inaugural, 
Sour Grapes^ an Apologia Pro Senectute.W^ have all read and 
heard many attempts to rationalize Old Age, from Tully to 
Judge Edward O. Brown (Vid. our Club Publication No. 
XVI) to Harry S. Hyman, but it seems probable that most 
men, whether middle-aged or old, who give the matter seri- 
ous thought, find it difficult to be convinced deep down with- 
in that the so-called compensations of Old Age outweigh its 
deficiencies. Such optimism Harry Hyman characterized as 
"sour grapes." We were grieved to hear of his death the fol- 
lowing summer, after twenty-eight years of loyal mem- 

Thomas C. McConnell read his first paper before the Club 
on November 25, 1940, Indian Culture: Its Effect on Law and 
Politics South of the Border. This paper proved beyond any 
question that a new literary light had appeared in the Club 
firmament. The enthusiastic reception of this paper by a 
large audience evidenced both a deep interest in the subject 
matter and an appreciation of the author's clear and un- 
studied style. There were many requests for publication. A 
little more than two years later Mr. McConnell gave us his 
second paper, the incredible but true story of how he ran to 
earth and brought to justice the notorious swindler John 
Factor ("Jake the Barber"). The Club published this paper 
(No. XLVII) in July, 1943. And who of us, or of the ladies, 
present on a later occasion^ will forget Mr. McConnell's De- 
fense of Doctor Crippe?i read on the night of January 28, 1946? 

Bertram J. Cahn gave us his first and only paper, The 
Siory of the Chicago Crime Commission (of which he was an 
honored and very active member) on December 2, 1940. 
Mr. Cahn's business requirements and the fact that he re- 
sides outside of Chicago have prevented him from devoting 
as much time to Club meetings and Club contributions as he 
would like; but his interest has never wavered. 

Samuel Edmund Thorne also read his first and only paper 
on January 13, 1941, yf« Oxford Scho/ar.He was soon to leave 
us to go into special war service, from which he has lately 
emerged as Librarian of the Yale Law Library. We regret his 
permanent absence. 

It was doubtless sorhething of a surprise to us all on Jan- 
uary 27, 1941, to have Ernest Zeisler prove with his inexor- 
able and irrefutable logic, of which he is par excellence the 
master, that Nietzsche's philosophy was totally opposed to 
Nazi ideology. In those dark days the authoritative assur- 
ance that the philosopher Nietzsche, who exalted the "will 
to dominate," and extolled the "superman" as "an unscrup- 
ulous, pitiless demigod, superior to ordinary morality," 
was wholly opposed to the similar doctrine of Schicklgruber, 
brought several quasi grains of comfort to those who heard 
this remarkable paper. 

This seems to have been quite a year for introducing new 
or recent members to our lectern. Judge Will M. Sparks gave 
us his first and only paper on March 10, 1941, The Rappites^ 
an odd community that flourished down in Indiana in the 
neighborhood of Judge Sparks' early home. The Judge knew 
this sect and its cult at first hand and gave us their story with 
telling effect. The Club hopes that the Judge may be per- 
suaded to give us another story equally interesting. Still 
another "first appearance" in this season of first appearances 
was that of Sidney L. Robin with his Incunabula of the Illit- 
erate^ a paradoxical title, from which, quickly cutting the 
Gordian Knot, he skillfully extracted contrariety and sub- 
stituted perspicuity. 

[ 89 ] 

Ladies' Night of this season, on March 31, has already had 
its due meed of mention in these pages; it was held in the 
Woman's Club, where we were destined to hold only one 
more (in the following year) before entertaining our feminine 
friends in more advantageous surroundings. 

This season (unique in respect to the disclosure of promis- 
ing "novices") came to a close on May 12 with one of Wil- 
fred Puttkammer's "Classic Nights." The paper he selected 
to read was Bishop Charles Edward Cheney's The Barefoot 
Maid at the Fountain Inn, which the good Bishop himself had 
read before the Club on November 13, 191 1, and the Club 
had published in 191 2 as its Number XII. Only a few of us 
are left who heard Bishop Cheney read this beautiful and 
romantic story with his rich, sonorous voice and precise ar- 
ticulation. The Bishop had a marvellous command of our 
language, and used it perfectly with telling simplicity. (The 
Club published four of his remarkable papers.) Puttkammer 
read this paper most effectively; we who had heard or read it 
before were delighted to hear it again. 

Rather feelingly, perhaps plaintively, the Secretary in his 
final report for this season, observed that for most of us this 
year's thirty "literary sociables," as he termed them, con- 
stituted collectively a beacon light of joy and hope shining 
through the murky clouds of man's inhumanity to man. This 
bright ray, he said, has aided us, and will continue to aid us, 
to be prepared in our minds and with our means for whatever 
may befall: aut vincere aut mori. 

So we faced the fateful year of 1 94 1 -1942, and Pearl Har- 
bor. At the largely attended first meeting on October 6, 1941, 
at the University Club, Vice president John Heath, in the ab- 
sence of Ex-president Hyman, deceased, introduced Willard 
King, the new President. His Inaugural, Two Cultures, by 
general agreement one of the best papers of all his numerous 
excellent ones, if not the best, left us intellectually well 
satisfied, and gave the Club a fine sendoff. A violent 
rainstorm that began in the afternoon and continued all 

[ 90] 


through the evening heightened rather than dampened our 

A succession of successful evenings throughout the autumn 
followed. On December 8, 1941, after hearing a lot of inter- 
esting things we did not know concerning some obscure but in 
their time important literary people — the whir of George 
Marsh's Flight of Lame Ducks — we were told that the Direc- 
tors of the Club would hold an important meeting forthwith. 
This meeting foreshadowed a marked, not to say radical, 
change in our fiscal policy. A letter to the Directors from the 
Finance Committee stated that at the President's request 
that Committee had given consideration to the matter of in- 
vesting the surplus funds of the Club; the letter went on to 

"The Committee believes that present conditions justify a de- 
parture from our previous practice of investing such funds in cor- 
porate or Government obligations and point rather to the wisdom 
of purchasing equity stocks in corporations of proved stability and 
earning capacity. The Committee recommends the purchase of the 
common stocks listed in the following table. . . ." 

The list named eleven well known stable corporations, 195 
of whose shares collectively we were advised to buy in va- 
rious small amounts, using the Club funds in bank for the 
purpose. The Directors acted at once and authorized the pur- 
chase. The stocks were duly bought as specified by the Fi- 
nance Committee, and have proved to be a very profitable 
investment. There have been but few changes and additions 
since, only those suggested by our investment counsel, whom 
we engaged two years later to supervise our modest portfolio. 

There were several "Firsts" during the latter part of this 
season, that is, first papers by members hitherto untried: 
Douglass Pillinger's Within Four Walls, a delightful contri- 
bution (Mr. Pillinger's smooth and delicate style of writing 
was again evidenced in his recent paper on Elinor Wylie)\ 
Dr. Bengt Hamilton's The Relation Between Good Government 
and Bad Temper, a charming and humorous discourse; Joseph 

[ 91 ] 

Chada's The Czechs in America; George Boiler's Printing and 
the Renaissance-^ Paul H. Douglas' story of the Owens \ and 
William H. King, Jr.'s Yankee Lawyer in the Courts of Cook 
County. Three of these five men left us soon after this to go 
into War Service: Dr. Hamilton, George Boiler, and Paul 

The Ladies' Night meeting on March 30, 1942, was held at 
the Woman's Club. It was our last meeting in that Club, and 
was a red-letter occasion; Pierce Butler declaimed with dra- 
matic effect his story, The Tale oj the Young Man Who Lost 
His Baggage Keys, rich in incident and humor, most enter- 
taining, and heard with much laughter. The Woman's Club 
was soon thereafter taken over by the Army, and eventually 
sold to a syndicate. 

At the final meeting of the season Carl B. Roden read a 
paper by our William E. Dodd, deceased, a paper written 
thirty years before and published by the Club (No. XIV), 
Robert J. Walker, Imperialist. 

The list of members taken from us by death during the 
months just past is a sad one to contemplate; it consists of 
both resident and non-resident members, many of whom 
served the Club for long periods of time, others for only a 
brief time: Charles Bert Reed, William B. Storey, Rabbi 
Joseph Stolz, George Warner Swain, Walter Emanuel 
Treanor, William Lee Richardson, Henry Horner, Henry Bar 
rett Chamberlin, Harry Sigmund Hyman, Charles Edgar 
Pence, George Noble Carman, James Westfall Thompson, 
Howard Leslie Smith, Harry Fletcher Scott, William Horace 
Day, and Walter Mabie Wood. 

Dr. Charles Bert Reed as a writer was one of the most ver- 
satile men the Club ever had. In thirty-four years of member- 
ship he wrote thirty papers. Although his literary work was 
his avocation, it was hardly secondary to his medical activ- 
ities, which were numerous and never neglected. He was a 
skilled gynecologist, and an active member of the various 
medical societies, but his leisure hours were spent in his 


library, or in some large reference library, either in research 
or in imaginary writing. The historical and the imaginary 
were the two fields in which he loved most to delve. He was a 
stickler for style; he knew the value and exact use of words. 
From a broad humanistic background was reflected the 
sinewy sentence, the rhythmic clause, the finished paragraph, 
the often unusual but eminently fitting word. His contribu- 
tions were always received with acclaim. The Club published 
three of his papers: his Inaugural Address as President (1914- 
1915), his Albrecht von Haller, and his delightful canine story 
of the North Woods, Duke. He loved the North Woods, and 
spent many summers camping, fishing, exploring in the vir- 
gin wilds North of Lake Superior, whence he would return 
with fresh material for his pen. It was his good fortune to 
part quietly and painlessly from this world while up in this 
wilderness where he loved best to be. Dr. Reed's opinions in 
secular matters open to argument were strongly and con- 
servatively held and ably defended, but he would never 
suffer a friendship to be marred by disagreement. The Club 
has lost a rare man in Dr. Reed. 

[ 93 

Chapter XIII 

THE following resident members, besides the four al- 
ready named in the previous chapter (Boiler, Doug- 
las, Hamilton, and Thorne), went into War Service, 
their names having been retained on the Club roster: George 
W. Ball, now a non-resident living in Washington, D. C. ; Ross 
J. Beatty, Jr., Seward H. Bowers, Ward E. Guest, Max Rhein- 
stein, Dr. Michael L. Mason, Elbridge B. Pierce, Dr. Charles 
B. Puestow, Dr. Everett Lee Strohl, and Dr. Arthur R. 
Turner, the last named now residing in Washington, D. C. 
Six of these War Service men have returned to resident mem- 
bership, namely, Ross J. Beatty, Jr., George Boiler, Ward E. 
Guest, Dr. Mason, Elbridge Pierce, and Dr. Strohl. Still 
to return, or otherwise to be accounted for, are Seward 
Bowers, Dr. Puestow, Max Rheinstein, and Paul H. Doug- 
las. Of Seward Bowers we have had no word yet; Dr. Pues- 
tow, we understand, is in Chicago, but has not yet reinstated 
himself; Max Rheinstein is expected to return eventually to 
his position in the University of Chicago Law School; Paul 
Douglas, severely wounded, has been convalescing in a 
Washington, D. C. Hospital. 

(This is being written just after the close of our 1945-1946 

The 1 942-1 943 season began under the presidency of Dr. 
Arno B. Luckhardt, whose Inaugural address was entitled. 
Collector s Items of a Medical Historical Bibliomaniac. The 
record states that 

"On a table before the speaker were many of these 'Items,' rare 
medical incunabula, books and engravings, ivory figurines, and 
other curios, which, after the reading, were demonstrated and ex- 
plained by Dr. Luckhardt." 

Ralph Horween's second paper read before the Club in 
October, 1942 (it will be remembered that his first was on 

[ 94 ] 

The Battle of Jutland) ^ Sir William Sydney Smith . . . An 
Episode in the Eastern Mediterranean, was another historical 
contribution of importance, well conceived and thoughtfully 
worked out (as was his Jutland) in such a manner as to hold 
our undivided interest and win enthusiastic applause. 

Stephen Hurley's Chance was delightful; Mr. Hurley al- 
ways packs his contributions with closely woven thought, al- 
most Emersonian, we might say, but never obscure. When 
Charles Yeomans comes forward with one of his all too rare 
papers, as he did on November 9 of this season, and read 
Clergy ma?i i?i Conflict, we know it is to be a real occasion. A 
choice, delicate humor, of the Yeomans brand, pervaded 
this paper. Theodore Buenger's paper on Gregory the Great 
gave us a fine touch of the author's classical, or post-classical 
in this case, and well known scholarship. On a night in Jan- 
uary, 1943, Horace Bridges gave us a clever Sherlock Holmes 
Misadventure, an original story in the familiar Doylesque 
manner and style, an imitation that would deceive any but 
the most expert Doyle fan. Mr. Bridges favored us (and the 
. ladies) in the autumn following with another of these Holmes 
take-offs, which the ladies found very much to their taste. 

When, on March 29, 1943, we held our first Ladies' Night 
in the University Club, far more meet for such entertainment 
than any place we had hitherto found, the pleasure and 
peculiar satisfaction we felt were quite similar to the feelings 
of Odysseus, when, entertained at a banquet given him by 
Alcinous, King of the Phaeacians, he began his story thus: 

"Lord Alcinous, it is indeed a lovely thing to hear a bard such as 
this man with a voice like a god. I myself feel that there is nothing 
more delightful than when the festive mood reigns in people's 
hearts and the banqueters listen to a minstrel from their seats in 
the hall, while the tables before them are laden with bread and 
meat, and a steward carries around the wine he has drawn from the 
mixing bowl and fills their cups. This, to my way of thinking, is 
something very like perfection." 

The ladies all said it was perfection. At last we were able 
to serve wine without let or hindrance, and the dinner was 
sumptuous, for because of a lucky turn of Fortune's wheel, 

[95 ] 


the menu had been arranged and ordered just before new and 
drastic Government Food restrictions went into effect. The 
"bard" with the "voice like a god", to wit, Wilfred Puttkam- 
mer, regaled the audience with a brilliant paper, A Famous 
Family of Old Augsburg^ which was loudly applauded. That 
meeting registered a new high water mark in Ladies' Night 

Joseph Adams joined the Club January 3, 1 876. He was on 
our resident member list for sixty-seven years. He died 
March 30, 1943. The Secretary remembers having seen this 
elderly member present at the Club but once during the last 
twenty-three years of his membership. On that occasion Mr. 
Adams found the tobacco smoke so objectionable that he re- 
fused to come again. We recall one or two attempts made by 
the Club to interdict smoking during the exercises, but they 
were futile; the majority favored this restful habit and so 
ruled. Too many of us were devotees of Nicotina and refused 
to abandon her cult when we were assembled. 

Governor Frank O. Lowden, both a resident and non- 
resident member for fifty years, died March 20, 1943, at his 
country estate in Oregon, Illinois. On December 15, 1942, a 
sad accident, causing immediate death, removed Charles 
True Adams from our resident list. His father, of the same 
name, was an early member of the Club. 

Three or four excellent papers and a Book Night brought 
the season to a successful close. Among these was George 
Dyer's Is Sociology a Science?^ George Powers' Lowdown on 
Cousin George^ and Harry Robinson's Mr. Dooley. 

"To one who has observed for many years at close range the per- 
sonnel of this Club the most amazing thing is the high morale, 
which continues to hold its own year after year during every vari- 
ety of vicissitude, national prosperity, national depression, prohi- 
bition, Calvin Coolidge, the Decline and Fall of Big Business, 
Union Racketeering, a World War and now a Global War — what- 
ever the situation or condition, the Literary Club flourishes therein. 
Its solidarity and loyalty are truly unique." 

(From the Secretary's report of May 10, 1943.) 

[96 ] 

Our seventieth season, 1 943-1 944, which opened on Octo- 
ber II at the usual place, the University Club, had for its 
President Francis Howard Eldridge, whose Inaugural Ad- 
dress, Mars and the Daughters of Mnemosyne^ igiS-ig^j^ 
proved to be his valedictory, though we knew it not, for he 
died the following summer, the victim of a shocking accident. 
Howard Eldridge was a personage, a man of distinguished 
character and ability, quiet, modest, a clear thinker, a keen 
lawyer and student of law, with a remarkable command of 
both the spoken and written language, a man of steadiness, 
of philosophic bent, fond of elucidating the recondite, of in- 
terpreting intricate thought. The Club has had few men of 
his stamp, of his mental integrity, of his power of analysis. 

Seldom does the work of members of this Club fall below 
the minimum of excellence long established and familiar to 
all; and there are always a few who attain the maximum or 
exceed it. Of the men who composed the program for this 
season most have already been characterized, and, after a 
fashion, evaluated — fairly, we hope. A general summation of 
the year's "produce" might be described as follows, disre- 
garding names and merely alluding to titles indirectly; as is 
nearly always the case the topics have varied widely — vari- 
ety of subject and treatment being one of our reasons for be- 
ing — biographical, autobiographical, analytical, scientific, 
descriptive, detective, humorous, witty, political, exciting, 
educative, mythical, mystical, practical, stimulating — rang- 
ing from Sewers to Submarines, from Tennyson to Twins, 
from Douglas to Dives, from Eggs to Aesculapius, from Music 
to Maga, from Schoolcraft to Stained Glass, from Long to 
Law, from Peace to Pessimism — papers and essays seldom 
inducing somnolence, interest-awakening, stylistically indi- 
vidual, rarely smelling of the lamp, written and composed 
for the most, part under the watchful gaze of the goddess of 
Wisdom. An Olympian program, if there ever was one. 

During this season we lost three resident members, Ed- 
ward Thomas Lee, Dr. Sanford R. Gifford, and Dr. Bever- 

[97 ] 

idge H. Moore. The first two have already been eulogized in 
this narrative. The third, Dr. Moore, was an orthopedic sur- 
geon of skill and ingenuity, friendly, genial, modest, popular, 
who, as head of the Crippled Children's Hospital for years, 
greatly relieved the suffering of those poor unfortunates and 
was held by them in deep affection. His contributions in 
lighter vein and his companionship are sorely missed. 

Of our non-resident members three died during 1943 and 
1944, Judge Julian W. Mack, of New York, Theodore C. 
Hume, and Walter L. Bullock. Some of us older members will 
remember Judge Mack as an able, honest, impartial Judge, 
much given to philanthropy, a lover of literature, a writer of 
acceptable papers, always active and much interested in our 
Club affairs. 

If Science and the Future had been the title of a paper read 
on March 13, 1874, the date of the founding of this Club, one 
wonders what the point of view of the writer would have 
been compared with the point of view of Professor Carey 
Croneis, who read a paper with that title on the seventieth 
anniversary of the Club, March 13, 1944. 

Under the vigorous leadership of Earle A. Shilton we 
opened our seventy-first season on October 9, 1944. In the 
Book of Fate it was written and decreed that we were to 
enjoy several essays of special merit worthy of mention, and 
were to witness the complete surrender of Germany, the 
death of President Franklin D. Roosevelt, and the accession 
of Harry S. Truman to the Presidency, a series of world- 
shaking events, taken all together — including the exercises of 
the Chicago Literary Club. Of course we were all very much 
concerned with world happenings outside of the Club, but 
this narrative deals only with our internal Club affairs, and 
therefore passes lightly over Welt-Politik^ except as some 
member deals with it, or with a particular phase of it. This is 
what Professor Max Rheinstein did on October 23 in his 
paper Birth of a Nation. He had just spent the previous year 
on a special mission to Puerto Rico, and gave us the story of 

[98 ] 

that mission including details of the troublesome political 
situation in that island, and its struggle for independence. 

An intrepid young mine superintendent's experience in his 
younger days before he became a full-fledged lawyer was 
thrillingly told by George W. Gale in his first paper Silver 
Creek. John Leonard Hancock scored a perfect philological 
bulls-eye in his dissertation on Words. An expert classicist, 
Mr. Hancock proved beyond the shadow of a cavil that to 
evaluate properly our great English language one should be 
able quickly and easily to determine its sources, which we all 
know are the ancient languages in large measure, especially 
Latin. Leonard Hancock has read five papers before the 
Club. Wit and humor flow naturally from his pen. 

At a special Directors' meeting on November 28 the Chair- 
man of the Finance Committee, Frederick B. Andrews, was 
empowered to make an arrangement with Gregory, DeLong 
and Holt, Investment Advisers, to supervise the Club's 
finances. Two weeks later Mr. Andrews reported that such 
an arrangement had been satisfactorily made. 

Meyer Kestnbaum, the head of a large manufacturing con- 
cern, made his initial appearance before us with a well con- 
sidered paper. Six Days Shalt Thou Labor^ a subject he was 
well qualified to discuss as a sympathetic industrial leader. 
John Nuveen, Jr.'s fifth paper Plaint of a Bureaucrat made a 
hit with us all. We learned at first hand of the intricate twists 
and turns of Red Tape which Government Bureaus bind and 
wind around some poor Gulliver unfortunate enough to be in 
their toils. Mr. Nuveen's papers are always full of intellectual 
nutriment well mixed with humor. Dr. Bailey's fourth Ar- 
menian paper Musa Dagh, illustrated, met with great favor. 
Dealing with a section of the world with which most of us are 
not familiar. Dr. Bailey serves us goodly portions of informa- 
tion of value and interest. Other papers of the year deserving 
a very high rating were Louis Leon Thurstone's Three 
Theories of Intelligence (another first) \ Puttkammer's A 
Man-made Colossus, on the origin, rise, and fall of the British 


East India Company; William H. King, Jr.'s keen critique 
of the Supreme Court; Willard King's biographical chapter 
on Chief Justice Fuller (a small portion of a definitive biog- 
raphy of Fuller, which Mr. King is still working at assidu- 
ously) ; Dr. Warren S. McCulloch's One Word After Another 
(also 2i first) ^ an intimate interview with one poet (Edward 
Arlington Robinson) by another (the author), and published 
by the Club in December, 1945; Nathan S. Blumberg's 
Eighteen Cases^ a query as to how rigid or how elastic is our 
Constitution; Casper Ooms' delightful American Dreyfus, 
one of the best, if not the best, of all his contributions to 
Club literature; Anan Raymond's A Logistic Parallel-^ and 
Robert A. Mowat's Life and Letters in Scotland in the Eight- 
eenth Century, which was the final paper of the year. Mr. 
Mowat is well versed in English and Scottish literature and 
had read previously before the Club carefully written papers 
on Burns and Tennyson. Unfortunately he was suddenly 
taken ill while reading this final meeting paper, and was un- 
able to finish it. Dr. Bailey, who was sitting nearby, assisted 
Mr. Mowat to a chair, and, always ready for any emergency, 
read the remainder of the paper. 

Constantly shifting circumstances during the year had 
thrown the prearranged program out of order; but the pa- 
tience, skill, and tact of the Program Chairman, Theodore 
Buenger, had restored an order that brought us the fine 
grist of papers mentioned above. 

George G. Powers was one of the four choice members we 
had lost during the year. (The other three have been duly 
memorialized in these pages.) He was a business man en- 
dowed with unusual literary ability. He had successfully 
fought the depression, and had come through with his happy 
disposition unimpaired. His presence always radiated good 
cheer; his hearty greeting was an uplift, and his Club papers 
were ingenious, novel, and fine examples of American humor, 
humor which he relished in the reading as we did in the 

[ 100 ] 

The Club had been confronted the year before with the 
necessity of showing cause why it should not pay an income 
tax. We had no evidence of exemption, so we set about obtain- 
ing it. Through our skillful attorney, George W. Gale, such 
evidence of exemption was carefully prepared and sent to the 
Internal Revenue Department. On December 14, 1944, we 
received a letter from Washington, D.C., which gave us as- 
surance that we should be free from income tax payments as 
long as we continued to be an unadulterated source of cul- 
ture and literature; but we were warned that we must beware 
lest our dugs suckle bastards. 

The Club had voted to have an audit made of our finances 
at the close of this 1 944-1 945 season. This was done by one 
of our own members, Mr. Edward B. Wilcox, a certified 
public accountant. This was gratifying to the Treasurer, and 
relieved him of a responsibility that he was glad to have 
shared. A year later it was voted to have the audit an annual 
affair, and to have copies of the audit distributed to members 
at the final meeting of the year. 

An esteemed active member of the Club since 1941, Pro- 
fessor Carey Croneis of the University of Chicago was called 
to the presidency of Beloit College and duly inaugurated in 
September, 1944. The Literary Club's reputation as a feeder 
for high positions of honor outside of the city was greatly 
enhanced thereby, as it was also by the appointment of Cas- 
per Ooms to be Commissioner of Patents at Washington, 
D. C. in the summer of 1945. We were sorry to lose these two 
good men from our active list, but felt highly honored vica- 
riously. In September, 1945, Charles Yeomans received 
Letters Patent signed by Commissioner Ooms, and wrote to 
a fellow member that he was wondering whether any other 
member of the Literary Club would care to dispute his claim 
to the distinction of being the first member of the Club to be 
so honored by the new Commissioner! 

Hon. William H. Holly was elected President of the Club 
for 1 945-1 946. There was no other candidate. The Judge was 

[ lOI ] 

in Washington when notified by Chairman John Heath that 
he, the Judge, was the choice of his "party" for President. 
There must have been some spoofing befween the two, but 
the Judge had the last word. He wired Heath as follows: 

"I cannot refuse my country's call. I appreciate the valiant 
fight my friends must have made for me and will not forget them in 
the distribution of patronage." 

Judge Holly had the misfortune to suffer a leg fracture dur- 
ing the winter of his incumbency so was absent from the 
Chair for several weeks, but he has fully recovered. 

At the end of the season. May, 1946, the Club finds it im- 
perative to change its location after thirty-six years in the 
Fine Arts Building, sixteen of which have been spent in its 
present quarters. Our lease expires June 30, 1946. Unable to 
negotiate with the new owners of the building, we regarded 
ourselves as having been rather unceremoniously excalci- 
trated, and immediately looked for new quarters. Thanks to 
the indefatigable efforts of Earle Shilton, Chairman of the 
Rooms and Finance Committee, new rooms have been 
found in the building at 84 East Randolph Street, owned and 
controlled by the John Crerar Library, whither we expect 
shortly to go. 

During the spring of 1946 the Club came to the realization 
that its By-Laws had accumulated too much rust, were too 
antiquated to serve our changing and latter day needs. Con- 
sequently a Committee of three was appointed, headed by 
Irwin T. Gilruth, to scrutinize the By-Laws carefully and 
revise them or cast them in a new mould. This Committee had 
not time to do this work and report to the Club before the 
close of the season. Its report, therefore, will not be made 
until some time next season. The story of this report and of 
the changes or alterations it may suggest, as well as the story 
of our move to East Randolph street, will have to be left to 
the next historian of the Club. 

We buttressed the Club with new and sturdy material by 
receiving into our fellowship nine new members during 1944- 
1945, and eleven during 1 945-1 946. On May 6, 1946 we had 

[ 102 ] 

155 resident members, 50 non-resident members, and 3 
Associate Members, a total membership of 208. 

Three members died during this latest season. George 
Steele Seymour was taken by death September 7, 1945. He 
was a veritable literary addition to the Club. He was a clear 
and forceful writer, a collector of rare books, and a true poet. 
Though a member but for two short years, he made his worth 
apparent to us all. He had a wide acquaintance among lit- 
erary people, both professional and lay. George Seymour was 
a man of parts whom we could ill afford to lose. 

Herman L. Matz, who died in December, 1945? was a 
member for fifty-one years, and in his prime was devoted to 
the Club. Howard Van Sinderen Tracy also left us in Decem- 
ber, 1945. He was hampered by ill health but was loyal to the 
Club to the very end. Billy E. Goetz is now connected with 
Antioch College in Yellow Springs, Ohio; and Horace 
Bridges, one of our highly valued stand-bys for years, suffer- 
ing from ill health, has been compelled to live in retirement 
in Greenport, L. I. 

As we are now at the end of the period which this historian 
is supposed to cover, he desires to express his gratitude to 
the Club for having honored him by keeping him in office for 
so many years, and by assigning to him the pleasant duty of 
compiling this narrative history. The months spent in its 
preparation have been happy ones. It has been his endeavor 
to set forth events and minor happenings, trivial though they 
often may seem, which are of record and a human part of our 
Club experience; also to appraise fairly and impartially the 
personalities, characters, and literary accomplishments of 
both the dead and the quick. His readers, if any there shall 
be, may differ with him in some of his estimates, but he hopes 
not in all. 

The question may at times be asked by an inquiring new 
member how it is that this Club, against materialistic odds, 
achieves so well its primary object of literary and aesthetic 
culture, maintains its traditions, binds to itself with hoops of 
steel the loyalty and devotion of its members, and enjoys an 

[ 103 ] 

atmosphere of distinction so different from all other Clubs. 
The answer is simple and easy: let the inquirer glance at our 
long and distinguished list of members, deceased and living; 
there he will find the "Create & Goode," the names of the 
foremost men in all the professions and in business, who have 
adorned Chicago and the nation for nearly three generations, 
leaders of the bar, of medicine and surgery, of the pulpit and 
the rostrum, judges and justices, ambassadors, cabinet mem- 
bers. University and College professors and presidents, men 
of prominence in commerce and banking — all of them men 
who have valued greatly the purposes and customs of this 
organization and were proud to belong to it. Of such has been, 
still is, and will continue to be the Independent and Demo- 
cratic State known as the Chicago Literary Club. 

Experience has shown that friendships, for the most part, 
formed in this Club have proved to be untarnishable assets, 
non-defaulting, non-taxable, dividend-paying, corruption- 
proof, impervious to decay. 


For nearly forty years the most popular and most valuable 
"member" of the Club; caretaker and guardian of our phys- 
ical property and welfare; who sees that all things, chairs, 
official table, lectern, lights, papers, periodicals, ballot box, 
gavel, and other appurtenances are in order and in readiness 
for each meeting; who wards off trouble and defends us 
against imposition; who arranges in their proper place and 
labels our unused or superfluous publications; who has been 
our cateress for many a Reunion and Ladies' Night dinner; 
who brews the most delicious cup of coffee in Chicago and 
serves the tastiest of delicacies to sustain us on our home- 
ward journeys; who remembers and can call by name every 
member of the Club; who listens with interest to our exer- 
cises and can comment intelligently upon them; always mod- 
est and unassuming; to her its true and tried friend the 
Chicago Literary Club pays affectionate homage. 

[ 104 ] 

• '-V 

M A R \' G R E E X 


Appendix A 


FROM 192,4-1925 TO I945-I946 


George Ellis Dawson 
Charles Doak Lowry 
Carl Bismarck Roden 
Frank Joseph Loesch 
Charles P. Megan . 
Henri Charles-Edouard 


Lessing Rosenthal . 
James Bryan Herrick 
Harvey Brace Lemon 
John McRae Cameron 
Henry Milton Wolf . 


1924-25 George Burwell Utley . . 1935-36 

1925-26 Irwin Thoburn Gilruth . 1936-37 

1926-27 Orange Judd Laylander . 1937-38 

1927-28 George Linnaeus Marsh . 1938-39 

1928-29 Ernst Wilfred Puttkammer 1939-40 
Harry Sigmund Hyman . 1940-41 

1929-30 Willard Leroy King . . 

1930-31 Arno Benedict Luckhardt 

1931-32 Francis Howard Eldridge 

1932-33 Earle Astor Shilton . . . 

1933-34 William Harrison Holly 



Theodore Arthur Buenger 1946-47 



William Lee Richardson . 1924-25 
Charles Yeomans .... 1925-26 
James Persons Simonds . 1926-27 
Clarence Augustus Hough 1927-29 
Andrew Rothwell SherrifF 1929-30 
Ernst Wilfred Puttkammer 1930-31 
John McRae Cameron . 1931-32 
Irwin Thoburn Gilruth . 1932-33 
Harry Franklin Robinson 1933-34 
George Linnaeus Marsh . 1934-35 
Lester Reynold 

George Griffith Powers . 1935-37 
Ernst Wilfred Puttkammeri937-38 
Stephen Edward Hurley . 1938-39 
Francis Howard Eldridge 1939-40 
John Reardon Heath . . 1940-41 
Lester Reynold Dragstedt 1941-42 
George Halperin .... 1942-43 
Paul Roberts Cannon . . 1943-44 
John Reardon Heath . . 1944-45 
Carl Otto Rinder .... 1945-46 
Dragstedt 1946-47 

[ 107 ] 



Irwin Thoburn Gilruth . 
Carl Bismarck Roden . . 
S. J. Duncan-Clark . . . 
Charles P. Megan . . . 
Harry Franklin Robinson 
Francis Howard Eldridge 
George Burwell Utiey . 
William Lee Richardson 
Harry Sigmund Hyman 
Llewellyn Jones . . . 
Casper William Ooms . 
George Halperin . . . 

1924-25 Edward Byers Wilcox . . 1936-37 

1925-26 Theodore Arthur Buenger 1937-38 

1926-27 Godfrey John Eyler . . 1938-39 

1927-28 Frederick Z. Marx . . . 1939-40 

1928-29 Ralph Waldo Gerard . . 1940-41 

1929-30 Billy Earl Goetz .... 1941-42 

1930-31 Chauncey C. Maher . . 1942-43 

1931-32 Percival Bailey .... 1943-44 

1932-33 Theodore Arthur Buenger 1944-45 

1933-34 George Turnley Dyer, Jr. 1945-46 

1934-35 Thomas Chalfont 

^935~3^ McConnell 1946-47 



Holmes Onderdonk . . . 1924-25 Willard Leroy King 
Roy Clifton Osgood . . 1925-29 Frederick Bernard 
Holman Dean Pettibone . 1929-31 Andrews . . . . 

Earle Astor Shilton . . . 1946-47 

I 940-46 


Henry Milton Wolf . 
Theodore Jessup . . 
George Burwell Utley 
S. J. Duncan-Clark . 
Henri C.-E. David . 
Willard Leroy King 
Irwin Thoburn Gilruth 
George Burwell Utley 
James Bryan Herrick 
Charles P. Megan 


1924-25 Theodore Arthur Buenger 

1925-26 Francis Howard Eldridge 

1926-27 Arno Benedict Luckhardt 

1927-28 Harry Franklin Robinson 

1928-29 John McRae Cameron . 

1929-30 Charles Bert Reed . . . 

^93°~3^ BernadotteEverly Schmitt 

'^93^~3'^ Earle Astor Shilton . . . 

1932-33 Irwin Thoburn Gilruth . 

^933-34 George Griffith Powers . 

■ Bucy 1944-47 





Edwin Lyman Lobdell . 1924-25 
Henry Porter Chandler . 1925-26 
George Burwell Utley . . 1926-27 
Irwin Thoburn Gilruth . 1927-30 
Beveridge Harshaw Moore 1930-31 
George Linnaeus Marsh . 1931-32 
George Griffith Powers . 1932-33 
Arno Benedict Luckhardt 1933-34 
Bernadotte Everly Schmitt 1934-35 
Theodore Arthur Buenger 1935-36 

Chauncey C. Maher 

Lester Reynolds Dragstedt 1936-37 
Charles Yeomans . . . 1937-38 
George Kenney Bowden . 1938-39 
Ernest Bloomfield Zeisler 1939-40 
Casper William Ooms . . 1940-41 
Godfrey John Eyler . . 1941-42 
Sanford Robinson Gifford 1942-43 
John Leonard Hancock . 1943-44 
William Harrison Holly . 1944-45 
Charles P. Megan . . . 1945-46 



Frederick W. Gookin . 1880-1920 Payson S. Wild 

. 1920-47 


Frederick W. Gookin . 1880-1920 Payson S. Wild 


[ 109 ] 



Appendix B 


FROM September 30, 1925, 
TO May 6, 1946 

RESIDENCE in Chicago or vicinity is to be under- 
stood when no place is named. All Non-resident 
■^ Members except Associate Members were Resident 
Members when elected. The addresses under their names 
were their last known places of residence, or, if not living, the 
places where they resided at the time of their decease. An 
asterisk indicates associate membership. 

Gordon Crowell Abbott 
Nathan Abbott 
Fred Lyman Adair 
Charles True Adams 
Joseph Adams 
Samuel Adams 
Benjamin Franklin Affleck 
Victor Clifton Alderson 

La Jolla, California 
Rudolph Altrocchi 

Berkeley, California 
John Ward Amberg 
Edward Scribner Ames 
Arvid Lawrence Anderson 
Clement Walker Andrews 
Edmund Andrews 
Emory Cobb Andrews 

Date of Election 
December i8, 1922 
January 16, 1893 
February 25, 1935 
May 2, 1938 
January 3, 1876 
February 7, 1921 
December 13, 1926 
October 21, 1901 

November 7, 1921 

March 5, 1900 
April 26, 191 5 
November 16, 1936 
December 23, 1895 
April 6, 1925 
December 5, 1927 

[ III ] 

Date Membership 
Resigned, May 16, 1932 
Not Known 

Died, December 15, 1942 
Died, March 30, 1943 
Resigned, February i, 1926 
Resigned, September 12, 1929 
Died, February 25, 1946 

Died, March 3, 1936 

Died, November 20, 1930 
Resigned, April 17, 1937 
Died, June 17, 1932 

Frederic Bernard Andrews 
Paul McClelland Angle 
George Allison Armour 

Princeton, New Jersey 
Francis Marion Arnold 
Alan Vasey Arragon 

Address unknown 
Edwin Charles Austin 
Paul Valentine Bacon 

Boston, Massachusetts 
Arthur Alois Baer 
Percival Bailey 
Robert Walter Balderston 
Amos Ball 
George Wildman Ball 

Washington, D. C. 
John Potts Barnes 
Robert Perkins Bass 

Peterboro, New Hampshire 
Henry Moore Bates 

Ann Arbor, Michigan 
Emmet Blackburn Bay 
John Townsend Beatty 
Ross James Beatty, Jr. 
Alfred Beck 

William Thomas Belfield 
Chester Sharon Bell 

Neenah, Wisconsin 
Richard Bentley 
Louis James Block 
Nathan Sidney Blumberg 
George Boller 
George Kenney Bowden 
Seward Henry Bowers 
Henry Sherman Boutell 

Washington, D. C. 
Charles Frederic Bradley 

Boston, Massachusetts 
Preston Bradley 
William Harrison Bradley 

Ridgefield, Connecticut 
Henry John Brandt 
Melvin Amos Brannon* 

Gainesville, Florida 
Frank Chapin Bray 

New York, N. Y. 
Horace James Bridges 

Greenport, L. I. 

James Andrew Britton 

Date of Election 
January 9, 1928 
January 21, 1946 
February 23, 1880 

April 30, 1 91 7 
November 3, 1919 

November 30, 1939 
December 13, 1909 

December 18, 1944 
January 5, 1934 
May I, 1933 
February 10, 194I 
November 20, 1939 

January 9, 1931 
May 18, 1903 

April 6, 1896 

February 8, 1937 
January 13, 1933 
January 13, 1933 
May 26, 1919 
December 3, 1888 
January 4, 1937 

May 19, 1930 
May 21, 1894 
January 24, 1938 
February 13, 1939 
February 4, 1924 
December 9, 1935 
March 24, 1882 

April 19, 1886 

April 5, 1926 
March 28, 1881 

December 6, 1943 
January 16, 1922 

January 15, 1905 

March 13, 1916 

February 2, 1942 
November 7, 1921 

[ 112] 

Date Membership 

Died, June 8, 1936 

Died, May 18, 1935 
Not known 

Resigned, November 7, 1941 

Died, April 12, 1940 

Resigned, February i, 1926 
Died, October 4, 1929 

Died, December 8, 1927 

Died, March 11, 1926 
Died, July 26, 1932 

Died, September 17, 1929 

Resigned, April 24, 1941 

Members Date of Election 

Charles Leroy Brown May 4, 1931 

George William Brown November 26, 1894 

Benjamin Franklin Buck May 26, 1919 

Paul C. Bucy December 9, 1935 
Theodore Arthur Buenger March 10, 1930 
Benjamin Reynolds 

Bulkeley December 23, 1895 

Concord, Massachusetts 

Llewellyn Bullock. December 8, 1930 

Manchester, England 

George Christian Bunge November 26, 1934 
Clarence Augustus Burley April 23, 1877 

January 23, 1928 
November 5, 1923 
May 10, 1937 
November 5, 1923 
January 4, 191 5 
March 18, 1935 
November 19, 1928 
December 23, 1895 
May 15, 1922 

Pierce Butler 

James Christopher Cahill 

Bertram J. Cahn 

John McRae Cameron 

Herbert John Campbell 

Paul Roberts Cannon 

Anton J. Carlson 

George Noble Carman 

James Gray Carr 

George Frederick Cassell November 23, 1925 

Edwin Henry Cassels November 8, 1909 

Joseph Chada May i, 1939 

Henry Barrett Chamberlin May 13, 1935 

Freemont Augustus 

Henry Porter Chandler 

Washington, D. C. 
Theodore S. Chapman 
William Ludlow Chenery 

New York, N. Y. 
Harry Lincoln Clapp 
Alexander Beattie Clark 
Clarence P. Clark 
Jacob Wendell Clark 
RudolphAlexanderClemen December 17, 1928 

Princeton, New Jersey 
Wells Morrison Cook 
Homer Hunt Cooper 
Homer John Coppock 
Henry Richmond Corbett 
Max Henry Cowen 
Arthur Joseph Cramp 

Hendersonville, North Carolina 
Avery Odelle Craven April 7, 1930 

Alfred Careno Croftan February 7, 1921 
Carey Croneis April 14, 1941 

Beloit, Wisconsin 
Bowman Corning Crowell February 25, 1929 

[ 113 ] 

March 21, 1927 
December 7, 1917 

November 27, 1933 
May 24, 1 91 5 

November 7, 1932 
May 26, 1919 
April 26, 1937 
November 10, 1924 

May 21, 1918 
March i, 1926 
December 18, 1944 
May ID, 1924 
December 6, 1920 
April 6, 1925 

Date Membership 


Resigned, January i, 1941 

Died, April 20, 1927 

Resigned, October i, 1931 

Died, April 18, 1930 
Died, February 21, 1944 

Died, February 23, 1928 
Resigned, October i, 1941 
Resigned, June i, 1939 

Died, January 2, 1939 

Died, June 24, 1941 

Resigned, February i, 1934 
Died, July 7, 1941 
Resigned, March 27, 1937 

Resigned, February 8, 1941 

Died, April 16, 1935 

Not known 

Resigned, November 6, 1940 

Resigned, January i, 1935 

Died, January 27, 1930 
Died, January 28, 1939 

Resigned, February i, 1939 
Resigned, February i, 1932 

Resigned, February 14, 1933 
Resigned, October i, 1926 

Date of Election 
January 14, 1907 
December 6, 1886 
May 10, 1926 
November 22, 1909 
May 21, 1923 

November i, 191 5 
February 20, 1899 

January 3, 1885 

April 30, 1934 
June I, 1891 
March 17, 1941 
February 13, 1893 

February i, 1897 

October 23, 191 1 
March i, 1926 

Lestei^ Curtis 
Charles Chauncey Curtiss 
Irving Samuel Cutter 
Charles Sidney Cutting 
Samuel Dauchy 
Henri Charles-Edouard 

Bradley Moore Davis 
Ann Arbor, Michigan 
Edward Parker Davis 

Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 
Loyal Davis 
George Ellis Dawson 
Horace Dawson 
William Horace Day 

Bridgeport, Connecticut 
Frederick Adrian Delano 

Washington, D. C. 
Thomas Francis Delaney 
Clarence Paul Denning 
Frederick Robert DeYoung November 4, 1929 
David L. Dickson February 18, 1946 

William Edward Dodd March 11, 191 2 

Thomas Elliott Donnelley December 2, 1901 
Paul H. Douglas December 18, 1939 

Carl Albert Dragstedt December 17, 1945 
Lester Reynold Dragstedt February 14, 1927 
Garrett Droppers March 11, 1907 

Williamstown, Massachusetts 
Emilius Clark Dudley March 28, 1881 

April 21, 1919 
Samuel John Duncan-Clark November 5, 1923 
George Turnley Dyer, Jr. April 22, 1940 
Sidney Corning Eastman April 16, 1894 

January 28, 191 8 
October 30, 1922 
December 22, 1924 
March 10, 1930 
March 3, 1924 
January 9, 1928 
March 13, 1893 

Charles Raymond Ege 
Francis Howard Eldridge 
John Dayhuff Ellis 
Godfrey John Eyler 
Otho Samuel Fasig 
William Wallace Fenn 

Cambridge, Massachusetts 
Robert Collyer Fergus 
Morris Fishbein 
Walter Lowrie Fisher 
George Foster Fiske 
Robert Stanley Forsythe 
John Sharpless Fox 

November 12, 191 7 
May 8, 1922 
March 2, 1891 
March 13, 18^3 
November 28, 1938 
May 2, 1927 

[ 114] 

Date Membership 
Died, November 23, 1930 
Died March 26, 1928 
Died, February 2, 1945 
Died, April 17, 1936 
Resigned, October i, 1933 

Died, October 2, 1937 

Resigned, February 14, 1935 
Died, August 19, 1935 
Resigned, February i, 1942 
Died, March 16, 1942 

Resigned, May 27, 1929 
Resigned, October 31, 1932 
Died, February 9, 1940 

Died, July 7, 1927 
Died, December i, 1928 

Died, June 12, 1928 
Died, April i, 1930 

Resigned, April i, 1927 
Died, August 21, 1944 

Died, March 6, 1932 

Died, November 9, 1935 
Resigned, May 16, 1932 
Resigned, October i, 1939 

Jerome New Frank 

New York, N. Y. 
Henry Brewster Freeman 

Route 2, Troutville, Virginia 
Charles Gordon Fuller 

Benton Harbor, Michigan 
Lyman J. Gage 

Point Loma, California 
George W. Gale 
Eugene Maximilian Karl 

Ralph Waldo Gerard 
Frederick. Andrews Gibbs 
Sanford Robinson Gifford 
Harry Obrin Gillet 
Irwin Thoburn Gilruth 
John Jacob Glessner 
Leroy Truman Goble 
Billy Earl Goetz 

Yellow Springs, Ohio 
Frederick William Gookin 
Arthur Joseph Goldberg 
Frederick L. Gratiot 
Lawrence Murray Graves 
Tappan Gregory 
Lee Henry Griffin 
Mark Emmet Guerin 

Washington, D. C, 
Ward Earl Guest 
Richard Walden Hale, Jr. 

Needham, Massachusetts 
George Halperin 
Alfred Ernest Hamill 

Arthur Little Hamilton 

Sugar Hill, New Hampshire 
Bengt Leopold Knutson 

Edgar Lockwood Hamilton 
John Leonard Hancock 
Norman Hapgood 

New York, N. Y. 
Edward John HLarding 

Seattle, Washington 
William Knott Harding 
Jess Dean Harper 
Paul Vincent Harper 
Samuel Alain Harper 
Winfield Scott Harpole 

Date oj Election 
December 15, 191 9 

December 18, 1916 

December 21, 1883 

February 27, 1884 

April 1 4, 1 941 

November 6, 1936 
December 14, 1936 
December 18, 1944 
April 7, 1930 
November 8, 1920 
April 8, 191 8 
May 4, 1883 
November 3, 1919 
November 26, 1934 

February 26, 1877 
March 12, 1945 
March 6, 1922 
March 25, 1946 
February 8, 1937 
April 12, 1937 
May 13, 191 8 

November 7, 1932 
February 2, 1942 

January 9, 1931 
April 25, 1 92 1 

November 11, 1935 
February 25, 191 8 

May 4, 1936 
March 6, 1922 
February 4, 1924 
January 15, 1894 

November 9, 1891 

April 12, 1937 
January 9, 1928 
December 18, 1916 
January 26, 1934 
May 6, 1907 

Date Membership 

Died, January 17, 1926 
Died, January 26, 1927 

Resigned, October i, 1938 
Died, February 25, 1944 

Died, January 20, 1936 
April 4, 1927 

Died, January 17, 1936 
Resigned, February i, 1923 

Resigned, October 23, 1940 

Resigned, March 20, 1928 
Died, April 29, 1937 
Died, December 14, 1926 
October i, 1938 

Resigned, October i, 1938 
Resigned, October i, 1926 

[ 115 ] 

Karl Edwin Harriman 
Russell Hassler 
Albert Baird Hastings 

Boston, Massachusetts 
Edward Howard Hatton 
William H, Hazlett 
John Reardon Heath 
Josef Ludvig Hektoen 
Henry S. Henschen 
James Bryan Herrick 
William Harrison Holly 
William Henry Holmes 
McPherson Holt 
John Lamar Hopkins 
Henry Horner 
Ralph Horween 
Clarence Augustus Hough February 9, 1925 
Theodore Carswell Hume May 6, 1935 

Claremont, California 
Francis J. Hurley 
Stephen Edward Hurley 
Harry Sigmund Hyman 
Henry Downing Jacobs 
Samuel Jacobsohn 
Thomas Gumming MacMillan 

Date of Election 
November 3, 191 9 
May 4, 1936 
November 23, 1931 

May 19, 1924 
February 10, 1941 
December 21, 1925 
February 7, 1938 
January 23, 1928 
May 31, 1909 
April 28, 1930 
November 11, 1935 
January 16, 1922 
December 9, 191 8 
October 30, 1922 
March 13, 1939 

May I, 1939 
November 26, 1934 
April 21, 1913 
November 14, 1910 
December 11, 1944 

Frank Le Baron Jenney 
Marcus W. Jernigan 
Theodore Jessup 
Bruce Johnstone 

Inverness, California 
Llewellyn Jones 

Cambridge, Massachusetts 
Thomas Davies Jones 
Walter Clyde Jones 
Clay Judson 
Edwin Roulette Keedy 

Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 
Chauncey Keep 
Arthur Isaac Kendall 
William Kent 

Kentfield, California 
Meyer Kestnbaum 
WiLLARD LeRoy King 
William H. King, Jr. 
Wendell J. S. Krieg 
Sidney Kuh 

Alvin Wilford Laforge 
Urban Augustus Lavery 
Orange Judd Laylander 

March 16, 1936 
January 23, 191 1 
April 7, 1930 
January 8, 1900 
November 17, 1941 

January 4, 191 5 

January 26, 1880 
May 28, 1906 
March i, 1926 
March 10, 1913 

December 10, 1906 
November 7, 1921 
March 5, 1900 

November 17, 1941 
December 18, 1922 
November 25, 1940 
January 15, 1945 
February 15, 191 5 
May 26, 1 91 9 
December 15, 191 9 
April 9, 1928 

[ 116 1 

Date Membership 


Resigned, October i, 1926 

Resigned, October 6, 1941 

December 13, 1926 

Resigned, October i, 1933 

Resigned, February i, 1939 
Resigned, February i, 1926 
Died, February 5, 1938 
Died, October 6, 1940 

Died, January 5, 1935 
Died, October 22, 1942 

Died, July 7, 1941 
Not known 

Resigned, October i, 1938 

February 7, 1938 
Resigned, July i, 1932 

Died, September 27, 1930 
Died, March 28, 1928 

Died, August 12, 1929 
Resigned, October i, 1933 
Died, March 13, 1928 

Resigned February 15, 1927 
May 17, 1926 
Resigned, April 2, 1930 

Blewett Lee 

Atlanta, Georgia 
Edward Noble Lee 
Edward Thomas Lee 
John Thomas Lee 
Harvey Brace Lemon 
G. Russell Leonard 

Altadena, California 
Charles Leviton 
Edwin Herbert Lewis 

Palo Alto, California 
Walter Lichtenstein 

Robert Todd Lincoln 

Washington, D. C. 
Charles Augustus 

South Bend, Indiana 
Wilson V. Little 
Edwin Lyman Lobdell 
Max Loeb 

Frank Joseph Loesch 
John Avery Lomax 

Dallas, Texas 
Herbert Ivory Lord 

Detroit, Michigan 
Frank. Orren Lowden 

Oregon, Illinois 
Charles Doak Lowry 
Arno Benedict Luckhardt 
Frank Worthington Lynch 

San Francisco, California 
Nathan William 

Libertyville , Illinois 
Julian William Mack 

New York, N. Y. 
Franklin MacVeagh 
Chauncey C. Maher 
Edward Manley 
Louis L. Mann 
William Henry Manns 
George Linnaeus Marsh 
Edward Moss Martin 
Franklin H. Martin 
Marion Thruston Martin 
Frederick Z. Marx 
Alfred Bishop Mason 

New York, N. Y. 

Date of Election 
April 1 6, 1894 and 
February 15, 191 5 
April 14, 1941 
January 4, 191 5 
November 3, 1919 
March 6, 1922 
December 13, 1937 

November 20, 1939 
November 13, 191 1 

November 6, 1916 

November 19, 1928 
February 21, 1876 

January 10, 1898 

April 22, 1946 
November 18, 1912 
May 19, 1924 
February i, 1909 
March 25, 191 8 

May 15, 1905 

March 13, 1893 

September 23, 1904 
January 27, 1928 
January 4, 191 5 

May 18, 1906 

April 4, 1892 

March 31, 1874 
November 11, 1935 
October 22, 191 7 
November 3, 1930 
December 12, 1921 
December 17, 191 7 
February 8, 1937 
November 26, 1923 
February 4, 1935 
May 10, 1926 
November 16, 1874 

Date Membership 

Died, December 14, 1943 

Died, June 6, 1938 
Resigned, June 20, 1931 

Died, July 26, 1926 

Died, March 14, 1929 

Died, May 22, 1936 
Resigned, January 13, 1928 
Died, July 31, 1944 

Died May 25, 1933 
Died, March 20, 1943 

Died, September 4, 1943 

Died, July 6, 1934 

Died, May 15, 1932 
Resigned, February i, 1936 
December 13, 1926 

Resigned, November i, 1939 
Died, March 7, 1935 
Resigned April 27, 1937 

Died, January 25, 1933 

[ 117 ] 

Arthur John Mason 

Bate of Election 
January 13, 191 i 
January 20, 194I 
March 8, 1937 
December 12, 1921 

April 16, 1894 

April 8, 1890 

December 30, 1881 

November 28, 1938 

February 2, 1942 
May 19, 1924 
December 21, 1925 
January 16, 1922 

May 14, 1915 

Michael Livingood Mason 
D. Roy Mathews 
Robert Elden Mathews 

Columbus, Ohio 
Herman Lewis Matz 
William Andrew 

Mamaroneck, New York 
Cyrus Hall McCormick. 
Thomas Chalfont 

Warren Sturgis 


James Edward McDade 
John Patrick McGoorty 
Kenneth McKenzie* 

Princeton, New Jersey 
Andrew Cunningham 

Franklin Chambers McLEANjanuary 4, 1937 
Raymond Forrest McNally December 14, 1936 

St. Louis, Missouri 
William A. McSwain November 16, 1936 

George Herbert Mead November 7, 1921 

Henry Castle Albert Mead November 23, 1931 
John Collier Mechem February 28, 1921 

Charles Patrick Megan January 17, 1921 
Franklin Julius Meine November 11, 1935 

Edwin Lillie Miller 

Detroit, Michigan 
Charles Philip Miller, Jr 
John Stocker Miller, Jr. 
Beveridge Harshaw Moore November 6, 1916 
Charles Aaron Moorman April 7, 1930 
Victor Morawetz 

New York, N. Y. 
Jared Kirtland Morse 
Robert Arthur Mowat 
Clarence W. Muehlberger December 19, 1938 

East Lansing, Michigan 
Edwin Alston Munger December 5, 1927 

Royal F. Munger May 5, 1929 

Charles Arthur Myall April 5, 1926 
Charles Alexander Nelson November 9, 1891 

Mount Vernon, New York 
Clarence Adolph Neyman 
George Perry Nichols 
Harold William Norman 
David Mathew No yes 

Hollywood, California 

November 27, i! 

February 13, 1933 
January 22, 1917 

November 24, 1879 

December 12, 1921 
November 26, 1934 

May 26, 1919 
February 9, 1925 
November 28, 1938 
December 19, 1938 

Date Membership 
Died, June 28, 1933 

Died, December 12, 1945 
Died, June 27, 1937 
Died, June 2, 1936 

Resigned, July 3, 1931 
Resigned, February i, 194I 

Resigned, October i, 1931 
Resigned, February i, 1938 

Died, April 26, 1931 
Resigned, August i, 1942 
Resigned, October 15, 1926 

February 7, 1938 
Died, August 21, 1934 

Resigned, July 12, 1941 
Resigned, February i, 1931 
Died, February 29, 1944 
Resigned, February 21, 1933 
Died, May 18, 1938 

Resigned, February i, 1930 
Died, October 11, 1946 

Died, September 18, 1930 
Resigned, January 18, 1932 
Died, February 18, 1930 
Died, January 12, 1933 

May 17, 1926 
January I4, 1927 


John Nuveen, Jr 
David Sidney Oakes 
Howard Vincent O'Brien 
Eric Oldberg 
Holmes Onderdonk 
Casper William Ooms 

Chevy Chase, Maryland 
Hugh Robert Orr 
Roy Clifton Osgood 
Jesse Myron Owen 
George Packard 
Russell Packard 
George Arthur Paddock 
Benjamin Eldridge Page 
Alonzo Winslow Paige 

Schenectady, New York 
Leslie Monroe Parker 
Norman S. Parker 
Charles Edgar Pence 
William Ferdinand 

HoLMAN Dean Pettibone 
Myron Henry Phelps 
Elbridge Bancroft Pierce 
Douglass Pillinger 
Irving Kane Pond 
Louis Freeland Post 

Washington, D. C. 
Harold H. Postel 
Roscoe Pound 

Cambridge, Massachusetts 
Henry Alfred Poveleite 

Cincinnati, Ohio 
George Griffith Powers 
Robert Bruce Preble 
John Van Prohaska 
Charles Bernard Puestow 
Ernst Wilfred Puttkammer 
Anan Raymond 
Charles Bert Reed 
Clark Scammon Reed 
Curtis Williford Reese 
Alexander Frederick 

Max Rheinstein 
Charles Spencer 

New Haven, Connecticut 
William Lee Richardson 

Hingham, Massachusetts 
Samuel Mayo Rinaker 

Date oj Election 
December 21, 1925 
May 2, 1938 
November 8, 1943 
December 18, 1944 
January 16, 1921 
February 3, 1930 

January 17, 1921 
April 26, 191 5 
December 22, 1924 
November 26, 1894 
April 22, 1946 
May 4, 1 93 1 
May 24, 1920 
March 22, 1880 

December 6, 1943 
December 6, 1943 
November 20, 1930 

October 30, 1922 
May 21, 1923 
December 6, 1886 
April 21, 1941 
April 22, 1940 
November 12, 1888 
October 28, 1901 

January 31, 1944 
March I4, 1910 

April 3, 191 1 

November 19, 1928 
February 7, 1921 
December I4, 1942 
January 20, 1941 
March 12, 1923 
November 7, 1932 
December 10, 1906 
April 21, 1919 
November 26, 1923 

January 20, 1913 
November 20, 1939 

January 14, 1907 

December 6, 1920 

December 12, 1921 

[ 119] 

Date Membership 

Resigned, June 6, 1931 

December 13, 1926 
Died, December 13, 1932 

Resigned, October 11, 1937 
Died, December 4, 1925 

Died, July 22, 1941 

Resigned October i, 1935 
Not known 

Died, September 29, 1939 
Died, January 10, 1928 

Not known 

Died, July 9, 1944 
Resigned, February i, 1929 

Died, September 5, 1940 

May 14, 1934 

Resigned, February i, 1930 

Not known 

Died, May 19, 1940 

Carl Otto Kinder 
Paul Lockwood Ritten- 


George Evan Roberts 

Larchmont, New York 
Egbert Robertson 
Sidney L. Robin 
Edward Stevens Robinson 
Harry Franklin Robinson 
Carl Bismarck Roden 
Erwin W. Roemer 
Lessing Rosenthal 
Charles Owen Rundall 
Edwin Warner Ryerson 
Martin Antoine Ryerson 
William Godfrey Sage 
William McIntire Salter 

Silver Lake, New Hampshire 
Carlos Pomeroy Sawyer 
Joseph Halle Schaffner 
Elmer Schlesinger 
Hermann Irving 
Frederick W. Schlutz 
Otto Leopold Schmidt 
Theodore Schmidt 
Bernadotte Everly Schmitt 

Alexandria, Virginia 
Henry Lenzen Schmitz 
BowEN WisNER Schumacher 
Arthur Pearson Scott 
Frank Hamline Scott- 
Harry Fletcher Scott 

Athens, Ohio 
Louis Martin Sears 

West Lafayette, Indiana 
Trevor K. Serviss 
George Steele Seymour 
Malcolm P. Sharp 
Victor Louis Sherman 
Andrew Rothwell Sherriff 
Earle Astor Shilton 
Paul Shorey 
Howard Lyle Simmons 
James Persons Simonds 
William Edward Simonds* 

Ithaca, New York 
Ernest Sylvester Simpson 
Archibald Whittier 

Date of Election 
December i, 1929 

November 7, 1927 
April 18, 1910 

March i, 1943 
December 14, 1936 
January 25, 1926 
May 19, 1924 
December 17, 1917 
March 8, 1937 
January 10, 1898 
November 23, 1931 
November 7, 1921 
March 2, 1891 
December 13, 1909 
March 9, 1885 

February 15, 1904 
November 5, 1923 
January 17, 1910 

May 9, 1932 
January 26, 1931 
November 12, 1909 
December 5, 1927 
December 5, 1927 

January 20, 194I 
December 21, 1925 
February 28, 1921 
May 4, 1891 
January 17, 1921 

May 15, 1916 

December 9, 1935 
May 3, 1943 
January 24, 1938 
November 19, 1928 
October 25, 1926 
February 15, 1932 
October 31, 1884 
March 6, 1922 
March 12, 1923 
January 16, 1922 

February 26, 1923 

March 2, 1925 

[ 120 ] 

Date Membership 

Resigned, May 21, 1928 

Died, February 27, 1937 

Resigned, February i, 1934 
Died, August 11, 1932 
Resigned, June 16, 1926 
Died, July 30, 1931 

Resigned, October i, 1934 
Died, February 20, 1929 

Resigned, February i, 1939 
Died, August 20, 1935 

Died, January 21, 1927 
Resigned, August 23, 1927 
Died, October 11, 1931 
Died, October 28, 1941 

February 2, 1942 

Died, September 7, 1945 

Resigned, October i, 1939 

Died, March 18, 1935 

Died, April 24, 1934 
Resigned, October i, 1931 

December 13, 1926 
Resigned, August 14, 1940 

Henry Justin Smith 
Howard Leslie Smith 

Madison, Wisconsin 
Sidney Alden Smith 
Isaac Alonzo Smothers 
Denton Jaques Snider 

St, Louis, Missouri 
Franklyn Bliss Snyder 
Ralph Monroe Snyder 
Will M. Sparks 
Charles Riggs Sprowl 
James A. Sprowl 
Samuel Cecil Stanton 

Hinsdale, Illinois 
Merritt Starr 
Lewis Abyram Stebbins 
Paul Steinbrecher 
Otto Albert Steller 
Richard Corwine Stevenson 
Joseph Stolz 
William Benson Storey 
Everett Lee Strohl 
George Warner Swain 
Harold Higgins Swift 
William Charles Tanner 
Robert Cable Teare 

Wynnewood, Pennsylvania 
Schuyler Baldwin Terry 
Frederick. Cleveland Test 
Frank Wright Thomas 
James Westfall Thompson 

Berkeley, California 
Slason Thompson 
W'Illiam McIlwain 

Samuel Edmund Thorne 

New Haven, Connecticut 
Louis Leon Thurstone 
Arthur James Todd 
Albert Harris Tolman 
Floyd Williams Tomkins, Jr, 
Howard Van Sinderen 

Melvin Alvah Traylor 
Walter Emanuel Treanor 
Charles Henderson True 
Arthur Ray Turner 

Washington, D. C. 
Frederic Ullmann 
Thomas Ingle Underwood 

Date of Election 
May 19, 1924 
December 19, 1898 

December 11, 1944 
December 17, 1923 
December 3, 1888 

December 18, 1916 
January 21, 1946 
May 13, 1935 
April 22, 1946 
April ID, 1944 
May 26, 1919 

April 16, 1894 
October 12, 1917 
May I, 1933 
May 8, 1922 
January 9, 1931 
December 15, 1902 
April 22, 1935 
April 26, 1937 
May 15, 1922 
November 3, 1919 
February 6, 1905 
November 19, 1928 

February 28, 1921 
January 23, 1928 
March 6, 1922 
February 20, 1899 

December 27, 1880 

February i, 1909 
November 28, 1938 

January 11, 1943 
January 16, 1922 
February i, 1909 
.December 21, 1891 

November 27, 1933 
April 21, 1919 
November 28, 1938 
February 12, 1923 
February 5, 1940 

February 27, 1928 
April 6, 1925 

[ 121 ] 

Date Membership 
Resigned, October 20, 1926 
Died, January 22, 1941 

Resigned, February 24, 1930 
Died, November 25, 1925 

Resigned, September 30, 1925 

Died, August 2, 1931 

Died, January 13, 1937 
May 20, 1929 

Died, February 7, 1941 
Died, October 24, 1940 

Died, March 21, 1941 

Not known 

April 26, 1937 

Resigned, April 2, 1930 
Died, September 30, 1941 

Resigned, October i, 1933 

Resigned, June 5, 1930 

Resigned, October i, 1936 
Died, December 25, 1928 
Died, March 24, 1932 

Died, December 23, 1945 
Resigned, November 18, 1925 
Died April 26, 1941 
Resigned, October i, 1936 

Resigned, July 24, 194I 
May 2, 1927 

George Burwell Utley 
Derrick Vail 
John Valentine 
Joseph Loring Valentine 
Theodore R. Van Dellen 
Gerhardt Von Bonin 
Frank Gibson Ward 
John Weaver 
Charles William Wendte 
Benjamin Wham 
Charles Crawford 

Herbert Clarkson 

Russell Whitman 

George Francis Whitsett 

Mill Valley, California 
Edward Byers Wilcox 
John Daniel Wild 
Payson Sibley Wild 
Seargent Peabody Wild 

Rutland, Vermont 
Henry Percy Williams 
DeWitt Cosgrove Wing 
Henry Milton Wolf 
Harry Hinds Wood 
Walter Mabie Wood 

Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 
William Creighton 

RoLLiN Turner Woodyatt 
Austin L. Wyman 
Victor S. Yarros 

La Jolla, California 
Charles Yeomans 
Ulysses Simpson Young 

Glen Ellyn, Illinois 
William Foster Young 
John Maxcy Zane 

Ernest Bloomfield Zeisler 
Erwin Paul Zeisler 
Paul Bloomfield Zeisler 
SiGMUND Zeisler 
Edward Americus 

Herbert Paul Zimmerman 

Date of Election 
April 6, 1925 
February 18, 1946 
April 30, 1945 
January 7, 1921 
February 18, 1946 
November 8, 1943 
May I, 1916 
April 9, 1928 
December 21, 1874 
December 13, 1926 

December 6, 1920 

May 4, 1925 
April 8, 1890 

March 19, 1934 
May 19, 1924 

January 4, 1932 
November 14, 1910 
December 15, 1902 
April 8, 1929 

November i, 191 5 
March 24, 1913 
May 28, 1906 
April 8, 1935 
October 28, 1901 

November 19, 1928 
November 22, 1915 
March 25, 1946 
December 7, 1903 

November 3, 1919 
January 15, 1934 

May 10, 1926 
December 4, 1905 

January 14, I935 
December 5, 1927 
November 16, 1936 
December 5, 1927 
March 13, 1893 

May 3, 1943 
October 25, 1926 

Date Membership 
Died, October 4, 1946 

Resigned, October i, 1926 

Died, October 17, 1930 

May 18, 1931 

Died, September 9, 1931 

Resigned, February i, 1931 
Resigned, June 6, 1936 

Died, August 6, 1929 

Died, October 5, 1928 
Died, June 4, 1935 
Died, May 23, 1941 

Resigned, October 9, 1937 
April 26, 1937 

Died, February 18, 1935 

Died, December 6, 1937 

Resigned, March 14, 193^ 
Died, June 4, 1931 

Resigned, October 3, 1930 

[ 122 ] 


Appendix C 




FROM May 19, 1924 TO May 7, 1945 


Gordon Crowell Abbott 

Picturesque Mexico (An informal talk) 

Fred Lyman Adair 

The Evolution of Maternal Care 

Rudolph Altrocchi 
Aspects of Humor 

Edward Scribner Ames 

One Day in Athens 
Religious Humanism 

A Critical Constructive View of Religion — A Spiritual 

Arvid Lawrence Anderson 

The Side Show 
Murder Suspect 
Up Periscope 

Edmund Andrews 

Vikings of the Pacific 
Frederick Bernard /Andrews 

A Hoosler Sunset 
Sandwiches and Kings 
In Defense of Worrying 

Francis Marion Arnold 
A Month on the Nile 
Appreciation of Music 
Our Greatest Composer 

Some Relations of Music to Life (Illustrated with the 

[ 1^3 ] 

March 24, 1930 

February 14, 1938 

October 19, 1925 

May 18, 1925 
December 13, 1926 
December i, 1930 

December 3, 1934 

December 5, 1938 
October I4, 1940 
April 3, 1944 

January 6, 1936 

April 17, 1933 
April 20, 1936 
December 12, 1938 

March 9, 1925 
February 8, 1926 
November 28, 1927 

March 10, 1930 

Paul Valentine Bacon 

Leonardo da Vinci (Read originally by the author before 
the Club on January 30, 191 1. Re-read by Llewellyn 
Jones on this occasion) 

Percival Bailey 


Haci Bektas Veli 
Musa Dagh 

Robert Walter Balderston 
The Gopatis 
Betsy Ross, Myth or History? 

George Wildman Ball 
The American Traveler 

John Potts Barnes 
The Peerless Advocate 
Consumer Co-op. A Story 
Rose Anna's Return 

Emmet Blackburn Bay 

The Pathologic Physiology of Endowed Institutions 

John Townsend Beatty 

Ross James Beatty, Jr. 

The Spatial Relationship of Art and Architecture 
Los Californios 

Chester Sharon Bell 

Andrew Johnson 
Nathan Sidney Blumberg 

Coffee, the Biography of a Beverage 

Eighteen Cases; The Supreme Court vs The Constitution 

George Boller 

Printing and the Renaissance 
George Kenney Bowden 


Preston Bradley 

Some Personal Impressions of Iceland (Ladies' Night 

Robert Collyer 
My Patron Saint 
My Summer Neighbors 

[ 124 ] 

January 29, 1934 

October 21, 1935 
January 8, 1940 
March 24, 1941 
January 8, 1945 

March 2, 1936 
February 7, 1938 

October 28, 1940 

January 12, 1934 
April 26, 1937 
January 20, 1941 

December 18, 1939 

March 5, 1934 
October 25, 1937 

March 5, 1934 
January 4, 1937 
February 10, 194I 

March 11, 1940 

April 10, 1939 
April 2, 1945 

February 9, 1942 

February 19, 1934 
February 17, 1936 
May 2, 1938 

March 23, 1931 
March 4, 1935 
February 7, 1944 
January 15, 1945 

Melvin a. Brannon 

Time Thinking 

Horace James Bridges 

The Religious Objection to the Animal Origin of Man, 

and the Misunderstanding Involved in it. 
Mr. Bridges presents Mr. H. L. Mencken 
A Misadventure of Sherlock Holmes 
A Tragedy of Ceylon: An Adventure of Sherlock Holmes. 
(Ladies' Night address) 

James Andrew Britton 
The Fight Against Tuberculosis 
The Professions and Modern Racketeering 

Charles Leroy Brown 

An Affront to a Literary Coterie and Its Influence on 
History Writing 

Benjamin Franklin Buck 

Schools and School Masters 

Paul C. Bucy 

The Sea to the South 
One December Morning 
It's Poison! 

Theodore Arthur Buenger 

Galla Placidia 


The Greek Anthology 

Gregory the Great 

The Family 

Walter Llewellyn Bullock 

Giovanni Pascoli, Second in a Great Triad of Italian 

The Poetry of Gabriele D'Annunzio 

George Christian Bunge 

John Law 

Legal Antiquities 

Pierce Butler 

Adventures in Rare Bookmanship 
The Ancient Books of Wales 
The Literary History of Scholarship 
Literary Art; Craftsmanship or Personality 
The Tale of the Young Man who Lost his Baggage Keys. 
(Ladies' Night address) 

James C. Cahill 

Poetry of the Commonplace and in the Commonplace 

Bertram J. Cahn 

The Story of the Chicago Crime Commission 

[ 125 ] 

March 8, 1937 

November 2, 1925 
January 17, 1927 
January 18, 1943 

November 29, 1943 

March 16, 1931 
February 26, 1934 

January 27, 1936 

April 19, 1926 

November i, 1937 
December 4, 1939 
February 22, 1943 

February i, 1932 
October 14, 1935 
October 23, 1939 
December 14, 1942 
October 30, 1944 

December 21, 1931 
May 12, 1935 

December 9, 1935 
January 15, 1940 

March 31, 1931 
December 5, 1932 
February 8, 1937 
January 22, 1940 

March 30, 1942 
December 22, 1924 
December 2, 1940 

John M. Cameron 
The Lowly Pun 
The Novels of Major Baring 
Madame de Sevigne 

An Ancient Wonder Worker (Presidential Address) 
A Modern Aspasia 
The Fourth Century 

Herbert John Campbell 
The Bondage of the Past 
Literary Gossip 

Paul Roberts Cannon 

Covered Wagons 

War, Famine and Pestilence 

James Gray Carr 

Eleven Editions of Osier 
Rudolf Virchow 

Anton J, Carlson 
Hunger (Illustrated) 
Black Oxen and Toggenberg Goats 

(Ladies' Night Address) 
Bringing Home the Sheep 
Obstacles in the Way of an Optimum Diet 

George Frederick Cassell 
Of Such as These 
We Read Poetry 
Excursion into Verse 

Edwin Henry Cassels 
College for Whom and Why? 

Joseph Chada 

The Czechs in America 

Henry Barrett Chamberlin 
Reminiscences of a War Correspondent 
Further Reminiscences of a War Correspondent 

Henry Porter Chandler 

The Self-Revelation of a Harvard Professor 
The Attainment of Intelligence in Democracy 
The State as Parens Patriae 

The Right of Free Speech in England and the United 

William Ludlow Chenery 
The Modern Magazine 

Charles Edward Cheney 

The Barefoot Maid at the Fountain Inn (Read by the 
author originally November 13, 191 1. Re-read by E. 
W. Puttkammer) 

[ 126 ] 

January 5, 1925 
January 18, 1929 
February 29, 1932 
October 2, 1933 
November 18, 1935 
January 12, 1938 

April 18, 1927 
March 15, 1937 

April 18, 1938 
November 16, 1942 

December 4, 1933 
April 5, 1937 

January 13, 1930 
January 11, 1932 

March 29, 1937 
February 20, 1939 
November 30, 1942 

October 26, 1931 
February 25, 1935 
November 20, 1939 

March 28, 1927 

January 19, 1942 

November 9, 1936 
December 11, 1939 

May II, 1925 
March 25, 1929 
January 4, 1932 

December 13, 1937 
February 10, 1930 

May 12, 194I 

Jacob Wendell Clark 

Pragmatism and Mountebanks 

Fashion (Published by the Club in February, 1930) 

The U. S. Visits the Doctor 

Rudolph Alexander Clemen 
Every Man His Own Aladdin 
The Century Plant and Us 

Robert Collyer 

Literature and Great Cities (Read by the author, the 
first president of the Club, on June 15, 1874. Re-read 
by Casper W. Ooms on the sixtieth Anniversary of the 
Founding of the Club) 

Homer Hunt Cooper 
An Obsolete Shield of Guilt 
An Unwritten Biography 

Arthur Jose'ph Cramp 
Pink Pills for Green People 
Out of the Mouths of Babes and Others 
Uncle Sam and the Pink Pill Industry 

Carey Croneis 

Science and the Future 

Bowman Corning Crowell 

The White Man in the Tropics 

Experiences with People 

The Influence of Mars on the Progeny of Aesculapius 

Irving Samuel Cutter 

Fort Atkinson and the Yellowstone Expedition 
The Case of the Lincoln, Nebraska City Council 
Edwin James: Explorer, Botanist, Physician 
Charles M. Russell, Cowboy Painter 

Charles Sidney Cutting 

The Trials of a Lawyer 
Samuel Dauchy 

Yankee Clippers 

Henri Charles-Edouard David 

Motoring with Belphegor 

Pierre Loti, the Exotic 

The Destiny of the Soul (Presidential Address) 

Marcel Proust 


Beaumarchais— A Business Man— A Man of Letters 

"La Douceur de Vivre" under the Reign of Terror 

The Physicians in Moliere 

George E. Dawson 

The X Club (Presidential Address) 

[ 1^7 ] 

May 10, 1926 
May 20, 1929 
March 27, 1933 

May 18, 1931 
February 20, 193^ 

April 2, 1934 

February 20, 1928 
October 28, 1935 

December 6, 1926 
October 27, 1930 
January 15, 1934 

March 13, 1944 

November 10, 1930 
April 29, 1942 
November 22, 1943 

March 12, 1928 
May II, 1931 
April I, 1935 
February 16, 1942 

May 4, 1 93 1 
February 25, 1929 

November 21, 1927 
February 4, 1929 
October 7, 1929 
January 7, 1929 
November 8, 1937 
November 6, 1939 
December 16, 1940 
April 20, 1942 

October 6, 1924 
January 8, 1934 

Frederic Adrian Delano 

(Read originally by the author January 31, 1910. Re- 
read by Casper W. Ooms) 

William Edward Dodd 

A Great Debate on a Great Subject 
"A Decent Respect to the Opinions of Mankind." 
A Chapter from American History 
History and Patriotism 

The First Integrated Social Order in the South 
Robert J. Walker, Imperialist (Written originally for the 
Club in 1 91 2. Read by Carl B. Roden) 

Paul H. Douglas 

Some New Material on Robert Owen and Robert Dale 

Lester Reynold Dragstedt 

The Guardian of the Wilderness 
An Old Town Pump 

Samuel John Duncan-Clark 
Adventures in Ruralia 
Star Gazers 

How I discovered a New World at Fifty 
A First Century Reporter— A Study of John Mark and 

His Narrative 
The Story of the Struggle for World Peace 

George Turnley Dyer, Jr. 
Is Sociology a Science? 

Francis Howard Eldridge 

The Ephemeridae of Literature 
Tribes Hill and a Vanished League of Nations 
A Glance at Spengler 
To Secure these Blessings 
Who is This Confucius? 
Not Wholly as the Twig was Bent 
Mars and the Daughters of Mnemosyne, 1918-1943 
(Presidential Address) 

John Dayhuff Ellis 

Mass Production — End Products 
Ambroise Pare 

Godfrey J. Eyler 

Waldemar in the Parsonage 

In Praise of a Declining Art 

Early American Maps (Illustrated) 

Waldemar Leaves the Parsonage 

Eight Men Lived in a Tent 

Waldemar's Flegel Jahre 

Man's Struggle Against Authority 

\ 128 1 

December 18, 1933 

April 12, 1926 
May 2, 1927 
October 31, 1927 
March 11, 1929 
January 20, 1930 

May II, 1942 

February 2, 1942 

January 12, 1931 
April 9, 1934 
February 6, 1939 

February 9, 1925 
February 28, 1927 
January 23, 1928 

November 11, 1929 
October 19, 1931 

April 5, 1943 

February 6, 1928 
April 25, 1932 
April 30, 1934 
April 25, 1938 
April I, 1940 
March 8, 1943 

October 11, 1943 

April 24, 1933 
April 22, 1935 

March 14, 1927 
April 15, 1929 
March 9, 1931 
April 16, 1934 
March i, 1937 
March 4, 1940 
March 22, 1943 

Otho Samuel Fasig 

Lincoln and Prohibition: A Speculation 

Robert Collyer Fergus 
The Great American Commoner 

Stephen Arnold Douglas: The Beginning of the Illinois 
Central Railroad 

Morris Fishbein 

A Short Story, "The Birds" 


Medicine in a Changing World and Food Fads and 

The Dreaded 1960's (One half of Ladies' Night program. 

See Hough) 
I can Remember When 
Modern Medical Charlatans 
The Last of the Great Charlatans 

John Sharpless Fox 

A Modern Gulliver 

Schoolcraft, Traveller, Explorer, Naturalist 

George W. Gale 

Silver Creek 

Ralph Waldo Gerard 

The Shears of Atropos 
Unresting Cells 

Sanford Robinson Gifford 

Some Old Eye Doctors and Pseudo Eye Doctors 
Arthur Symons. The Aetiology of a Literary Crush 
Garlic and Old Horse-Blankets 
Nasturtiums and Stained Glass 

Irwin Thoburn Gilruth 

A Circuit Rider of the Last Century 
On Going to Extremes 

The Last of the Victorians (Presidential Address) 
The Social Novel 

Some Observations on the Nature and Standards of 
Amateur Literary Effort 

Leroy Truman Goble 
Punch — The Immortal Year 

Billy Earl Goetz 
The Arithmetic of Choice 
The Usefulness of the Impossible 

November 14, 1932 

March 2, 1942 
January 3, 1944 

December i, 1924 
November 23, 1925 

November 19, 1928 

March 31, 1930 
December 2, 1935 
November 15, 1937 
December 18, 1944 

February 24, 1936 
March 20, 1944 

November 20, 1944 

October 31, 1938 
November 27, 1939 
November 13, 1944 

April 6, 1 93 1 
November 11, 1935 
December i, 194I 
February 14, 1944 

May 6, 1929 
March 26, 1934 
October 12, 1936 
April 8, 1940 

January 11, 1943 

March 16, 1925 

March 23, 1936 
May 9, 1938 
April 21, 1941 


Frederick William Gookin 


Tappan Gregory 

The Camera's Catch of North American Wild Animals 

Eze, on the Corniche 
The Black Sox 
The Whisper of the Guns 

Ward Earl Guest 
A Literary Hoax 

Richard Walden Hale, Jr. 

The Royal Americans 

George Halperin 

Gogol, the Dawn of the Russian Novel 



A Doctor Looks at Communism. A Trip to the U. S. S. R. 

Pushkin, Russia's Most Significant Figure 

Fascism and Social Revolution 


The Miracle of Russia's Resistance 

The Autumnal Chekov 

Bengt L. K. Hamilton 

The Relation between Good Government and Bad 

John Leonard Hancock 

Servants of the State 

Avast! Belay! We're Off for Baffin's Bay! 

Servants of the City 

Cross Currents 

Words, Words, Horatio 

Norman Hapgood 

The Modernness of Shakespeare's Women 

Jesse Dean Harper 

Antaeus Contends with Midas 

Samuel Alain Harper 
Man's High Adventure 

Albert Baird Hastings 

High Life 

John Reardon Heath 

Help Wanted; or Life at Dear Old St. Swithin's 


Black and Tan: The Jamaican Melange 

[ 130 ] 

April II, 1927 

March 6, 1939 
March 18, 1940 
February 17, 194I 
May 3, 1943 

January 20, 1936 
January 25, 1943 

December 14, 1931 
October 9, 1933 
May 6, 1935 
February 3, 1936 
March 28, 1938 
March 27, 1939 
February 3, 1941 
February i, 1943 
January 10, 1944 

January 12, 1942 

April 5, 1926 
February 11, 1929 
May I, 1933 
November 24, 1941 
November 27, 1944 

January 28, 1929 

May I, 1944 

December 16, 1935 

January 14, 1935 

May 12, 1930 
April 4, 1932 
April 13, 1936 

James Bryan Herrick 

Auenbrug^er and Laennec, the Founders of Physical 

Obiter Dicta Medica 
Medical Diagnosis for Laymen 
Castromediano, a Forgotten Patriot and Martyr of the 

Italian Risorgimento (Presidential Address) 
More Summers in a Garden 

The Story of a Good Boy (Ladies' Night address) 
Memories of Medicine and Medical Men in Chicago 

1 885-1942 

William Harrison Holly 

A Forgotten Governor (Ladies' Night address) 

Encyclopaedia Britannica— Third Edition 
A Rogue of the Renaissance (Ladies' Night address, read 
by Earle Shilton) 

Henry Horner 

Restless Ashes 
Restless Ashes II 
Restless Ashes III 

Ralph Horween 

The Battle of Jutland 

Admiral Sir William Sidney Smith— an Episode of Bona- 
part and Sea Power in the Eastern Mediterranean 

Clarence Augustus Hough 

Constellation Indiana in the Literary Firmament 
The Wild 1920's (one half of Ladies' Night address. See 

Theodore Carswell Hume 
A Rebel Against Reason 
Conscience and Compromise 

Francis J. Hurley 

Recollections of a Claim Adjuster 

Stephen Edward Hurley 

The Horatian Trail 

Quiet, Please 

Nonchalance (Ladies' Night address) 


Men of Lawe 

Harry Sigmund Hyman 

The Golden Fleece 
The New Orientation 
The Lost Art 

The Two Oracles. An Imaginary Conversation 
Mann — Historian and Artist 

Sour Grapes — Apologia pro Senectute (Presidential 

February 16, 1925 
January 9, 1928 
November 17, 1930 

October 5, 1931 
January 21, 1935 
January 30, 1939 

December 7, 1942 

October 31, 1932 
May 4, 1936 
March 7, 1938 

January 29, 1945 

April 27, 1925 
May 14, 1928 
April 27, 1 93 1 

May 13, 1940 
October 19, 1942 

February 21, 1927 
March 31, 1930 

January 25, 1937 
November 21, 1938 

January 31, 1944 

January 18, 1937 
January 9, 1939 
October 30, 1939 
November 2, 1942 
October 18, 1943 

January 26, 1925 
January 10, 1927 
March 4, 1929 
March 12, 1934 
February 26, 1940 

October 7, 1940 


James Clarke Jeffery 

Here and There in the Byways of Justice 

Marcus Wilson Jernigan 

Superstition Laid Low. The First Battle in New Eng- 
New Dealers and Social Planning during the American 

Theodore Jessup 

Llewellyn Jones 

Poetry: Good, Minor and Bad 

James Branch Cabell and Romance 

Omniscience, or How to be a Literary Editor (Ladies' 

Night address) 
The Philosophy of John Dewey 
Get Right with God, or the Gospel According to 

The Newspaper as a Form of Literature 
Scandinavian Adventures 

Clay Judson 

Old Kentucky Letters 

William Kent 

My Political Beginnings (Read by Carl B. Roden) 
Res Indigestae (Read by the author originally Novem- 
ber 27, 1905. Re-read by E. W. Puttkammer) 

Meyer Kestnbaum 

Six Days Shalt Thou Labor 

Willard L. King 

A Pioneer Court of Last Resort 

Insane Delusions 

Notes on Cheese 




Two Cultures (Presidential Address) 

Our Most Celebrated Member 

William H. King, Jr. 

A Yankee Lawyer in the Courts of Cook County 
Bacteria in 321 U. S. 

Urban Augustus Lavery 
Sergeant McGuffy's Breeches 

The Repudiation — A Stain on American Honor — The 
Case against Mississippi et al. 

October 13, 1924 

February 16, 1931 
March 11, 1935 

January 3, 1927 

January 25, 1926 
April 2, 1928 

April 29, 1929 
December 2, 1929 

March 14, 1932 
December 11, 1933 
February i, 1937 

November 26, 1928 

January 4, 1926 
October 23, 1933 

December 4, 1944 

October 27, 1924 
October 25, 1926 
April 28, 1930 
January 11, 1937 
January 16, 1939 
February 12, 1940 
October 6, 1941 
March 5, 1945 

March 16, 1942 
February 26, 1945 

January 11, 1926 
April 9, 1928 


O. J. Laylander 
Two Short Stories 
The Genesis of Pedagese 
Methuselah and Others 

A Boy Again 
Random Shots (Presidential Address) 

Edward Thomas Lee 

Reminiscences of Fifty Years 

A Chapter in United States History 

A Bit of History 

Harvey Brace Lemon 

Stars and Atoms (Illustrated) 

Albert Abraham Michelson, the Man and the Man of 

Science (Ladies' Night address) 
Cosmic Rays (Presidential Address) 
The Mystery of Light 
Epsilon Aurigae — Colossus Among Stars 

Charles Leviton 


Edwin Herbert Lewis 

On a Few Very Common Words 

Edwin Lyman Lobdell 

Recollections of Fifty-five Years in Chicago 
Some Personal Reminiscences of Well-Known 
Chicagoans of the Last Century 

Max Loeb 

Keeping Abreast 

Frank Joseph Loesch 

Personal Recollections of the Republican Convention of 

Personal Experiences during the Chicago Fire 
Four Pedagogues and a Boy (Presidential Address) 
A Domestic Tragedy 

Gleams from the Glimmerglass (Ladies' Night address) 
Memories of the Chicago Bar in the Seventies and 

Some Leading Chicago Businessmen in the Eighteen 

Nineties (Read by Bernadotte E. Schmitt) 

Charles Doak Lowry 

John Sevier, Tennessee's Pioneer Statesman 

The Working Theory of a Layman (Presidential Address) 

John Rankin, Black Abolitionist 


The Imperial Forest 

Genesis of a School System 

December 3, 1928 
January 27, 1930 
January 18, 1932 
February 5, 1934 
December 14, 1936 
October 11, 1937 

January 16, 1933 
February 22, 1937 
April 13, 1942 

December 19, 1927 

November 30, 1931 
October 3, 1932 
March 9, 1936 
April 4, 1938 

March 3, 1941 

February 15, 1932 

October 13, 1930 
November 19, 1934 

February i, 1926 

October 20, 1924 
October 12, 1925 
October 10, 1927 
April 27, 1936 
November 29, 1937 

April 22, 1940 

May 10, 1943 

March 2, 1925 
October 5, 1925 
May 13, 1929 
January 13, 1936 
April 3, 1939 
February 28, 1944 


Arno Benedict Luckhardt 

Historical Highlights and Shadows in the Discovery of 

General Anesthesia (Illustrated) 
An Adventure in Research 
Dr. William Beaumont and the Medical Epic of the 

Northwest Territory 
Collector's Items of a Medical Historical Bibliomaniac 

(Presidential Address) 

Chauncey C. Maher 


A Month of Fascism 


Edward Manley 

A Day that is Dead (Lincoln, Nebraska in the '70's) 

Louis L. Mann 

What the Disbeliever Believes: A Study in the Phi- 
losophy of Doubt 

George Linnaeus Marsh 

The Byron Centenary 

Poet into Sohcitor 

Chroniclers of the Fancy 

Spoon River a Century Ago 

The Boswelling of Boswell 

Snappers-up of Unconsidered Trifles 

This Other Eden, Demi-Paradise (Presidential Address) 

A Flight of Lame Ducks 


Franklin H. Martin 

Personal Health 

Frederick Z. Marx 
The Lawyer 

D, Roy Mathews 

French Exiles and English Relief, 1 792-1 802 
Generals and Geographers 

Herman Lewis Matz 

William Andrew McAndrew 


The Wells of Saint Boethius (Ladies' Night Address) 

Life Among the Boneheads 

Thomas Chalfont McConnell 

Indian Culture: Its Effect on Law and Politics South 
of the Border 

Luck and Witless Virtue vs Guile; in Which an English 
Clergyman proves the Nemesis of John (Jake the 
Barber) Factor, alias J. Wise, alias H. Guest 

The Egg 

[ 134] 

February 17, 1930 
May 15, 1933 

May 6, 1940 

October 5, 1942 

January 3, 1938 
April 24, 1939 
February 8, 1943 

January 25, 1932 

October 24, 1932 

November 3, 1924 
March 22, 1926 
March 19, 1928 
December 9, 1929 
March 19, 1934 
November 30, 1936 
October 10, 1938 
December 8, 1941 
December 6, 1943 

November i, 1926 

April 20, 1 93 1 

February 27, 1939 
December 13, 1943 

December 20, 1926 

February 2, 1925 
March 29, 1926 
October 17, 1927 

November 25, 1940 

March i, 1943 
November 15, 1943 

Warren Sturgis McCulloch 

One Word After Another 

James Edward McDade 
New Roads 

John Patrick McGoorty 

The Contribution of the Irish Race to America's Inde- 

Andrew Cunningham McLaughlin 
Lincoln as a World Figure 

Raymond Forrest McNally 
Echoes from Eire 

William A. McSwain 
A Senator Long Debates 

George Herbert Mead 
The Function of Philosophy 

Henry C. A. Mead 
Hawaiian Reminiscences 

Charles P, Megan 

In Chancery 

Dr. Bridge's Will (Presidential Address) 
Dry Law 

To Have and to Hold 
Murder in the Tower 
Six Scenes in Search of a Subject 
Dives Avoids a Tax I 

Charles Phillip Miller, Jr. 

Laennec, Inventor of the Stethoscope 

John Stocker Miller, Jr. 

Beveridge Harshaw Moore 

Some Random Musings on the Philosophy of Medi- 

Two Sides of the Question (Opponent James Persons 

The Study of Anatomy — Now and Then 

Old Mizzou 

La douce France 

Idle Thoughts of a Busy Fellow. Apologies to Jerome K. 

Betwixt the Devil and the Deep Blue Sea 

[ ^35 1 

March 12, 1945 
February 15, 1926 

March II, 1927 
February 13, 1928 
January 23, 1939 
January 17, 1944 
December 7, 1925 
April 6, 1936 

February 23, 1925 
December 21, 1925 
October 8, 1928 
February 23,^931 
January 28, 1935 
May I, 1939 
February 23, 1942 
February 21, 1944 

April 12, 1937 
April 13, 1925 

November 30, 1925 

March 5, 1928 
March 18, 1929 
November 18, 1929 
November 23, 1931 

February 4, 1935 
January 4, 1943 


Robert Arthur Mowat 

Burns and the Scotland of His Day 

Newman and Carlyle. A Study in Contrasts 

Jonathan Swift and His Times 

Tennyson, and His Influence on English Thought and 

Life and Letters in Scotland in the Eighteenth Century 

Clarence W. Muehlberger 
The Gentle Art of Poisoning 

Edwin Allston Munger 
As Told by the Survivors 

Royal Freeman Munger 
Finance Since the World War 

Harold William Norman 
The Rose of Sharon 
In Search of Education 

John Nuveen, Jr. 

Pilgrims, Pirates, and Parasites 
Jesse James was a Piker 
The Road to Fortune 
John Barleycorn, Esquire 
Plaint of a Bureaucrat 

David Sidney Oakes 

Escape by Sea 

One Sixth of a Dozen 

Casper William Oooms 

D. H. Lawrence: Censored and Unsung 

Review of "Magnus Merriman" by Eric Linklater 

Hugo Grotius 

Prophets With and Without Honor 

A Post Mortem of Political Prognoses 

American Dreyfus 

Hugh Robert Orr 
My Apology for Living 

Jesse Myron Owen 

A Landmark in Early Irish Literature: The Tain Bo 

A Study in Divided Loyalty 
John Woolman and Quakerism in American Colonies 

George Packard 

Some Prejudices and Impressions of an American Lawyer 

in London 
Some Further Samples of the Drama of Today 
Eugene O'Neill and Some of His Plays 
Fourteen Hundred Miles in the Sahara 

[ 136 ] 

February 15, 1937 
February 13, 1939 
October 13, 1941 

January 24, 1944 
May 7, 1945 

April 23, 1945 

November 25, 1929 

March 2, 1931 

March 9, 1942 
May 8, 1944 

March 3, 1930 
January 23, 1943 
May 3, 1937 
January 26, 1942 
December 11, 1944 

December 15, 1941 
March 6, 1944 

January 19, 1931 
May 7, 1934 
May II, 1936 
January 6, 1941 
March 15, 1943 
April 9, 1945 

November 17, 1924 

February 14, 1927 
February 27, 1928 
February 8, 1932 

January 19, 1925 
November 14, 1927 
January 14, 1929 
October 14, 1929 

Some Problems of a Desultory Drama Lover 
"O, There be players that I have seen play" 
Jean Nicolet and his Discovery of Lake Michigan 
A Lawyer Looks at Life 
A Puritan Pioneer of Liberty 
The Story of Tecumsch 
My Fifty Years at the Chicago Bar 
Some Mediaeval Dust in the Eyes of the Blindfolded 

George Arthur Paddock 

The Dividends of Crime 

William Ferdinand Petersen 
Hippocrates — One of the Forgotten Men 
We Owe a Cock to Asclepios 

HoLMAN Dean Pettibone 

Purse Strings 
Professions Incorporated 

Douglass Pillinger 
Within Four Walls 

Irving Kane Pond 

Education for Art and Life (Ladies' Night address) 

Lm a Member of the Cruise 

On Believing and Leaving 

Toward an American Architecture 

Hold Your Horses, the Elephants are Coming! 

What is Modern Architecture? 

Just One Thing after Another 

Do Children Think? 

RoscoE Pound 

Another Side of British Criminal Justice 

George Griffith Powers 

Uncle Americus 
The Daring Dane 
The Great Hauling 
Gabriel Takes a Wife 
Lowdown on Cousin George 

Ernst Wilfred Puttkammer 

The Most Commonplace Thing in the World 

Traveller's Tales 

A Glimpse of the Sahara (Illustrated) 

Letters from the A. E. F. 

More Letters from the A. E. F. 

Ibn Battuta 

The Princes of Thurn and Taxis 

The Marshals of France 

The Marshals of Napoleon (Presidential Address) 

November 24, 1930 
November 7, 1932 
November 5, 1934 
November 4, 1935 
October 18, 1937 
November 4, 1940 
November 17, 1941 

October 25, 1943 
December 19, 1932 

November 20, 1933 
March 19, 1945 

November 10, 1924 
April 7, 1930 

January 5, 1942 

March 30, 1925 
October 18, 1926 
October 15, 1928 
February 3, 1930 
November 16, 1931 
February 27, 1933 
October 22, 1934 
October 17, 1938 

April 20, 1928 

February 22, 1932 
March 18, 1935 
March 13, 1939 
March 17, 194I 
April 12, 1943 

December 15, 1924 
April 25, 1927 
October 22, 1928 
April 18, 1932 
October 17, 1932 
October 16, 1933 
October 19, 1936 
November 28, 1938 
October 8, 1939 


A Famous Family of Old Augsburg (Ladies' Night 

A Man-made Colossus 
The Most Commonplace Thing in the World (Repeated 

by Request) 

Anan Raymond 

Through a Glass Darkly 


The Four Horsemen 

A Logistic Parallel 

Charles Bert Reed 

The First Sestina 

Le Bel Cavalier 

The Case of Lady Godiva (What Really Happened) 

A Profession Incorporated (With apologies to Mr. Petti- 

Forest Phantasms 

Sieur de St. Denis, and Jallot his Valet de Chambre 

A Predatory Prince 

The Lamps of Style 

The Gossip of the Pines 

The Haunted Cedar (written before the author's death 
and read by a fellow member) 

Curtis Williford Reese 


A Humanistic Philosophy of Life 

Max Rheinstein 

Inside Germany, 1914-1918 
Birth of a Nation 

William L. Richardson 

Book Review 

A Group of Immortals 

One Hundred Years Ago 

West Meets East 

On Giving Oneself Away 

Samuel M. Rinaker 
An English University 

Carl Otto Rinder 

Hew to the Viands, Let the Vitamins Fall Where They 

So They Went West 

Sidney L. Robin 

Incunabula of the Illiterate 
Harry Franklin Robinson 

Lafcadio Hearn, Rover, Interpreter of Life and 

[ 138 ] 

March 29, 1943 
February 19, 1945 

April 30, 1945 

April 15, 1935 
April II, 1938 
April 29, 1940 
April 16, 1945 

January 12, 1925 
March 15, 1926 
May 21, 1928 

April 21, 1930 
November 2, 1931 
January 22, 1934 
February 10, 1936 
December 6, 1937 
October 16, 1939 

October 20, 1941 

March 7, 1927 
April I, 1929 

April 14, 1941 
October 23, 1944 

November 24, 1924 
May 17, 1926 
October 24, 1927 
October 28, 1929 
October 20, 1930 

April 20, 1925 

January 30, 1933 
February 24, 194I 

May 5, 1 94 1 
May 16, 1927 

Stephen Crane 
The Master of Gunston Hall 
I Will be Heard 
Precursors of Mark Twain 
Mr. Dooley 

Carl B. Roden 

Francis Parkman 
Chicago (Presidential Address) 
The Epic of the Prairie Schooner 
Overland Stage and Pony Express 
Informal Talk on Recent Book Trends 

Erwin W. Roemer 

Wit and Humor of Judge Joseph E. Gary 
A Notorious Illinois Trial 

Lessing Rosenthal 

Milton's "Areopagitica" and the Liberty of Licensed 

Hermann Irving Schlesinger 

The Production and Use of Scientific Talking Pictures 

Frederic William Schlutz 
Ye Goode Olde Tyme 

Bernadotte Everly Schmitt 

Interviewing the Authors of the War 

The War — Twenty Years After 

Going West to the East (Ladies' Night address) 

From Versailles to Munich, 191 8-1938 

Roosevelt-Churchill Declaration and the Terms of Peace 

Arthur Pearson Scott 

The White Man's Burden (Illustrated by still and mov- 
ing pictures taken in African Jungles) 

Louis Martin Sears 
A Unique Gift 

Trevor K. Serviss 
Willingly to School 

George Steele Seymour 
My Friend, Hamlin Garland 

Victor Louis Sherman 

Rudyard Kipling 

Louis Becke, Authority of South Sea Lore 
Hyperbolically Speaking 

Andrew Rothwell Sherriff 

What Chance Individualism 
Primer of Justice and the Law 

January 26, 1931 
March 13, 1933 
November 26, 1934 
February 28, 1938 
April 19, 1943 

May 19, 1924 
October 11, 1926 
January 7, 1929 
May 19, 1930 
November 23, 1936 

November 10, 1941 
February 5, 1945 

October 6, 1930 

March 25, 1935 

February 6, 1933 

March 17, 1930 
November 12, 1934 
March 30, 1936 
November 14, 1938 
November 3, 1941 

February 22, 1926 

October 26, 1936 

January 31, 1938 

November 6, 1944 

November 28, 1932 
January 24, 1938 
March 23, 1942 
January 22, 1945 

December 17, 1928 
January 5, 1931 


Earle Astor Shilton 
Old Timer 

Leaders and Wheelers 
Little Audrey Comes to Town 

God's Country (Ladies' Night Address) 
Gentleman Farmer (Presidential Address) 

Paul Shorey 

Sureness and Cocksureness 

Evolution — A Conservative's Apology (Ladies' Night 

Should We Teach Them Hard or Easy Poetry? 
Soaking the Rich in Ancient Athens (Ladies' Night 


James Persons Simonds 


Before San Jacinto — and after 

Synesius and Sidonius; Two Bishops of the Fifth Century 

After San Jacinto 

Archibald Whittier Smalley 
The Tools of Thought 
A Poet of the Ages (Vergil) 
Changes in Words 
Chicago's Site 

Henry Justin Smith 

Ten Thousand Feet Above Loop Level 

Will M. Sparks 

The Rappites 

Samuel Cecil Stanton 
Eight Days in a Ship on Fire 

Merritt Starr 

Shakespeare and the Renaissance 

Lewis Abyram Stebbins 
A. D. 2250 

"If a Man Die, Shall He Live Again?" 
The Grange 
Russia in 1937 
The Hillman Case 
A Good Man and A Bad'Man Meet 
An Unpublished Chapter in the History of the American 

National Red Cross 
The Shades 
Can We Win the Peace? 

Richard Corwine Stevenson 
Some Notes on Words and Music 

November 13, 1933 
November 16, 1936 
November 7, 1938 
November 13, 1939 
March 31, 194I 
October 9, 1944 

November 16, 1925 

January 30, 1928 
February 2, 1931 

October 30, 1933 

May 4, 1925 
May 9, 1932 
October 10, 1932 
March 20, 1939 

January 24, 1927 
October 12, 1931 
October 29, 1934 
October 24, 1938 

January 18, 1926 

March 10, 1941 

November 29, 1926 

April 6, 1925 

April 4, 1927 
March 7, 1932 
December 17, 1934 
February 21, 1938 
December 19, 1938 
October 21, 1940 

April 6, 1942 
October 12, 1942 
November 8, 1943 

March 27, 1944 


Joseph Stolz 

Judaism, the Background of Christianity — with Special 

Reference to George Foot Moore's "Judaism in the 

First Century." 
Some Jewish Classics 

William Benson Story 
The Problem of the Railroads 
The Building of a Railroad 

Robert Cable Teare 
The Merchant Ethic 

Frederick Cleveland Test 

Vagrant Bands 

The Tale of a Trek 

Historic Halts 

Hedgeway Rambles (Illustrated) 

Apocryphal Adventure 

Spring Quarterly Meeting 

An Oregon Trail Blazer 

James Westfall Thompson 

Hell und Dunkel 

Shakespeare and the Politics of his Time 
The Roman Empire and America Today 
The Origin and Development of the Book 
The Libraries and Book Trade of Ancient Rome 

Samuel Edmund Thorne 
An Oxford Scholar 

Louis Leon Thurstone 
Three Theories of Intelligence 

Arthur James Todd 

Three Wise Men of the East (Ladies' Night Address) 
The Secularization of Domestic Relations: Nineteen 

Centuries of Church versus Sex 
Our Vanishing Family 
A New Critique of Cant 
A Bundle of Myrrh 

Albert Harris Tolman 

Earnest and Jest in Shakespearean Scholarship, 1709- 

Problems and Humors of the Grammar Class 

Charles Henderson True 

Adventures in Transportation: Extracts from the Biog- 
raphy of Jonathan K. Peagreene, Esq. 
Tales from the Mills 

April 23, 1928 
April 22, 1929 

November 2, 1936 
February 19, 1940 

February 9, 1931 

January 21, 1929 
January 9, 1933 
November 6, 1933 
February 18, 1935 
January 17, 1938 
February 5, 1940 
February 15, 1943 

October 26, 1925 
November 7, 1927 
November 12, 1928 
October 21, 1929 
November 3, 1930 
April 23, 1934 

January 13, 194I 

February 12, 1945 

January 31, 1927 

January 16, 1928 
May 5, 1930 
March 28, 1932 
February 11, 1935 

December 8, 1924 
December 12, 1927 

February 7, 1927 
February 24, 1930 

[ 141 ] 

George Burwell Utley 
Fifty Years of Librarianship 
Some Literary Lights of Old Hartford 
Walter Loomis Newberry: Pioneer 
An American Collector and His Bag (Inaugural Address) 
Thomas Hooker — Liberal Puritan 

The Irresponsible Ramblings of a Peripatetic Stevenson 

Frank Gibson Ward 

Outliving War • 

Benjamin Wham 

The Trend of the Law; or a Portrait of God 

The Mysterious, Insidious, Doctor Fu Manchu, or Lo! 

the Poor Landlord 
The Wonderland of Finance Regulation 
Railroads and the National Transportation Policy 
The Strange Case of the Sewer which Flowed Up Hill 
Bedtime Stories 

Herbert Clarkson Whitehead 

A Trilogy of Essays in Outline: Institutions, Their 
Functions and Instruments; the Near and the Remote 
Aspects of Liberty; Publicists, their Characteristics 
and Functions 

Edward Byers W^ilcox 

Mysticism in Modern Science 

Review of "Poems from 1924 to 1933" by Archibald 

Anneke Jans 

Payson Sibley Wild 

What Really Happened (The Case of Xanthippe) 


How Old is Horace ? (Ladies' Night Address) 

Ulmus Susurrans (The Whispering Elm) 

Seargent Peabody Wild 

Travails Outside the Fourth Estate 

Henry Percy Williams 
Short Story: Decoration Day 

De Witt Cosgrove Wing 

The Modern Iconoclast 
The Newer Nutrition 

Henry Milton Wolf 

And Who was Townsend Harris? (Inaugural Address) 

Victor Yarros 

Lost, Strayed, or Stolen: Philosophy Today 
A Lay Sermon Obiter on Music 

[ 142 ] 

March i, 1926 
April II, 1932 
April 8, 1935 
October 7, 1935 
April 15, 1940 

April 17, 1944 
March 8, 1926 

May 7, 1928 

November 21, 1932 
December 7, 1936 
November 18, 1940 
November i, 1943 
October 16, 1944 

November 22, 1926 

May 8, 1933 

May 7, 1934 
April 7, 1941 

May 21, 1928 
May 2, 1932 
April 29, 1935 
April 17, 1939 

December 8, 1930 

November 8, 1926 

March 23, 1925 
April 26, 1926 

October 8, 1934 

November 9, 1925 
May 9, 1927 

Education: Some Radical Reactionary Heresies 
Letters and Literary Standards in Bourgeoisia 
The Trials and Pleasure of Editorial Writing 
The Present Crisis in Fiction and Belles Lettres 
The Paradox of Human Hypocrisy, Conscious and 

Investing in Ideas, or the Books that have Guided Me 

(Read by George Packard) 

Charles Yeomans 
Lesser Lights of the Sea 
Gloria in Peristalsis 
Arctic Knight Errant 
Clergyman in Conflict 

John Maxcy Zane 

Oratory is No More 

Ernest Bloomfield Zeisler 


Pure Reason 

The New Deal In Logic 

Evariste Galois 

Nietzsche and the Nazis 

Robinson Crusoe Resartus 

Erwin Paul Zeisler 

Some Psychoanalytical Poems 
A Study in Brown and Scarlet 

SiGMUND Zeisler 

Reminiscences of the Anarchists' Case (Published by 

the Club in January, 1927 
A Chapter from a Forthcoming Book, "The Life of 

Fannie Bloomfield Zeisler." 
Another Chapter from a Forthcoming Book, "The Life 

of Fannie Bloomfield Zeisler." 

November 5, 1928 
November 4, 1929 
April 3, 1933 
October 15, 1934 

March 21, 1938 

December 9, 1940 

March 26, 1928 
March 6, 1933 
December 21, 1936 
November 9, 1942 

April 19, 1937 

May 16, 1932 
May 14, 1934 
May 10, 1937 
May 8, 1939 
January 27, 194I 
April 24, 1944 

December 20, 1937 
October 26, 1942 

May 3, 1926 
October 29, 1928 
January 6, 1930 















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